color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies color copies discount copies discount copies discount copies discount copies discount copies discount copies discount copies discount copies discount copies discount copies cheap color copies cheap color copies cheap color copies cheap color copies cheap color copies cheap color copies cheap color copies cheap color copies cheap color copies cheap color copies


 
BLOG  .....

cheap color copies        cheap color copies   cheap color copies   cheap color copies     cheap  color copies     cheap color copies      cheap color copies     

Print Specifications

Please submit files in industry standard formats, that are not dependent on the application, fonts or other separate design elements used in creation. We accept the following file formats: .TIF, .JPG and .PDF. All file formats must be flattened, have a resolution of 300dpi and embedded or outlined fonts.

We have provided steps for many different programs to achieve this format. If you have any questions or are unable to supply in this format, please contact us and we will help you.

Located below you will find these sections:

Quick File Setup/Instructions:

 

Copies Discount Copies Color Copies Online

www.unitechcopy.com 

Great Source For Cheap Black & White Copies  April 1 2012

 

You have probably had the experience of going into a copy services center with the though of getting a small project done, and already have in mind an idea of what the project will likely cost.  You may have been surprised to find out how long the project would take them to complete, perhaps thinking to yourself “I only want a few cheap black & white copies.”  Well do not allow yourself to remain stuck in the dark ages of copying services.  The internet has opened up new ways to get cheap copies quickly and this is something you should definitely be taking advantage of.  

 

The advent of online copying services had greatly increased the ease of purchasing cheap copies.   www.unitechcopy.com is an excellent source for cheap black & white copies as well as color copies.  Along with copies  www.unitechcopy.comoffers many other copy services, such as collating and binding copied documents into pamphlets.   www.unitechcopy.com offers excellent customer service and quick order completion, so you should definitely consider using their services for your next big copy order.  Most projects are completed within 24 hours of being received.  This means that if your company is normally faced with tight deadlines   www.unitechcopy.comwill always deliver on time.   

 

 www.unitechcopy.com  uses a very simple interface for you to place your copy order.  Registering for an account will allow you to place orders for cheap black & white copies.  Once you have registered for your account you will be able to place orders, track orders, and know exactly when your cheap copies will arrive.  The   www.unitechcopy.comsite is easy to navigate with many dialog boxes to help you make informed choices when placing your copy order.  Before you know it you will have a long list of copy jobs that you have used   www.unitechcopy.comto handle. 

 

The pricing of copy services is often one of the biggest deciding factors in choosing a company to handle your copying needs.  The quality of cheap black & white copies is also something that needs to be considered though.    High quality cheap copies will be virtually indistinguishable from the original.  You may need some assistance with editing a particular document before it is copied.   www.unitechcopy.com can help in that regard as well.  The staff is well-trained in making use of a variety of different document editing software in order to make sure that your document has the professional look that you desire. 

 

Additional copy services, binding, stapling, trimming, and folding are also available from .  www.unitechcopy.com  If you want to turn your cheap black & white copies into a booklet then  www.unitechcopy.com unitechcopy.com can handle that job for you too. 

 

It is important to remember to send documents in PDF format so that the job can be completed in a timely manner.  To achieve cheap copies that look exactly like the original it is best to send the document in PDF format since there is basically no chance of losing the formatting of the original document.  If you need cheap black & white copies and need a quick turnaround on your order www.unitechcopy.com is your source for cheap copies.  

cheap color copies        cheap color copies   cheap color copies   cheap color copies     cheap  color copies     cheap color copies      cheap color copies     

copies

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copieswww.unitechcopy.com 

Where To Get Cheap Copies Without Sacrificing Quality  march 1 2012

When the economy is down it forces businesses and consumers to find ways to cut costs.  Cheap copies are one way that many businesses have found to be helpful in saving money in the budget.  There are a large variety of companies that offer copy services.  Many office supply stores have also decided to start offering copy services, as well as banks and even grocery stores.  Ordering cheap copies from  is an excellent way to get high quality copy services while getting rates much better than those offered by office supply stores and stores that only offer copy services.  

 

Affordable prices are the foundation of what www.unitechcopy.com offers, along with excellent customer service and quick completion of copying jobs.  High quality Xerox printing equipment allows www.unitechcopy.com to print large quantities of cheap copies, quickly and with huge cost savings for businesses.  Though these are cheap copies as far as price is concerned, the quality is definitely there, as the copies are often hard to distinguish from original documents.  www.unitechcopy.com  offer a quality of copy that makes it impossible to distinguish them from more expensive copies.   Quality and value in copy services are goals that  www.  are dedicated to fulfilling.   Customers are delighted by the accurate reproductions of documents and projects that they receive from www.  .

 

Need cheap copies for a business project?  www.   can take care of your needs at a fraction of the costs of many of the office supply stores that offer similar services.  The monetary savings from using www.unitechcopy.com along with the quick delivery and fine quality will no doubt earn you some brownie points with the boss. 

 

Sometimes you may need to make changes to your original document before you have it copied.  www.unitechcopy.com can help with this too.  Changing the sharpness, reductions and enlargements, adding color photos, all these copy services can be performed by www.unitechcopy.com and you still get cheap copies. 

 

Perhaps you need your cheap copies bound into a book.  CopiesAmerica offers these kind of copy services as well.  Custom folding, stapling, trimming, punching, binding, and stitching can all be done at rates far below those offered by competitors.  www.unitechcopy.com just needs your specifications for the booklet in order to complete your order. 

 

www.unitechcopy.comonly accepts files in Adobe Acrobat PDF format, but since that is one of the most popular formats for documents it is easy to convert almost any kind of documentation into a PDF.  Since information loss is minimal with the PDF format, all the original formatting of your document will be retained.  Laser printers have a preset quarter-inch border that must be left around a document in order for it to print correctly without any information on the page being lost.  www.unitechcopy.com  offers a secure way to upload documents for copying using the SEND option on their website.  Depending on the size of your document it may take up to an hour to upload it.  After the job has been uploaded most jobs are returned within 24 hours, so www.unitechcopy.com can help you meet almost any deadline with high quality, cheap copies. 

color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies  

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

   

Where To Find Low Cost Color Copies  February  1, 2012

www.unitechcopy.com

 

Color copying is absolutely essential to businesses for advertising purposes and other needs.  www.unitechcopy.com offers low cost color copies that can help a company to keep copying expenses as low as possible.  One of the main reasons to use www.unitechcopy.com is that they provide excellent customer service and have an average turnaround of 24 hours on any copying job.  Since 1983 www.unitechcopy.com has been providing the best customer service and some of the most competitive prices in the copying business.  High quality color copying is one of the foundations of the service that www.unitechcopy.com provides and this is evident in the slogan “America's Source for Color.” 

 

Equipped with the latest in color copying technology and a staff of highly-trained employees who specialize in flawless detail work and an understanding of the importance of projects being delivered on time, www.unitechcopy.com provide your company with the low cost color copies it needs.  Customer service is of the utmost importance and the courteous, friendly manner in which the staff will handle your order will keep you coming back for all your copy jobs. 

 

Time constraint can be easily met because the Xerox DocuColor laser printer is able to handle high volume color copying jobs in a very short amount of time. Large color copying jobs, small color copying jobs and everything in between can all be handled by www.unitechcopy.com and you will still end up with low cost color copies. 

 

www.unitechcopy.com requires that you create an online account before you place your first color copying order.  The account is a very useful feature since it allows you to place your orders, track them, and make any adjustments that may be required.  If you have a color copying project that you need to finish from a remote location www.unitechcopy.com is an excellent option to make sure that the copy project is still completed on time.  Most companies will really benefit from the time savings that result from being able to complete color copying projects online.  No more heading to the office supply store to stand in long lines, or waiting for your turn at the copy machine.  Low cost color copies can be ordered with a few mouse clicks from www.unitechcopy.com .   

 

The proper document formatting is necessary in order to complete a color copying order with www.unitechcopy.com  .  Adobe Acrobat PDF format is the format of choice since it is easy to convert most documents to PDF format, and it results in a minimal lost of formatting.  A quarter-inch border is required on all sides of the document in order to be printed, as this is the size of the unprintable margin left on all pages by the printer.  This margin will also give your color copying project a professional look.  Files can be uploaded directly on the www.unitechcopy.com website and within 24 hours you will receive you low cost color copies. 

 

In order to produce the highest quality, low cost color copies there is a minimum purchase order involved with your CopiesAmerica color copying order.  If you have at least a $50.00 color copying order then www.unitechcopy.com is definitely your source for low cost color copies. 

Title: Black and white copies at affordable prices   September 23, 2009     unitechcopy.com  


color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies   

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

The first step will be to request a price quote online, discovering if they are able to provide cheap black and white copies or not. Most reputable companies guarantee professional copy services but they require you to create a customer account first (to ensure that you are trustworthy as well). The third step is to place your order for cheap color copies (or black and white, depending on your needs) and choose any of the suggested payment methods. Last, but not least, you will have to upload the file(s) you want to make cheap copies of. Who would have thought that it is that easy to benefit from cheap copy services? Don’t forget that free shipping is offered on color copies that are over a certain sum.

A cheap color copy does not necessarily have to be low in quality. Online, it is practically impossible not to find a company that guarantees both qualitative and affordable copy services. Professional companies deal with requests for cheap copies all the time, having already learned to adapt to the requirements of even the most pretentious clients. When searching for the cheapest color copies, be sure to find special prices offered for larger volumes of work. Going with a trustworthy team of specialists, you can be absolutely certain that these color copies are made using the latest technology present on the market. Benefit from the cheapest prices on color copies and discover the quality of the laser print at the same time.

unitechcopy.com

Using white recycled paper, these specialists are able to provide color copies that are environmentally friendly. They do not charge absurd sums of money for the services they provide and they have a lot of suggestions for their clients. For example, all the products that have been copies can be turned into collated sets or books, depending of course on the client’s preferences and/or needs. For color copies New York that are over a certain sum of money, they guarantee free shipping, which is truly advantageous, especially with large volumes of color copying.

From what has been said so far, you’ve probably understood that both the color copies pricing and the quality matter. Finding a reliable source to provide professional color/black and white copy services is not a difficult task, particularly as there are so many companies presenting themselves over the Internet. Just make sure you follow the recommended steps and create your very own customers account in order to benefit from discount color copies and other special offers. These guys will prove that they are genuine professionals and complete your project in time, without any problems. The next time you need cheap copy services, you will know where to turn to unitechcopy.com

 

unitechcopy.com

Are you looking for professional copy services?    November 10, 2009    


color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies   

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

Once you have decided to go ahead and request a price quote for discount copies, be sure to present the job name, the number of copies desired and the job type. You will have to mention whether you want color copies or black and white copying, followed by these copies being collated or not. Don’t forget to select the printed format for your discount copies, single or double sided. They use recycled white paper for all copy services, so you won’t have to worry about such matters. The covers can either be color or black and white, blank or simple clear plastic. The bindery options for the cheap copies are a little bit more complicated, offering a lot of choices. You have the three-hole punch, the plastic comb and staples on the side. If you decide, you can go with folding letter fold or the saddle stitched copies, depending of course on your needs.

The specialists working for the copying company will also ask you to describe the project in detail, offering an estimated price at the end of the quote. The next step will be to prepare the files for sending, converting them to the required pdf format. They will teach you how to transform your regular files into pdf, suggesting event the programs that have to be used (free pdf converters). Then, you will have to send the files from which the cheap copies will be eventually made.


unitechcopy.com There may be many companies out there providing color copying but you have to find the best. True professionals know how to complete each and every project successfully, having extensive experience in the color copying field. They are professional when it comes to making black and white copies as well, considering the demands of the client and the interest for competitive prices. Using modern generation equipment, these guys will make top-quality, yet cheap black and white copies, without any delays. If you have a project that involves making a lot of copies, then you should start looking for a trustworthy team today. Describe your project and you will have your b&w copies in no time!

color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies   

Cheap Color Copies www.unitechcopy.com- The Ideal Promo Material of Modern Times

 

   Feburary 10, 2010    www.unitechcopy.com                     

Cheap Color Copies -www.unitechcopy.com The Ideal Promo Material of Modern Times

Color adds life and can make any gloomy day bright and vibrant. Having understood its significance, color copies have been introduced as promotional materials. Irrespective of the size and nature of your business color copies are a perfect choice. Besides being cost effective in nature bright colored copies are renowned for attracting customers and winning their hearts in the very first glance. Brochures, flyers, invitations printed in color are more attention seeking in comparison to ones that are printed in black and white.

 

In order to meet the growing needs of clients across the globe, color copies unitechcopy.com is offering its valuable services at most competitive prices. Depending upon clients requirements, these copies are either printed using a desktop printer or a sophisticated machine. Desktop printers are generally used for small jobs while speciality equipment is used for bulk orders. For more details on prices, kind of services rendered, make sure you check http://copiesny.com .

 

There was a time when companies used to rely on print media alone for publicizing their products and services. But this scenario has changed with the advent of internet. Wide reach and easy accessibility has made this one of the most preferred advertising media. Besides this growing demand for latest advertising tools has lead to the establishment of several other companies operating online. As part of their operations these companies offer a variety of printing services that include color prints, flyers, invitation cards, brochures and other advertising material.     

 

If you presume that these services are expensive then you are thoroughly mistaken. Cheap color copiesunitechcopy.com  offers a variety of quality services at most reasonable prices. Wondering how? Large scale of production and economies of scale help these companies offer top quality services at most affordable prices. To enjoy these services and many more in store, all you need to do is create an account online, compare prices charged by various service providers, look for the best bid, make payment and then place your order with them. Some of these service providers do not even levy shipment charges on their clients.

 

In order to cater to the growing needs of clients, a good number of self service copy shops, full service printers and online websites have come into existence. However there are few criteria that you need to take into consideration while selecting a copy printer.

 

  • Price charged- with so many players in the market; make sure you check and compare the prices charged by each of them before finalizing one.
  • Reputation- choose a copy printer who is reputed and well established in the market.
  • Deadline- ability to meet deadlines is essential for the success of any business.
  • Quality of service- the success of your promotional activity is directly influenced by the quality of material you use.

 

color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies  

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

    color copies     color copies      color copies   

unitechcopy.com

              June 10, 2010   www.unitechcopy.com   How to select and buy cheap color copies in unitechcopy.com 

Color copies have become an integral part of office life for more reasons than one, especially cheap color copies. Cheaply priced color copies are not only a great way of getting many printouts of important files, documents and even pictures, they also boast of a far superior aesthetics value when compared to the conventional ones. If you are one of those who are keen to get or make color copies, you’re in pretty good company as there are many others who wish to do exactly that.

Many individuals, companies or other organizations get in touch with a company to complete color copies for them at some point in time or the other.  While there are several factors that go into the selection of such color copy making firm, cost is one of the more important considerations in this regard.

 In this regard, the internet can go a long way in helping you choose a suitable company which provides color copies in unitechcopy.com at affordable rates. In fact, the World Wide Web may create a problem of plenty of you, by opening up too many avenues to select from. This is why you must be careful before you do the selection on the web since there is no dearth of online scammers on the internet. Many scammers connive to create devious means to rip off your hard earned money.

That said, there are many legitimate companies that provide cheap color copies in unitechcopy.com which promulgate their services through the internet. When you do zero in on one particular company, you need to ensure that they follow best industry practices while delivering their services.  For instance, most genuine firms undertake four basic steps as part of their service provisions.  Before that happens, it is important to make sure that it uses nothing but top-quality laser prints.

Under the first step, you’d need to get a price quote from the selected company, which again can happen over the internet. Most decent firms make it a point to feature a quotation tool on their website to make it convent for their customers. This tool will help you ascertain how much money you would have to shell out in order to get your work done. It will also give a clear picture on the price that is to be paid for each copy.

The next step involves the creation of a new customer account. Of course, if the customer has already created an account, they can straight away login. Then, you would need to place your order for the color copies, which would take you to the final step- uploading the files that would be copied directly from the firm’s website. Once that is done, you can pay for the services rendered using a credit card or other payment options. Some companies however, require advance payment before they transfer color copies.

 

-------------- is an expert on color copies, cheap color copies, cheap laser printing and other related topics. For more information, feel free to visitunitechcopy.com .

 

 color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies   

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

Color Copies unitechcopy.com- Effective Marketing Tools

 November 2010 www.unitechcopy.com

With competition soaring in the market, entrepreneurs are in constant look out for new and effective methods of advertising that can not only boost their sales but also retain their existing clientele base. Printing of brochures, distribution of pamphlets and flyers is a part of such promotional activities. Although several modes of advertising are in vogue, none of them is a match to color copies. Colors are known for enticing customers in their very first glance. Considering this fact the concept of color copies has been introduced. By using color copies unitechcopy.com, you not only grab the attention of customers but also leave a long lasting impact on their minds. This is perhaps the key reason behind growing demand for color copies across the globe.

 

Owing to their efficiency and effectiveness, even traditional add makers are switching towards the use of color copies. The greatest advantage of using this latest technology is that you can now make your flyers, headers, notepads and postcards more interesting and creative. Flyers and pamphlets as we know involve the usage of text along with certain images. By printing the same in color you tend to make your content visually more appealing.

 

However, one common concern that keeps haunting the minds of businessmen across is the cost associated with printing these color copies. Growing number of players in the market along with technological advancements now help you reap the benefits of color copies at most affordable prices. Yes, without having to compromise on the quality, you can now get your own customized color copies at highly competitive prices. Some of the specialized features of cheap color copies unitechcopy.com are:

 

·        Special care is taken for treating the surface of color copies which makes it electrically resistant.

·        In order to maintain uniformity in the thickness of color copies even fiber distribution is maintained.

·        Due care is taken for ensuring high quality printing.

·        Abrasive materials are not used in order to ensure less wear and tear of copy printers.

 

Off late color copies have gained immense popularity among all sizes and kinds of businesses. For further details on prices charged and services rendered do visit unitechcopy.com . In good olden days print was the only available media for advertising products and services. However with the advent of desktop printers situations have changed drastically. Now based upon client requirements companies are coming up with customized color copies. 

 

Before jumping into conclusions and approaching a copy printer make sure you take few aspects into consideration. Color copies and its design are influenced by paper quality, its consistency, density and design. Time and again it has been proved that color prints are more effective when compared to black and white copies.

 

Towards the end we would like to bring to your notice that modern markets and highly competitive in nature. The best way to withstand this competition and create a unique identity for yourself and your products is using color copies. Color copies are not only attention grabbing but also capable of boosting the sales of your business.

color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies   color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

Growing Demand for Color Copies Services

  February 2011 www.unitechcopy.com

Globalisation and free trade have encouraged hundreds and thousands of companies to establish themselves in the modern market. With competition thus intensifying businesses have been forced to be in constant look out for new and innovative promotional schemes. Despite growing use of internet, companies still rely on traditional marketing methods like print media with slight changes. Unlike good olden modern traders are switching to the use of color copies for advertising their products and services.

 

A color copy with perfect combination of color, text and design can create wonders for your business. Print media as we all know is one of the most popular and highly accessible advertising media. This accessibility has grown manifold with the advent of internet and desktop printers. Low cost and efficiency are the two main reasons that prompt businesses to switch towards color copies. Owing to this increasing demand a good number of service providers including color copies www.unitechcopy.com have entered into the market.

 

The visual appeal of your business documents and most importantly your marketing material can be made interesting by using color copies. The key benefits of using color copies are:

 

  • Appeal- as stated above color has the unique ability of grabbing people’s attention and at the same time leave a long lasting impact. Color presentations are sure to impress your clients, partners and most importantly your customers.
  • Information represented in color is clear, understandable and easy to read. Black and white printouts are not as interesting as color ones. Hence companies prefer color copies over black and white copies.
  • Cost effective in nature- price is one of the main concerns for people investing in color copies. If you are under the assumption that color copies would cost you more than black and white copies, you are thoroughly mistaken. With growing number of copy printers and advancement in technology, color copies can be owned at most competitive prices.
  • Another key benefit of switching to color copies is that these designed can be customized. As we all know client requirements are not always the same, bearing this in mind wide variety of color copies services are offered. These services allow you to come up with your own creative design. For more details on this, please visit
  • unitechcopy.com

 

Besides the benefits stated above, there are certain details you need to take into account while choosing color copies. These include:

 

  • Copy format.
  • Color of paper that is being used.
  • Raw material from which the paper is being made and
  • Last but not the least, quality of the paper that is being used.

 

Cheap color copies www.unitechcopy.com comes in variety of sizes, shapes and colors. Hence based on client requirements you can choose one that best fit your needs. Towards the end, we would like to conclude stating that in modern competitive world color copies have proved to be most effective and successful marketing tool. But before jumping to conclusion, make sure you conduct a thorough market research and choose the best and most reputed copy printer service provider.

 

 www. unitechcopy.com
color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies   color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

Color Copies - www.unitechcopy.com  Effective Marketing Tools         march 2011

 color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies

With competition soaring in the market, entrepreneurs are in constant look out for new and effective methods of advertising that can not only boost their sales but also retain their existing clientele base. Printing of brochures, distribution of pamphlets and flyers is a part of such promotional activities. Although several modes of advertising are in vogue, none of them is a match to color copies. Colors are known for enticing customers in their very first glance. Considering this fact the concept of color copies has been introduced. By using color copies www.unitechcopy.com , you not only grab the attention of customers but also leave a long lasting impact on their minds. This is perhaps the key reason behind growing demand for color copies across the globe.

 

Owing to their efficiency and effectiveness, even traditional add makers are switching towards the use of color copies. The greatest advantage of using this latest technology is that you can now make your flyers, headers, notepads and postcards more interesting and creative. Flyers and pamphlets as we know involve the usage of text along with certain images. By printing the same in color you tend to make your content visually more appealing.

 

However, one common concern that keeps haunting the minds of businessmen across is the cost associated with printing these color copies. Growing number of players in the market along with technological advancements now help you reap the benefits of color copies at most affordable prices. Yes, without having to compromise on the quality, you can now get your own customized color copies at highly competitive prices. Some of the specialized features of cheap color copies www.unitechcopy.com care:

 

·        Special care is taken for treating the surface of color copies which makes it electrically resistant.

·        In order to maintain uniformity in the thickness of color copies even fiber distribution is maintained.

·        Due care is taken for ensuring high quality printing.

·        Abrasive materials are not used in order to ensure less wear and tear of copy printers.

 

Off late color copies have gained immense popularity among all sizes and kinds of businesses. For further details on prices charged and services rendered do visit  www.unitechcopy.com cIn good olden days print was the only available media for advertising products and services. However with the advent of desktop printers situations have changed drastically. Now based upon client requirements companies are coming up with customized color copies. 

 

Before jumping into conclusions and approaching a copy printer make sure you take few aspects into consideration. Color copies and its design are influenced by paper quality, its consistency, density and design. Time and again it has been proved that color prints are more effective when compared to black and white copies.

 

Towards the end we would like to bring to your notice that modern markets and highly competitive in nature. The best way to withstand this competition and create a unique identity for yourself and your products is using color copies. Color copies are not only attention grabbing but also capable of boosting the sales of your business.




April 2011 Cheap Color Copies www.unitechcopy.com The Ideal Promo Material of Modern Times

 color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies   color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies online copies discount copies color copies online

copies discount copies color copies Online copies discount copies color copies online

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

booklets  coil books books  black and  white copies

 

Color adds life and can make any gloomy day bright and vibrant. Having understood its significance, color copies have been introduced as promotional materials. Irrespective of the size and nature of your business color copies are a perfect choice. Besides being cost effective in nature bright colored copies are renowned for attracting customers and winning their hearts in the very first glance. Brochures, flyers, invitations printed in color are more attention seeking in comparison to ones that are printed in black and white.

 

In order to meet the growing needs of clients across the globe, color copies  is offering www.unitechcopy.com its valuable services at most competitive prices. Depending upon clients requirements, these copies are either printed using a desktop printer or a sophisticated machine. Desktop printers are generally used for small jobs while specialty equipment is used for bulk orders. For more details on prices, kind of services rendered, make sure you check

www.unitechcopy.com

 

There was a time when companies used to rely on print media alone for publicizing their products and services. But this scenario has changed with the advent of internet. Wide reach and easy accessibility has made this one of the most preferred advertising media. Besides this growing demand for latest advertising tools has lead to the establishment of several other companies operating online. As part of their operations these companies offer a variety of printing services that include color prints, flyers, invitation cards, brochures and other advertising material.     

 

If you presume that these services are expensive then you are thoroughly mistaken. Cheap color copies www.unitechcopy.com  offers a variety of quality services at most reasonable prices. Wondering how? Large scale of production and economies of scale help these companies offer top quality services at most affordable prices. To enjoy these services and many more in store, all you need to do is create an account online, compare prices charged by various service providers, look for the best bid, make payment and then place your order with them. Some of these service providers do not even levy shipment charges on their clients.

 

In order to cater to the growing needs of clients, a good number of self service copy shops, full service printers and online websites have come into existence. However there are few criteria that you need to take into consideration while selecting a copy printer.

 

  • Price charged- with so many players in the market; make sure you check and compare the prices charged by each of them before finalizing one.
  • Reputation- choose a copy printer who is reputed and well established in the market.
  • Deadline- ability to meet deadlines is essential for the success of any business.
  • Quality of service- the success of your promotional activity is directly influenced by the quality of material you use.

 may  2011 Cheap Color Copies www.unitechcopy.com - Future of Tomorrow

color copies        color copies   color copies   color copies      color copies     color copies      color copies   color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies color copies cheap color copies  discount color copies color copies cheap color copies 

Print media is one of the most effective means of advertisement. With competition intensifying in the industry, the demand for promo material is on the rise. This in turn has lead to boom in the color copies industry. In order to cater to the growing needs of clients across the globe, cheap color copies www.unitechcopy.com offers attractive banners, flyers, pamphlets and other promotional items. Although the money you expend on printing color copies is slightly more than what you would invest on black and white copies, the benefits you derive from the former outweigh its cost.

 

Color copies are not only eye catching but are also capable of drawing attention of your target audience toward minute details. Irrespective of the size and nature of your business, color copies are effective in giving you the desired results. With increasing demand for these copies, thousands of copy centers have been set up across the globe. Some of these companies offer their valuable services online.  No matter what your copy needs are, discount color copies www.unitechcopy.com  offers variety of services online.

 

In order to benefit from these services, all you need to do is visit www.unitechcopy.com , register yourself and choose from the different color copies available here. Color copies differ from each other in terms of their finishing, design and quality. The kind of color copy you choose influences the success of your business. For instance- color flyers are perfect for advertising all special events and occasions.

 

The ideal place for accessing discount color copies is online. Copy printers are able to offer top quality services at most competitive prices mainly due to reduced overhead and labor costs. Latest technology and economies of scale have helped companies offer their valuable services at most affordable prices. Majority of the machines that are used in the printing of color copies come with inbuilt features which helps them increase their production efficiency and thereby minimize losses. The benefits derived there from are passed on to end customers.

 

While shopping online you can purchase color copies of your choice at prices as low as .05 cents. However to avail this kind of benefit you need to do a lot of ground work and thorough research. But before jumping to conclusions and making any kind of online purchases, certain aspects like hidden costs need to be borne in mind. Most of the times the price charged for purchasing color copies online are lot less in comparison to the shipment costs levied, this little detail if unattended to will leave you paying huge amount. So check for sites that do not collect any shipment charges.

 

Before concluding, we would like to brief up stating that color copies are highly effective in drawing the attention of your target customers towards the products and services offered by them. Off all the other promotional material available, color banners, flyers, pamphlets and brochures are quite popular among businesses of all sizes. But make sure you derive these services from companies of high repute. 

                            june 2011 How to select and buy cheap color copies in www.unitechcopy.com

Color copies have become an integral part of office life for more reasons than one, especially cheap color copies. Cheaply priced color copies are not only a great way of getting many printouts of important files, documents and even pictures, they also boast of a far superior aesthetics value when compared to the conventional ones. If you are one of those who are keen to get or make color copies, you’re in pretty good company as there are many others who wish to do exactly that.

Many individuals, companies or other organizations get in touch with a company to complete color copies for them at some point in time or the other.  While there are several factors that go into the selection of such color copy making firm, cost is one of the more important considerations in this regard.

 In this regard, the internet can go a long way in helping you choose a suitable company which provides color copies in www.unitechcopy.com at affordable rates. In fact, the World Wide Web may create a problem of plenty of you, by opening up too many avenues to select from. This is why you must be careful before you do the selection on the web since there is no dearth of online scammers on the internet. Many scammers connive to create devious means to rip off your hard earned money.

That said, there are many legitimate companies that provide cheap color copies in which www.unitechcopy.com promulgate their services through the internet. When you do zero in on one particular company, you need to ensure that they follow best industry practices while delivering their services.  For instance, most genuine firms undertake four basic steps as part of their service provisions.  Before that happens, it is important to make sure that it uses nothing but top-quality laser prints.

Under the first step, you’d need to get a price quote from the selected company, which again can happen over the internet. Most decent firms make it a point to feature a quotation tool on their website to make it convent for their customers. This tool will help you ascertain how much money you would have to shell out in order to get your work done. It will also give a clear picture on the price that is to be paid for each copy.

The next step involves the creation of a new customer account. Of course, if the customer has already created an account, they can straight away login. Then, you would need to place your order for the color copies, which would take you to the final step- uploading the files that would be copied directly from the firm’s website. Once that is done, you can pay for the services rendered using a credit card or other payment options. Some companies however, require advance payment before they transfer color copies.

 

-------------- is an expert on color copies, cheap color copies, cheap laser printing and other related topics. For more information, feel free to visit www.unitechcopy.com

 

 

https://copiesamerica.com/blog        color copies

Print Specifications

Please submit files in industry standard formats, that are not dependent on the application, fonts or other separate design elements used in creation. We accept the following file formats: .TIF, .JPG and .PDF. All file formats must be flattened, have a resolution of 300dpi and embedded or outlined fonts.

We have provided steps for many different programs to achieve this format. If you have any questions or are unable to supply in this format, please contact us and we will help you.

Located below you will find these sections:

Quick File Setup/Instructions:

 

1.      Files must be at least 300 dpi resolution

2.      For rich black please use C:50% / M:40% / Y:40% / K:100%

3.      CMYK Color Mode : If you do not send us CMYK artwork we will convert your files to CMYK and "color shifting" may occur!

4.      Artwork should not contain any crop marks!

5.      Keep anything you do not want cutoff at least 0.125" away from all edges

6.      File name must NOT contain spaces, commas, or any special characters. (ie: ! @ # $ % & * ( ) : ; ' { } / " , ~)

Detailed File Setup/Instructions:

https://copiesamerica.com/blog        color copies

Print Specifications

Please submit files in industry standard formats, that are not dependent on the application, fonts or other separate design elements used in creation. We accept the following file formats: .TIF, .JPG and .PDF. All file formats must be flattened, have a resolution of 300dpi and embedded or outlined fonts.

We have provided steps for many different programs to achieve this format. If you have any questions or are unable to supply in this format, please contact us and we will help you.

Located below you will find these sections:

Quick File Setup/Instructions:

 

1.      Files must be at least 300 dpi resolution

2.      For rich black please use C:50% / M:40% / Y:40% / K:100%

3.      CMYK Color Mode : If you do not send us CMYK artwork we will convert your files to CMYK and "color shifting" may occur!

4.      Artwork should not contain any crop marks!

5.      Keep anything you do not want cutoff at least 0.125" away from all edges

6.      File name must NOT contain spaces, commas, or any special characters. (ie: ! @ # $ % & * ( ) : ; ' { } / " , ~)

Detailed File Setup/Instructions:

Here is a general example of how to layout a flyer with the appropriate amount of bleed. Please follow these instructions for any size flyer.

ARTWORK MUST HAVE 0.0625" FOR BLEED AND 0.0625" FOR SAFETY ON ALL SIDES.
We can not guarantee any print job cuts without the bleed

 

 

 


General File Prep. per Graphic Program:

Photoshop

  1. Resolution should be set for 300 dpi and mode to CMYK.
  2. Save files as "JPEG" or "TIFF" with Maximum quality.

Quark Xpress

  1. From the file menu in Quark select: "Save page as EPS..."
  2. Name the file and press "Save".
  3. Open the Quark EPS file into Adobe Illustrator, "Select All" and go to the "Type" menu selection and "Create Outlines". All text on files must be converted to outlines with the outline set to zero to eliminate the need for fonts.
  4. Save file as Illustrator EPS with placed images included. color copies
  5. Open Illustrator EPS file into Photoshop.
  6. In Photoshop set resolution to 300 dpi and mode to CMYK.
  7. Save files as "JPEG" or "TIFF" with Maximum quality.

Freehand

  1. Go to "Edit"; "Select"; "All" and then go to the menu selection "Text" then "Convert to Paths". All text within files must be converted to paths with the stroke set to zero to eliminate the need for fonts to be sent to us.
  2. Export file as EPS with placed images included.
  3. Open EPS file into Photoshop.
  4. In Photoshop set resolution to 300 dpi and mode to CMYK.
  5. Save files as "JPEG" or "TIFF" with Maximum quality.

Adobe Illustrator

  1. In Illustrator "Select All" and go to the "Type" menu selection and "Create Outlines". All text within files must be converted to outlines with the outline set to zero to eliminate the need for fonts.
  2. Save file as Illustrator EPS with placed images included.
  3. Open Illustrator EPS file into Photoshop.
  4. In Photoshop set resolution to 300 dpi and mode to CMYK.
  5. Save files as "JPEG" or "TIFF" with Maximum quality.

PageMaker

  1. From the menu select: "file"; "print"
  2. Select the page to convert.
  3. Select the "option" button.
  4. Select the "Write Postscript to file" box.
  5. Select the "EPS" button
  6. Set the "Download Font:" to "PostScript and TrueType"
  7. Press "Save as" button, then name file and set destination by pressing the "OK" button. color copies
  8. Press the "Save" button
  9. Open the PageMaker generated EPS file into Illustrator.
  10. In Illustrator "Select All" and go to the "Type" menu selection and "Create Outlines". All text on files must be converted to outlines with the outline set to zero to eliminate the need for fonts.
  11. Save file as Illustrator EPS with placed images included.
  12. Open Illustrator EPS file into Photoshop.
  13. In Photoshop set resolution to 300 dpi and mode to CMYK.
  14. Save files as "JPEG" or "TIFF" with Maximum quality.

Publisher

  1. Open the document
  2. Go to the tools menu and look for the Commercial Printing Tool sub-menu.
  3. In the Commercial Printing Tools sub-menu, select the fonts sub-menu.
  4. In the window that will open you want to check "Embed True Type fonts when saving publication" and UN-Check "Do not embed common system fonts."

 

******************************************

Banners

Scrim Material that lasts up to 4-6 months outdoors.

Various Sizes Available depending on your needs

Super Fast 24 Hour Turnaround available

 

An important question to maintain is who exactly is your target audience?  Is a Banner what you are looking for?  Or maybe one of the many types of pamphlets, brochures, business cards, or another of our many options that would better suit your needs?

 

************************************************

We live in a world filled with hype and one thing that businesses are left to wonder is whether or not the idea that one can get cheap color copy is fact or fiction. The goal of business is to make money. For this reason it is reasonable to assume that, as a business, your goal is to save money when it comes to meeting your copy and printing needs. If you are willing to look, it is possible to find copies for cheap in Columbus, Ohio, an inexpensive copy service in Fairfax, VA and pretty much any other location in the country.

There are many great copy shops out there that are all competing for your business. There was a time when you could slide your fingers down the page of your local phone book and find a great printing business that could help meet all of your copy and printing needs. Those days have been replaced by a time when customer service is a thing of the past and not all businesses are able to keep up with constantly evolving technology. Now you can go to your computer and type online color copy into the search engine. What will come up is everything from online business card printing to online copying and printing half way around the world.

These are obviously not the companies that you want representing your business by making catalogs, brochures, flyers, and newsletters. In fact, you want your business to be represented by the most modern, cutting edge, company your community has to offer when it comes to meeting your commercial printing company needs.

Looking for a flyer printing company, discount color copies in Atlanta, and other resources? color copies

In order to do this you can't choose the first digital printing company that comes along. If you do, you are setting yourself up to be completely unhappy with the results. Take the time to find out about the quality of printing that is offered, in addition to how low the prices are. Compare prices from one printing company to the next. Chances are that you will find one shop stands above all the rest when it comes to price, quality, and service. Those shops are often easy to identify.

The copy industry has been around for many years, and making copies has never been easier than it is today. Today, you can get color copies for less money than you would have paid for black and white copies a few years ago. Also, todays copiers and digital print machines do a much better job than copiers just a few years old. Just think of the work involved when the ancient Egyptians had to literally copy all documents by hand onto papyrus. There were no copy machines or digital print machines as there are today. And of course nowadays you don;t even need to leave the house to get copies made. You can do it yourself through an online printer and save a ton of money. Also, copy paper is better than ever before, with recycled paper being available; making the copy industry sustainable more so than ever. With regard to sustainability, the print and copy industry has always been relatively earth friendly, since the trees that are grown for the paper industry have been farmed for the past 20 or so years. Certainly no old growth forests have been used to make copy or printing paper for a long time Find out how fast the average turnaround on orders are. This is a big deal when you are waiting on the flyer printing company so that you can move on to the next phase of your advertising campaign. A fast turnaround is important. Another good sign of a great company for your copying needs is that they offer a free proof for you to review in addition to offering cheap color copy services.

There are a few other things that may seem like small, insignificant touches in the beginning, but will come to matter in time. One of these is the variety of fonts that are offered. Font seems like such a small thing, but once you begin to discover what does and doesn't work for your business font will matter more and more. It's also a big deal when the printing and copying services you use make the process as simple as possible. The less commitment of time you must make to the process, the more quickly you can move on to other aspects of running your business. No one wants to spend hours trying to plow through a complicated computer interface just to keep a cheap color copy. So whether you are looking in Columbus, OH for a copy service or you are looking in Houston, TX, know that you can choose a printing and copying company that fits your individual needs. . color copies

 

********************************************

Print Tracts: How to Use Them

Print tracts are usually defined as being a written piece, short in length, most often used as a tool for evangelicals. However, there are more uses. Tracts have been around, in one form or another, for nearly a century. One online dictionary defines a tract as "a written discourse or dissertation, or a short treatise, especially on practical religion".

Writing Tips for Tracts

How does one go about writing a tract? The first thing is to consider who will be reading it. Who is your current audience and who do you wish to reach? Part of figuring out who will, or should, be reading your tract is considering their gender, occupation, place in life, or level of education. After determining this, it should help focus the type of information to include. Make sure that the subject matter included on the tract is not only relevant and interesting to you, but also to your target audience. In order to be influential, it must be pertinent. Another thing to remember is that a tract which is going to be most influential is also one which is short. Most readers have a short attention span and it is imperative you catch their attention in just a few small paragraphs. color copies

Tips for Printing Tracts

When you produce print tracts, there are several things to consider, such as the type of paper, and the style. Your budget will have a large influence on what type of medium you choose. The least expensive option is plain white or colored paper with black ink. However, if you want to make a bigger impact, consider using a glossy stock printed with color graphics. Make sure the text you have written will fit nicely on the page and in a manner that is easy to read. Remember the tip to create short paragraphs. If what you've written does not fit on a standard sized page or does not allow any space for extras like a border or graphic image, it is probably too long. Be ruthless in editing your work. Be sure to convert to a pdf before sending to a printer. This way, the availability of fonts and images will not be an issue. Remember to request a proof of the print job after the printer receives your file. If you are still unsure about the best look for your print tracts or if you have questions regarding the process, your printing company should be able to help. A company like Www.CopiesAmerica.com is more than happy to share their experience and expertise to ensure that your tract turns out exactly the way you want it.

 

Full color scrim banners are high resolution printed on a durable 13oz scrim material that last up to 6 months outdoors. All banners can have heavy duty grommets added allowing you to hang your banner with ease using bungee cords. 

Please upload your 100 MB or smaller print ready file. Acceptable file formats include: .ai, .eps, .pdf, or high resolution .tiff or .jpg. Typically 300 dpi or higher resolution files work best.. 

Don't see the size you're looking for, call us today for a custom quote. 

These are great for sporting events, sponsorship, trade shows, competitions, pageants, and any other event where you need your company name big and bold! 

Great for Stores, Festivals, and Social Events

***************************************************************

There are many organizations that may have need of printing scripts on a regular basis, even outside of a Hollywood studio. Consider exactly what a script is and what industries regularly use them.

Scripts Are More than Just Computer Code

These days, most people hear the term "script" and think of a sequence of coding for computer applications. But for those businesses involved in theatrical productions, entertainment, or providing call center services, a script is a written document. In the entertainment industry, scripts are also referred to as screenplays. For films, scripts are written in a particular style and printed in a specific format. They generally use Courier 12 point font and the amount of text on each page equates to one minute of screen time. Each page of a script includes both action and dialogue. A shooting script also provides scene numbers and stage directions. In addition to film production, the performers of live entertainment, such as theatrical productions or reenactments, also require scripts. A printed script is the best way to memorize and keep an actor's lines straight. Running through the scripts also provides a way to determine proper timing. A script can also be considered a manuscript, that is, a written document used in publishing or academia. These documents are generally quite extensive. Each application has its own standards for spacing, fonts, binding, etc.

Reasons to Professionally Print a Script

No matter the industry your company is involved in, a script is a document that is going to be used and reviewed by a lot of people, usually more than one time. The best way to ensure that it is going to hold up to all this handling is to procure the services of a commercial print company, such as Www.CopiesAmerica.com. No matter your budget, Www.CopiesAmerica.com offers a variety of options for printing. These range from simple and inexpensive to impressive and costly. A normal weight, white paper with black ink and simple comb or tape binding is the least expensive way to go. For screenplays, however, it is advisable to use better quality paper and a more secure binding to better withstand the rigors of repeated review. Make sure to use quality binding.   This can help editors get a good idea of what the book will look like in its final printed state. Any business that has regular need of printing scripts is best advised to find a good quality, reliable printer that can accommodate all their needs and do so quickly and efficiently. Working with a single printing company allows you to develop a relationship with people who understand your requirements. With Www.CopiesAmerica.com you can upload files online, saving both time and money. So try it today - you've got nothing to lose.

 

*******************************************

When it comes to quality commercial printing, not all copy shops or online color copy shops are created equal. There are many shops around that will gladly compete for and accept your business, but some shops are much better than others when it comes to meeting your color copy needs.

Learn about our Quality Commercial Printing

Size isn't the most important quality when it comes to finding a copy shop that is capable of serving your copying and printing needs. What matters most is that the shop you choose has the technology and the capability to meet the demands of you and your business or organization. Whether you need a small shop that offers brochure printing and other brochure print services or something a little more full service, including digital print services and color photocopying, you need to choose a copying and printing service that can grow along with your business. In other words, you want a copying service that is just as interested in keep up with the industry as your business and/or organization is.

There are plenty of great ways to find a quality commercial printing business that is local to you. The thing most people do, unfortunately, is to go to the local phone book, sift through until they find a listing and then go with the first one that comes along. While this may be time saving on the front end, it is definitely not the best way to do business, especially when attempting to find a business that essentially represents your organization.

Looking for a brochure printing company, brochure print services and other resources?

What you should do is have a few questions that you will ask of them all. This will work as a sort of litmus test. Those that do not have the time to answer your questions are obviously too busy to treat you with the respect you deserve as a customer. Those that answer your questions and make you feel as though your business is important to them, but do not offer the full range of services you need, may not be the best choice even though they are dedicated to good customer service. Questions may include: Do you have online business printing services? Do you provide cheap online brochure printing? Do you have inexpensive color copying services? What does copying papers cost? And with the answers to your various questions, a conclusion to whether or not the copy shop is a right fit for you, and your wallet.

The business you should choose to work with is the one that not only answers your questions and makes you feel important, but also that offers the full range of services you need today, as well as the services that you do not yet need but hope to in the future. These services can range from a proper color copy center and color brochure printing, to digital online printing services, to online printers. This is an organization that can help you grow your business, as well as one with which you can build a lasting relationship.

In the beginning, your business or organization may need cheap color copy services more than anything else. However, in the future you may move on to needing catalog print services, flyer printing services and brochure printing services. Whatever your needs may be today, chances are good that your needs will change and grow over time. Hopefully your business will grow and as a result your needs in a copy service and printing shop will expand as well. So whether you need cheap copying service in Baltimore or mobile photocopy services in Los Angeles, Ca, the best way to insure that you will not face the need to change printing services is to go with quality commercial printing from the very beginning.

 

*******************************************************

If you are considering printing flyers as a way to advertise the goods or services offered by your company, review these tips and receive a bit of information about flyers in general.

What is a Flyer?

First, let's consider exactly what constitutes a flyer, as opposed to a pamphlet or circular. Fliers are sometimes called a handbill. This is in reference to their normal use, which is as a form of advertisement for goods or services. Flyers have been around for centuries in one form or another. As a promotional tool, flyers don't really target a specific audience, except perhaps, as distributed to a particular physical location, such as a neighborhood. Often they are distributed by hand, taped to street signs or tacked to telephone poles or even inserted beneath the windshield wipers of parked cars. Some companies choose to have their sales people take them out on calls and offer them to clients or hand out at community events. Another option is to mail them as either self-mailers or in envelopes. Many times, flyers can be found at the local grocery store or other shops on a bulletin board for the express purpose of sharing information.

Considerations for Printing Flyers

Flyers are always printed on a single page; any more and it would be considered a pamphlet or brochure. There is really no limit to size (unless you get into poster size, which makes the cost of production and printing higher). Choices include a full page, half page, or very small, credit card size. Most flyer printing services should be able to offer a variety of options as to the color, weight, and style of paper used. If cost is a consideration, the cheapest option is to print on plain white, lightweight paper. For the best quality fliers, consider using a glossy or heavyweight paper stock in an eye catching color. You can also add graphics printed in four-color ink.

Flyers Are a Low-Cost Form of Advertising

Printing flyers is one of the cheapest methods a company can use to advertise or promote. It is far less expensive that placing an ad in a newspaper or magazine. A flyer print job is considered a "short run". For the best deal, try using a service to print flyers online. Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one printer that offers production in one business day, free standard shipping and a price much lower than competitors like Staples, Kinkos-FedEx, or even Vistaprint. And the process is really easy.?Simply create your file and upload it online. This saves both time and money. If your company has slashed its marketing budget, why not consider printing flyers as a form of effective, yet low-cost advertising? With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. You've got nothing to lose and everything to gain. color copies

 

****************************************************

Postcards

Full color postcard mailers give you the ability to make a statement with not only words but with a high impact image to get the customer's attention. Statistics show that you have 3 seconds to make an impression. The average receiver of a postcard views it for 3 seconds before they make a decision on whether or not they are interested in the product you are offering. In full color, you can give them that full color glossy impact image that will force the potential customer to read the information on what you are offering.

Postcards Printed on a Premium Card Stock Paper

UV Coating options available

Low Prices, Fast Turnaround

Turn any Postcard to a Direct Mail by adding mailing service and postage color copies

Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one printer that offers production in one business day, free standard shipping and a price much lower than our competitors, such as like Staples, Kinkos-FedEx, or even Vistaprint. If your company has slashed its marketing budget, why not consider printing Postcards as a form of effective, yet low-cost advertising? With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. 

Now you can get an instant quote right now, and order for delivery to your door!

Why is Www.CopiesAmerica.com right for you? Www.CopiesAmerica.com was started with the idea that good quality color printing shouldn't cost a fortune. Our ability to offer high quality printing at a lower cost is primarily due to the tremendous advances in digital printing equipment, the fact that we offer both “offset” and “digital” printing, and our efficient production and quality control systems. At Www.CopiesAmerica.com we strive to provide the best discount digital or offset printing available AND to save you money whether your job is large or small!

Choose from many varieties of paper stock and finishes, to get the custom look your business needs or deserves.

The more exposure you are able to provide your intended target audience the more successful you will be in whatever your venture you are promoting.  The proper marketing is pivotal in the advancement of your promotion, being able to provide the appropriate marketing tool, in this case Postcards and developing your marketing strategy for maximum results.  Various examples of strategies are to provide offers to increase sales. In many cases, businesses do not only supply their products or services to be recognized, but they also offer other things for free. Another instance is to present a fundraiser offer. The point of this strategy is to help other organizations, such as schools, by offering them money.  Most companies implement this method not only to increase their sales, but to improve their reputation and image among the community. 

An important question to maintain is who exactly is your target audience?  Is a Flier what you are looking for?  Or maybe one of the many types of pamphlets, brochures, business cards, or another of our many options that would better suit your needs?

Check out more about them here: <insert links>

One thing to remember while designing your  Postcards is that they need to grab your attention, no matter who sees it- if you want your event to be successful you will want everyone to know! Remember to not be afraid to do something out of the ordinary, be splashy, and use bright colors. Try to get your most important information as large as possible- the core facts; who it is, what it is, when it is, and where it is! It needs to be read quickly and still stick in their minds.

Means-End theory suggests that an advertisement should contain a message or means that leads to a desired end-state. A popular model we have always found efficient is the Model of Clow and Back, this model provides a clear clarification of the objectives of an advertising campaign. The model postulates six steps a consumer or buyer moves through when making a purchase,

1. Awareness

2. Knowledge

3. Liking

4. Preference

5. Conviction

6. Purchase

* Postcards can be the exclusive advertisement need for your particular event, if you distribute them effectively and remember these few instructions*

Pick out the paper; keep in mind the importance of color selection and size for the maximum effect. If you will be wanting your flyers color copies, make sure you make a bold statement- instead of doing orange and black for a Halloween event use white and green, a contrast to all the other black and orange out there. Here are several tips to keep in mind while creating the most efficient flyers out there, follow these and whatever it is you are promoting with your Postcards will be a guaranteed success.

When providing the information for the Postcards  be sure to get all the correct information, a mistake in the address or misspelling can really cause the event to go downhill so always check that twice if not  those are still your foundation forßthree times. Who-When-Where-What  your Postcards. Those are the key facts that need to be heavily emphasized. Keep in mind to not clutter the flier either though, too much to read will cause a prospective invitee to pass it by.  Don’t leave anything out that could possibly be necessary either though, that’s what fine print is for.  A common mistake would be a restaurant who is advertising ½ priced appetizers for an event, to draw the people there for another event such as live music, to increase sales and therefore make a larger profit than usual- HOWEVER if you leave out *not applicable on to-go orders* then there goes your profit.  

Be creative; use your imagination with this, what would stick out to you if you were your target audience. Borders and or backgrounds are a great way to enhance your flyers and also have them stand apart from others. Catching your target audience eye is key- if it were a rodeo; begin it with addressing who would want to know about the event, like, Hey Cowboys & Cowgirls! Or a bluegrass event, Hey is your grass blue?  Whatever it is that will be clever and catchy. Standing out from all else and sticking in their minds is key, use large AND legible font, getting creative is important but keep in mind that it needs to be read from distance as well as up close.  Use a font that fits, but don’t overdo it, a Halloween font with blood or slime is easier to read than a spider-web covered block of letters.  Usually we recommend no more than 3 fonts, depending on the usage.  Such as your important information featuring the facts, certainly use something that stands out, but the smaller information with the same font would be un-intelligible. Use simpler designs for the smaller details.  In today’s society pictures or graphics are what really stand out, you can say so much in a picture that you would be impossible to say with words on the Postcards and also the image is what will stick in a majority of the minds that see it, if it were an apple festival you would certainly want to include pictures of those or use an apple tree to frame one side of the Postcards. When using graphics and images from online sources for your Postcards, make sure that they are not blurry on the page, inappropriate in any way, and legal to use under copyright laws. You may also want to change your margins from the 1” margin on all sides, which is typically a default setting, but on  your Postcards you may use more page space so a 1/2” or smaller is a better idea and every space counts! Always preview your finished product before sending it to us online please. This is crucial because even if our printer sees a mistake he doesn’t know if it is intended, and color copies

Lastly, develop a plan to distribute your postcards in high traffic areas that are most likely to have your most potential prospects. Places like cultural events, beaches, sporting events, bus-stops, anywhere near schools and recreational centers for children. With the advancement of today’s advertisement and promotional options, in a world full of pop-ups and 30 second ads it is easy for anyone to pass by your postcard unless you follow these tips and remember to place and distribute in areas, customers demand a right time and place for accepting and internalizing messages and only pay attention when and how it is convenient for them. Positioning is defined as the way by which you attempt to create a distinct impression in the customer's mind, by ensuring you follow these tips it will be sure to increase the value of your campaign and also attract the most potential consumer’s attention.

 

*****************************************************

Types of and Uses For Pamphlets

For any company that specializes in commercial printing, pamphlet creation and mailing is a simple job. Many organizations wish to use these small books as an effective and eye catching way to showcase a new product or advertise an upcoming event.

Defining a Pamphlet From a Printer's Point of View

When you ask a printer to create a print pamphlet for your company, it is generally assumed that this is going to be a booklet with a paper cover that is unbound, or without a hard cover. It contains fewer than 50 pages and usually contains information about a specific subject.

History of Print Pamphlets

The first reference to a pamphlet was during the Protestant Reformation. At this time, printed materials were copied and used as a way to disseminate information which was detrimental to the Catholic Church. This was also one of the first forms of propaganda. Back in the early days, copies of pamphlets were made be rewriting each by hand. One can only imagine the amount of time it took to recreate a single booklet. Printing pamphlets first occurred in England, Germany, and France in the early 1500s. The most common use at that time was for political or religious propaganda, although every now and then a philosophical treatise or work of literature was also created in this manner. Prior to the Revolutionary War, the United States began using pamphlets to incite political fervor. Most of these were written by Thomas Paine, known as the foremost writer of political pamphlets. Such a practice became known as 'pamphleteering' and this still exists in some form today. In fact, internet blogs are one form of modern pamphleteering.

Printing Pamphlets For Modern Use

Pamphlets are still used today. Most often, printed materials such as newsletters, flyers, and pamphlets are created in color as a way to allow a company to disseminate wide variety of information. Of course, many modern pamphlets are still being produced to relay political messages and propaganda throughout the world.

Printing Standards for Pamphlets

The most economical way to print pamphlets is on a standard-sized 8.5 x 11 inch paper stock. These pages will be folded down the middle, providing four sides which can be printed (with double-sided printing). Margins of zero ensure that the printing extends all the way to each edge. In printer's terms, a pamphlet job is considered a short-run print. The best companies offer same day service and can also mail the pamphlets after printing. This can be a very cost-effective way for businesses to get their information out to the greatest number of customers in a short amount of time. A company like Www.CopiesAmerica.com offers free shipping along with a printing pamphlet service. Fast, efficient, and professional, CopiesAmerica.com services companies from Charlotte, NC to Tampa, Florida. Contact them today to get your pamphlets printed at a reasonable cost.

 

*****************************************************

A brief history of Offset and Digital Printing color copies

Offset Printing

Offset printing can be applied to many different substrates and does not have to be paper. This is not possible with most digital printers.

Offset printing starts with an image which is burned onto a plate, then is transferred to a blanket which is usually rubber. The image then is applied to the printed surface. Water and ink are used to block the image from adhering so some areas while being applied to others. There are many more physical steps to lithography than there are with digital printing. However, even though digital printing has come a long way, most experts still believe offset printing allows for the finest quality output, and has a lower per piece price as the volume goes up.

Offset print machines were once steam powered monsters of the industrial revolution. Developed in the early 1900s, it used a process of applying ink with rollers each with a specific color, usually CMY and k. It is somewhat of a mystery with a number of possible origins. K stands for key, the key plate is considered the detail plate which enhances the contrast and depth of the image. Also, if B had been used it may have confused people with the color blue. Having letters unrelated to the actual color may have been a way to cut down on confusion by the printers themselves. It would be unfortunate to put down the wrong color during a print run during the days of steam powered offset printing. The origin of the four color process is an uncertian one, but CMYK has been the standard for printing for a long time and probably will be for along time to come.

Digital Printing

Digital printing has grown significantly over the past 20or so years, and is becoming the first choice among commercial print-for-pay businesses, like Sirspeedy, pipprinting, or kinkos. The advantages of digital are growing as the technologies get better. Currently speed on short run jobs is a major benefit. Consistency is improved and is approaching offset. It is much cheaper to print small jobs on digital printers or presses, however for high volume print jobs, offset becomes the better value. The larger the job, the lower the cost per piece for offset. Another advantage to digital printing is the ability to produce variable data printing. Variable data printing allows for customized products to be produced using a database and special software that allows areas of the print to be changed on the fly. If you have received any direct mail recently, you may have seen your personal name or some other information in a customized way which you may have not seen in the past. This is due to the advancements in variable data software and digital printers.

Due to the fact benefits of both digital and offset printing, it seems to make sense that offering both processes will bring the features of both technologies to customers. Variety in copy and print as well as quality, is a great thing to be able to offer.

A brief history of Offset and Digital Printing

Offset Printing

Offset printing can be applied to many different substrates and does not have to be paper. This is not possible with most digital printers.

Offset printing starts with an image which is burned onto a plate, then is transferred to a blanket which is usually rubber. The image then is applied to the printed surface. Water and ink are used to block the image from adhering so some areas while being applied to others. There are many more physical steps to lithography than there are with digital printing. However, even though digital printing has come a long way, most experts still believe offset printing allows for the finest quality output, and has a lower per piece price as the volume goes up.

Offset print machines were once steam powered monsters of the industrial revolution. Developed in the early 1900s, it used a process of applying ink with rollers each with a specific color, usually CMY and k. It is somewhat of a mystery with a number of possible origins. K stands for key, the key plate is considered the detail plate which enhances the contrast and depth of the image. Also, if B had been used it may have confused people with the color blue. Having letters unrelated to the actual color may have been a way to cut down on confusion by the printers themselves. It would be unfortunate to put down the wrong color during a print run during the days of steam powered offset printing. The origin of the four color process is an uncertian one, but CMYK has been the standard for printing for a long time and probably will be for along time to come.

Digital Printing

Digital printing has grown significantly over the past 20or so years, and is becoming the first choice among commercial print-for-pay businesses, like Sirspeedy, pipprinting, or kinkos. The advantages of digital are growing as the technologies get better. Currently speed on short run jobs is a major benefit. Consistency is improved and is approaching offset. It is much cheaper to print small jobs on digital printers or presses, however for high volume print jobs, offset becomes the better value. The larger the job, the lower the cost per piece for offset. Another advantage to digital printing is the ability to produce variable data printing. Variable data printing allows for customized products to be produced using a database and special software that allows areas of the print to be changed on the fly. If you have received any direct mail recently, you may have seen your personal name or some other information in a customized way which you may have not seen in the past. This is due to the advancements in variable data software and digital printers.

Due to the fact benefits of both digital and offset printing, it seems to make sense that offering both processes will bring the features of both technologies to customers. Variety in copy and print as well as quality, is a great thing to be able to offer. color copies

 

*********************************************************

Thanks to the internet, ordering printing has never been easier.

Thanks to the internet, ordering printing has never been easier. Www.CopiesAmerica.com was created with the idea of using the power of the internet to allow print customers to purchase print work without the hassle of physically travelling to a print shop and trying to get across to the "press operator" the ideas that you would like to see in an analog format. Today, using advanced graphics programs, you can easily create exactly the documents or other products that you would like to use to promote your business, teach a class, or use for any type of purpose that you would utilize a print business for. No longer do you have to trudge a pile of documents across town in the rain, wind, or snow, and sleet in order to get quality commercial printing services or to look at a proof. Today you can simply send the documents you need copied with a click of a button and have them delivered to your door. Now that's convenience. Using an online printing company you can save fuel, time and hassle. I believe that if you will give Www.CopiesAmerica.com a chance, we will work harder than anyone to earn your business. We value your business as much as you do because we are just like many of you, a small business, just trying to provide for our families by providing a great product at a great value.

Whether you need printing, copying or full service commercial projects, you will find that you can get the quality you need and the personal service you desire just as easily online as you can at the local copy shop. In fact, if you live in a town that only has one name when it comes to copy/printing service, you just might find that friendly and personable are not as important to them as it is to you. Online color printing services offer a larger pool to draw from and you can take your time finding the company that works best for your specific brochure or flyer.

When you make the decision to go with an online printing service you are often making a decision to go with the best financial option for your newsletter production needs. In fact you will probably find that you are getting not only the most inexpensive, but also the highest quality color copy services in the business. Most local printing companies handle a lower volume of projects, operate at a higher cost and have more tax liabilities to consider when setting their prices. Going with an online service minimizes these expenses that are traditionally passed on to the customer.

Quality commercial printing is difficult to come by in the best of times. When you need good quality in a flyer printing company, as much as you need reasonable prices, it definitely pays to shop around. Sometimes the best bargains are right next-door but you'll never know until you've checked out the full range of competition, which includes the online competitors.

Just remember that the quality of the printing that is provided to you says a lot about the business of the ones doing the printing. For this reason you need to make sure that while keeping price in mind, quality is a key consideration. Selecting a printing service that promises quality and displays a strong sense of ethics is definitely a way to insure that your printing and copying needs are in good hands. If you trust your instincts when selecting a new copy shop you will often find that you've made a wise decision whether you choose an online printing service or one that is just down the road.

 

*************************************

How Www.CopiesAmerica.com saves you BIG money. color copies

Www.CopiesAmerica.com has a major difference in our pricing structure vs. our competitors that saves you BIG money on your printing. Www.CopiesAmerica.com is the only online printer that charges color for color and black and white for b&w for all print jobs. In other words, if you have a multiple page document or even a 2 sided flyer, with mixed color and black and white pages, other companies charge Color prices prices for the entire document. Www.CopiesAmerica.com only charges color prices for the actual pages in your document that has color, we don?t follow the unfair pricing practice of other printers and the savings to you can be huge.

For example, with other print companies, if you have a 2 sided flyer/brochure, (one side Color and one side B&W) you would pay the color price for both sides. Most printing companies charge much more for color printing than for black and white printing, so you pay much more than you should.

How much can I save?

If you have an 8 page newsletter with 4 pages of color and 4 b&w, other print companies would require that you to choose color or b&w for all the pages in the document. With Www.CopiesAmerica.com you get to split up the charges; 4 pages at the much lower B&W price and 4 pages at the color price which means huge savings for you.

Other Printers Price: $290.00
Www.CopiesAmerica.com price: $185.00

A savings of $105.00 WOW!!

How much can you save on your next project?

Go to our easy to use quote forms now to see how much you can save.

 

 *****************************************************************

Full bleed printing is where the printing goes all the way to the edge of the page.

Standard printing has a ¼ inch border around the edge/edges of the page. A printed document can have 1 edge up to 4 edges printed full bleed.

Most commercial digital printing machines do not print all the way to the edge of the page. Full bleed printing is achieved by cutting or trimming the printed document to the finished size. This requires the original document be designed with all edges extended ¼ inch beyond the finished size, and printing onto oversize paper. This allows for the trimming, without cutting into any design elements or text that needs to be retained.

Full bleed printing also needs to have visible crop marks. These are marks that let the printer know where the designer wants the document to be trimmed.

Example: If you want a full bleed, one sided flyer with a finished size of 8.5x11 (standard paper size). The original document needs to be designed 9x11.5. This allows .25 on each side of the flyer to be trimmed to a finished size of 8.5x11.

 

 

 

 

************************************************

Door Hangers

 

Door hangers can be an effective marketing tool for any kind of business. Unlike other types of print advertisements such as flyers and brochures, door hangers can be hung directly on door knobs, thus increasing the chance of getting noticed.

 

To ensure your door hanger stands above the rest, consider Www.CopiesAmerica.com for premium quality, vibrant door hangers.

 

Quality

 

Our door hangers are printed on premium, durable cardstock. Moreover, we only use the best inks as well as commercial-standard printers to ensure vibrant colors that really pop. After the die-cutting and printing process, we will your door hangers a finish of your choice. We offer an aqueous coating that produces a semi-gloss finish as well as a UV coating which produces a shinier finish. Whichever coating you choose, you can be sure that your door hangers will be durable, vibrant, and noticeable. color copies

 

Size

At CopiesAmerica.com, we offer a wide variety of door hanger sizes: 3.5"x 8.5", 4"x 9", 4.25"x 11", 4.25"x 14", and 9"x 22" with 9 perforations.

 

Pricing

The biggest advantage of ordering your door hangers from CopiesAmerica.com is our unbeatable prices. With some of the most affordable prices around, ordering with Www.CopiesAmerica.com gets you high-quality door hangers at rock bottom prices. Furthermore, the more you order, the lower the cost!

 

Because door hangers must be hung manually, using these as part of your marketing strategy will not only attract more business but also gives you a chance to make a personal connection with people- the key to expanding your customer base and keeping your current clientele satisfied.

Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one printer that offers production in one business day, free standard shipping and a price much lower than our competitors, such as like Staples, Kinkos-FedEx, or even Vistaprint. If your company has slashed its marketing budget, why not consider printing Door Hangers as a form of effective, yet low-cost advertising? With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. 

Now you can get an instant quote right now, and order for delivery to your door!

Why is Www.CopiesAmerica.com right for you? Www.CopiesAmerica.com was started with the idea that good quality color printing shouldn't cost a fortune. Our ability to offer high quality printing at a lower cost is primarily due to the tremendous advances in digital printing equipment, the fact that we offer both “offset” and “digital” printing, and our efficient production and quality control systems. At Www.CopiesAmerica.com we strive to provide the best discount digital or offset printing available AND to save you money whether your job is large or small!

Choose from many varieties of paper stock and finishes, to get the custom look your business needs or deserves. color copies

The more exposure you are able to provide your intended target audience the more successful you will be in whatever your venture you are promoting.  The proper marketing is pivotal in the advancement of your promotion, being able to provide the appropriate marketing tool, in this case Flyers and developing your marketing strategy for maximum results.  Various examples of strategies are to provide offers to increase sales. In many cases, businesses do not only supply their products or services to be recognized, but they also offer other things for free. Another instance is to present a fundraiser offer. The point of this strategy is to help other organizations, such as schools, by offering them money.  Most companies implement this method not only to increase their sales, but to improve their reputation and image among the community. Finally, there is a strategy called "team selling" that consists of conforming groups of people, the majority of them young, who go knocking the doors of different houses in a neighborhood. They do this in order to help companies promoting and selling their products or services, Door Hangers are a perfect marketing tool for this strategy! 

 

*****************************************

Small business owners often wonder if they really need the services that a commercial printing company has to offer. From online color printing to photocopy services, they offer a lot! The true answer is that you are never too small to benefit from these services. In fact, most small businesses find that printing and copying services that offer a full compliment of services are often the best suited to meet their needs as they grow and expand.

There are many benefits that go along with choosing a company that can meet your needs as they change. The first benefit is that they are likely to have experience dealing with a wide variety of needs. In fact, many of these companies deal with small business, big business, and all manner of personal and organizational projects along the way. They are in an excellent position to help you make wise decisions based on their experience rather than making rash decisions as a result of your limted research time. Experience is worth a lot in many books.

Quality commercial printing isn't always very easy to come by. Looking for color copying in Pittsburgh, PA or Wooster, MA or even in New York, NY, may feel like a challenge at times. This should make you curious; is a copy shop a good business? Most printing and copying services, that have managed to stay in business for quite some time, have had the foresight to forge ahead into new technologies, while not alienating existing customers. If you can find established catalog print services that continue to reach out to new clients then you've found a print service worth bringing your business to.

The long and short answer to the question of whether or not you need a commercial printing company, even if you are a small business, is yes. You most likely do need these services if you have plans of your small business growing over time and becoming larger than it is today. The reason you need a commercial quality printer is that you need a business to bring your business into the future.

You need a business that can meet your current printing needs, anticipate your future printing needs, and handle any unforeseen bumps as your business grows from one need to the next. Don't be short-sighted when choosing printing and copying services by going with the first cheap color copy service you come across. Instead, research the various services and see which one is in the best position to meet your business needs today and tomorrow.

A good printer that offers a quality product every time and excellent service will make a lasting impression on you and, in turn, will make a lasting impression on your clients. This will, of course, reflect favorably on you, which is the end result you are looking for. Can you see where finding a poor quality printer might have the exact opposite impact of what you were looking for? Choose a commercial printing company from the very beginning in order to put your best face forward when it comes to all of your printed materials.

Color printing is the reproduction of an image or text in color (as opposed to simpler black and white or monochrome printing). color copies

While there are many techniques for reproducing images in color, specific graphic processes and industrial equipment are used for mass reproduction of color images on paper.

 In this sense, "color printing" involves reproduction techniques suited for printing presses capable of thousands or millions of impressions for publishing newspapers and magazines, brochures, cards, posters and similar mass-market items.

 In this type of industrial or commercial printing, the technique used to print full-color images, such as color photographs, is referred to as four-color-process printing, because four inks are used: three primary colors plus black.

The "subtractive" primary ink colors are cyan, a bright blue; magenta, a vivid red-purple; and yellow; which are abbreviated as CMYK.

Two graphic techniques are required to prepare images for four-color printing. In the "pre-press" stage, original images are translated into forms that can be used on a printing press, through "color separation" and "screening" or "halftoning."

 These steps make possible the creation of printing plates that can transfer color impressions to paper on printing presses based on the principles of lithography.

An emerging method of full-color printing is six-color process printing (for example, Pantone's Hexachrome system) which adds orange and green to the traditional CMYK inks for a larger and more vibrant gamut, or color range. However, such alternate color systems still rely on color separation, halftoning and lithography to produce printed images.

Color printing can also involve as few as one color ink, or multiple color inks which are not the primary colors. Using a limited number of color inks, or specific color inks in addition to the primary colors, is referred to as "spot color" printing. Generally, spot-color inks are specific formulations that are designed to print alone, rather than to blend with other inks on the paper to produce various hues and shades.

 The range of available spot color inks, much like paint, is nearly unlimited, and much more varied than the colors that can be produced by four-color-process printing. Spot-color inks range from subtle pastels to intense fluorescents to reflective metallics. Color printing involves a series of steps, or transformations, to generate a quality color reproduction. The following sections focus on the steps used when reproducing a color image in CMYK printing, along with some historical perspective. Color separation process The process of color separation starts by separating the original artwork into red, green, and blue components (for example by a digital scanner). Before digital imaging was developed, the traditional method of doing this was to photograph the image three times, using a filter for each color.

The next step is to invert each of these separations. When a negative image of the red component is produced, the resulting image represents the cyan component of the image. Likewise, negatives are produced of the green and blue components to produce magenta and yellow separations, respectively. This is done because cyan, magenta, and yellow are subtractive primaries which each represent two of the three additive primaries (RGB) after one additive primary has been subtracted from white light. Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three main pigments used for color reproduction.

When these three colors are combined in printing, the result should be a reasonable reproduction of the original, but in practice this is not the case. Due to limitations in the ink pigments, the darker colors are dirty and muddied. To resolve this, a black separation is also created, which improves the shadow and contrast of the image. Numerous techniques exist to derive this black separation from the original image; these include grey component replacement, under color removal, and under color addition. This printing technique is referred to as CMYK (the "K" being short for "key." In this case, the key color is black).

Today's digital printing methods do not have the restriction of a single color space that traditional CMYK processes do. Many presses can print from files that were ripped with images using either RGB or CMYK modes. The color reproduction abilities of a particular color space can vary; the process of obtaining accurate colors within a color model is called color matching. Screening Inks used in color printing presses are semi-transparent and can be printed on top of each other to produce different hues. For example, green results from printing yellow and cyan inks on top of each other. However, a printing press cannot vary the amount of ink applied except through "screening," a process that represents lighter shades as tiny dots, rather than solid areas, of ink. This is analogous to mixing white paint into a color to lighten it, except the white is the paper itself. In process color printing, the screened image, or halftone for each ink color is printed in succession.

The screen grids are set at different angles, and the dots therefore create tiny rosettes, which, through a kind of optical illusion, appear to form a continuous-tone image. You can view the halftone screens that create printed images under magnification. Traditionally, halftone screens were generated by inked lines on two sheets of glass that were cemented together at right angles. Each of the color separation films were then exposed through these screens. The resulting high-contrast image, once processed, had dots of varying diameter depending on the amount of exposure that area received, which was modulated by the grayscale separation film image. The glass screens were made obsolete by high-contrast films where the halftone dots were exposed with the separation film.

This in turn was replaced by a process where the halftones are electronically generated directly on the film with a laser. Most recently, computer to plate (CTP) technology has allowed printers to bypass the film portion of the process entirely. CTP images the dots directly on the printing plate with a laser, saving money, increasing quality (by reducing the repeated generations), reducing lead-times, and saving the environment from toxic film-processing chemicals. Screens with a "frequency" of 60 to 120 lines per inch (lpi) reproduce color photographs in newspapers. The coarser the screen (lower frequency), the lower the quality of the printed image.

 Highly absorbent newsprint requires a lower screen frequency than less-absorbent coated paper stock used in magazines and books, where screen frequencies of 133 to 200 lpi and higher are used. The measure of how much an ink dot spreads and becomes larger on paper is called dot gain. This phenomenon must be accounted for in photographic or digital preparation of screened images. Dot gain is higher on more absorbent, uncoated paper stock such as newsprint.

Effective poster design depends on being able to quickly and personally engage with your audience, relaying your message in an impactful way. Design for a poster should be short, sweet, and to the point. When designing a poster, make sure to follow these tips below: Less Is More When designing a poster, you don't want to distract your audience with images and text that is unnecessary.

Keep your focus on your message, and allow the poster to naturally steer the viewers towards your intended conclusion. You want your poster to be read quickly, so keep your title as short as possible. Choose The Correct Font Keep your main text to fewer than 10 words and only one image. Any more than this can be confusing, and with a poster you want to design for simplicity. If more text is needed, use a smaller and different font to avoid confusion with the main title. Sans serif fonts like Arial or Tahoma are best for titles, while a serif font such as Times New Roman are easier to read at a smaller font.

To add emphasis to your text, use bold and italics. Use Big Designs A good poster is easily readable from at least 4 feet away. Thus, your image/graphics need to be very large in relation to your poster dimensions. Most of the time, a poster is seen while a prospective customer is in motion, so having a big and bold design will allow the customer to easily read your poster text and see your image or design at a glance. color copies

Choose Colors Wisely When designing your poster, choose a color scheme that will immediately draw attention to your poster. Pay close attention to contrast, using either dark text on a light background, or light text on a dark background. This will allow the viewer to easily see your poster and understand your intended message. Always remember that your graphics and images should compliment your color scheme. If you are unsure of what colors to use, consider using a color wheel. Define A Clear Call To Action Your poster should have a well defined goal, and should drive the viewer to your intended call to action.

Whether you want the viewer to visit your website, call your number, or to make a change in their life (like switching to Www.CopiesAmerica.com for all your paper needs), the intended call to action should be well defined and easily understood. Remember that when you design a poster you are designing for simplicity, so make sure only the most pertinent information is included in your design. A well designed poster easily conveys your intended message, and therefore can be a very effective marketing tool. At CopiesAmerica.com, we have everything you need to design and print a high quality, attractive poster for your business/organization. Visit the all new Www.CopiesAmerica.com today!

 

**********************************************

A properly written, designed and printed brochure can be one of the most powerful promotional tools. I would like to bring to your attention some of the common mistakes in brochure design, writing and printing, with some tips on how to avoid them.

Get a quote for our Brochure Print Services

One question to ask yourself is: What is the purpose of the finished product? There are only two functions for brochure printing and the design will depend upon which function you decide.

The first function of printing brochures is to attract attention. People need to want to know what else the brochure says based upon an attention getting headline. The brochure is intended to be exposed to as much of the target market as possible, and must play upon the emotions of the customer. It must contain short thoughts, plenty of blank areas and short paragraphs. It must also contain a call to action. This is something that requires the reader to do something. Make a call, clip a coupon, go to a place, buy something or make contact.

You want to get the reader's attention and get them to want more. Tickle their palate per say. Also, before you consider graphics for a brochure, always have your message written first. After all, you only have a certain amount of space to print the message. Another important question to ask is: What does the customer want to know from the brochure? Brevity is important when writing a printed brochure, but you need to express the wants of the customer. Try to paint a picture with the words that you use. After all, a picture is worth a thousand words. Think of the way stories are told and hold the readers attention. Also, include a customer benefit whenever possible.

In the body of the brochure, be sure to show that you understand the problem and are speaking directly to it. Don't speak about the product first, speak about the problem, then how your product solves that problem.

You may even want some of the brochure to be written by the customer or an employee. It's sometimes hard for a business owner to look at the product or the marketplace with a fresh pair of eyes. You may be surprised at what you get from an employee or from a customer.

Always assume that the customer will buy the item or take the action that you want. And never ask open ended questions. Whatever questions you pose, always provide the answer to those questions. Resist the need to list all of the important features of your product. There should no more than 9 or 10 lines per paragraph.

Do not have more than 3 sentences per paragraph and try not to indent paragraphs that have a space between them. Do not start sentences with numbers or use two spaces after periods. Page layout and word processing programs put the proper spacing after periods automatically. Do not use italics on your website after using italics in the sentence.

When choosing a printer for your brochure, be sure that the service provider understands what you want to say with the brochure. What are you trying to convey? If your message is about saving money, you may not want to use glossy/flashy paper stock or colors. Your printer will be able to make suggestions regarding color of paper as well as the feel of the different paper types. Don't forget to shop around for a commercial printer that will work within the budget requirements of your project. And don't be afraid to ask questions such as: Will the brochure be mailed out, hand distributed or be in a brochure rack. These may determine the paper that you choose. Also, will the brochure have a tear out and need to be perforated.

Does the printer offer discounts on large volume jobs? Is it better to use an online printer or a local copy shop? Online printers often will be the lower cost option, but it's often a good idea to request a printed sample, unless you have a track record of working with that particular provider. Do you want the brochure printed in black and white onto colored paper or color ink onto white paper. Gloss paper, standard bond paper or cover stock? Your printer will have many samples for you to see or the online printer may send samples to you. Nothing beats seeing and feeling the samples first hand. color copies

You may decide that after taking everything into consideration, you want to employ a professional graphics and printing team to make these decisions for you.

 

Brochures-

What is a brochure?

 

A brochure is (usually) made from a single sheet of paper, typically they are 8.5”x11” or 8.5”x14” tri-fold, but are in no way limited to these dimensions! We at Www.CopiesAmerica.com offer many choices in folds, sizes, colors and image options at the lowest prices in the industry! One of the key factors of the success of any marketing plan is to make sure your information reaches the prospective target audience. Be sure a brochure is what your business needs, we also offer various other marketing options to best suit your needs such as pamphlets, leaflets. flyers, business cards, and posters! 

To announce and educate about an event or program!

If a flyer or poster just doesn’t have enough room for everything you need your intended viewer to see, a brochure is the choice for you. Maybe there are many events, over several days or feature many sponsors?  A brochure is the perfect solution to being able to provide all the information needed to be relayed to your reader.

 

Printing flyers is one of the cheapest methods a company can use to advertise or promote. It is far less expensive than placing an ad in a newspaper or magazine. A flyer print job is considered a "short run". For the best deal, try using a service to print flyers online. Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one printer that offers production in one business day, free standard shipping and a price much lower than our competitors, such as like Staples, Kinkos-FedEx, or even Vistaprint. If your company has slashed its marketing budget, why not consider printing flyers as a form of effective, yet low-cost advertising? With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. 

Now you can get an instant quote right now, and order for delivery to your door!

Why is Www.CopiesAmerica.com right for you? Www.CopiesAmerica.com was started with the idea that good quality color printing shouldn't cost a fortune. Our ability to offer high quality printing at a lower cost is primarily due to the tremendous advances in digital printing equipment, the fact that we offer both “offset” and “digital” printing, and our efficient production and quality control systems. At Www.CopiesAmerica.com we strive to provide the best discount digital or offset printing available AND to save you money whether your job is large or small!

Choose from many varieties of paper stock and finishes, to get the custom look your business needs or deserves.

The more exposure you are able to provide your intended target audience the more successful you will be in whatever your venture you are promoting.  The proper marketing is pivotal in the advancement of your promotion, being able to provide the appropriate marketing tool, in this case Flyers and developing your marketing strategy for maximum results.  Various examples of strategies are to provide offers to increase sales. In many cases, businesses do not only supply their products or services to be recognized, but they also offer other things for free. Another instance is to present a fundraiser offer. The point of this strategy is to help other organizations, such as schools, by offering them money.  Most companies implement this method not only to increase their sales, but to improve their reputation and image among the community. Finally, there is a strategy called "team selling" that consists of conforming groups of people, the majority of them young, who go knocking the doors of different houses in a neighborhood. They do this in order to help companies promoting and selling their products or services, Flyers are a perfect marketing tool for this strategy! color copies

 

The origin of the term Flier actually dates back to the word Pamphlet, a small piece of text circulation that dates back circa 1387 as pamphilet or panflet. It was then popularized more so with the poem Pamphilus, seu de Amore- meaning “beloved of all”, this gave way to the idea of using a new way of circulation to distribute a small amount of information effectively.

 

One thing to remember while designing your flyers is that they need to grab your attention, no matter who sees it- if you want your event to be successful you will want everyone to know! Remember to not be afraid to do something out of the ordinary, be splashy, and use bright colors. Try to get your most important information as large as possible- the core facts; who it is, what it is, when it is, and where it is! It needs to be read quickly and still stick in their minds.

 

*******************************************

Www.CopiesAmerica.com was started with the idea that good quality color printing shouldn't cost a fortune. The lower cost we provide is primarily due to the tremendous advances in digital printing equipment. Typesetting and the creation of printing plates (used to apply the ink) in old fashioned offset printing equipment are largely responsible for the high costs associated with "traditional" printing. While there will always be a place for offset printing, good quality digital printers will do the job more cost effectively than an offset printer.These digital documents do not need to be typeset nor do plates need to be created when using a good quality digital printer.

 In order to insure satisfaction and a realistic expectation of results, http://Www.CopiesAmerica.comrecommends requesting a free proof of your job (or a part of your job) in order to offer an idea of what to expect from our copy and print services. Although a free proof may be provided, due to the limitations of digital print technology, we will not guarantee print quality unless we create the digital file and obtain written authorization from the customer to proceed with the production of the print job. We will do our best to print any file submitted within usual and customary print standards and within the limits of digital print technology.

. As a customer, you can shop from home or office, submit the job and then have the finished product delivered quickly to any location.

At Www.CopiesAmerica.com, we strive to be the best discount printer service that we can be. Our emphasis is always on customer service, and we depend heavily on word-of-mouth advertising to promote our business. We promise to treat your job as if it were the only one. We'll do it on time, and we'll do it right. Www.CopiesAmerica.com is a family owned and operated business that strives to always treat you like family.

http://www.copiesamerica.comwants to be your on line print and copy service, so we are now providing the Every Door Direct Mail service to our copy and print services menu. Www.CopiesAmerica.com will handle as much or as little of this new service as you wish from simple printing or copying to putting together the entire mail piece count, bundling the printed mail pieces and filling out the paper work for delivery to the post office. This is an extremely inexpensive way to send printed pieces to the areas that are most important to you. No need for a mailing permit or even exact addresses. Check out the new Every Door Direct Mail quote form coming soon. This is another way Www.CopiesAmerica.com will become your on line printer.

In an effort to be the printer of choice for you, Www.CopiesAmerica.com will soon provide professionally designed products that you will be able to edit with your own message, name, phone number etc. We will provide a variety of designs for brochures, business cards, banners, signs, postcards and almost every other printed product that you can think of for promoting your business using the printed medium. In fact if you are a graphic artist and would be interested in doing free lance design work for Www.CopiesAmerica.com contact us at support@www.CopiesAmerica.com. This is just another way Www.CopiesAmerica.com is trying to be your go to on line print and copy service.

 

 

**************************************************************

Spiral/GBC Bound DOCs.

Spiral or GBC bound documents are an inexpensive way to produce a manual or book when you want it to lay flat such as in a workbook. Many schools,training centers, and businesses use Www.CopiesAmerica.com to print their bound manuals.

Many Cover options and sizes are available, with a variety of colored spines. (If the color spine that you specify is not available allow 4 days for us to order special colors (Black is always in stock since it's the most popular color for spines)

Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one printer that offers production in one business day, free standard shipping and a price much lower than our competitors, such as like Staples, Kinkos-FedEx, or even Vistaprint. If your company has slashed its marketing budget, why not consider printing Leaflets as a form of effective, yet low-cost advertising? With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. 

Now you can get an instant quote right now, and order for delivery to your door!

Why is Www.CopiesAmerica.com right for you? Www.CopiesAmerica.com was started with the idea that good quality color printing shouldn't cost a fortune. Our ability to offer high quality printing at a lower cost is primarily due to the tremendous advances in digital printing equipment, the fact that we offer both “offset” and “digital” printing, and our efficient production and quality control systems. At Www.CopiesAmerica.com we strive to provide the best discount digital or offset printing available AND to save you money whether your job is large or small!

Choose from many varieties of paper stock and finishes, to get the custom look your business needs or deserves.

The more exposure you are able to provide your intended target audience the more successful you will be in whatever your venture you are promoting.  The proper marketing is pivotal in the advancement of your promotion, being able to provide the appropriate marketing tool, in this case Short-Run Posters and developing your marketing strategy for maximum results.  Various examples of strategies are to provide offers to increase sales. In many cases, businesses do not only supply their products or services to be recognized, but they also offer other things for free. Another instance is to present a fundraiser offer. The point of this strategy is to help other organizations, such as schools, by offering them money.  Most companies implement this method not only to increase their sales, but to improve their reputation and image among the community. 

An important question to maintain is who exactly is your target audience?  Is Spiral/GBC Bound Docs what you are looking for?  Or maybe one of the many types of pamphlets, brochures, business cards, or another of our many options that would better suit your needs?

Check out more about them here: <insert links>

One thing to remember while designing your Spiral/GBC Bound Docs is that they need to grab your attention, no matter who sees it- if you want your event to be successful you will want everyone to know! Remember to not be afraid to do something out of the ordinary, be splashy, and use bright colors. Try to get your most important information as large as possible- the core facts; who it is, what it is, when it is, and where it is! It needs to be read quickly and still stick in their minds.

Means-End theory suggests that an advertisement should contain a message or means that leads to a desired end-state. A popular model we have always found efficient is the Model of Clow and Back, this model provides a clear clarification of the objectives of an advertising campaign. The model postulates six steps a consumer or buyer moves through when making a purchase,

1. Awareness

2. Knowledge

3. Liking

4. Preference

5. Conviction

6. Purchase

* Spiral/GBC Bound Docs can be the exclusive advertisement need for your particular event, if you distribute them effectively and remember these few instructions*

Pick out the paper; keep in mind the importance of color selection and size for the maximum effect. If you will be wanting your Spiral/GBC Bound Docs color copies, make sure you make a bold statement- instead of doing orange and black for a Halloween event use white and green, a contrast to all the other black and orange out there. Here are several tips to keep in mind while creating the most efficient Spiral/GBC Bound Docs out there, follow these and whatever it is you are promoting with your Spiral/GBC Bound Docs will be a guaranteed success.

When providing the information for the Spiral/GBC Bound Docs be sure to get all the correct information, a mistake in the address or misspelling can really cause the event to go downhill so always check  those are stillßthat twice if not three times. Who-When-Where-What  your foundation for your Spiral/GBC Bound Docs.  Those are the key facts that need to be heavily emphasized. Keep in mind to not clutter the Spiral/GBC Bound Docs either though, too much to read will cause a prospective invitee to pass it by.  

 Be creative; use your imagination with this, what would stick out to you if you were your target audience. Borders and or backgrounds are a great way to enhance your Spiral/GBC Bound Docs and also have them stand apart from others. Catching your target audience eye is key- if it were a rodeo; begin it with addressing who would want to know about the event, like, Hey Cowboys & Cowgirls! Or a bluegrass event, Hey is your grass blue?  Whatever it is that will be clever and catchy. Standing out from all else and sticking in their minds is key, use large AND legible font, getting creative is important but keep in mind that it needs to be read from distance as well as up close.  Use a font that fits, but don’t overdo it, a Halloween font with blood or slime is easier to read than a spider-web covered block of letters. Such as your important information featuring the facts, certainly use something that stands out, but the smaller information with the same font would be un-intelligible. Use simpler designs for the smaller details.  In today’s society pictures or graphics are what really stand out, you can say so much in a picture that you would be impossible to say with words on the Spiral/GBC Bound Docs and also the image is what will stick in a majority of the minds that see it, if it were an apple festival you would certainly want to include pictures of those or use an apple tree to frame one side of the Spiral/GBC Bound Docs. When using graphics and images from online sources for your Spiral/GBC Bound Docs, make sure that they are not blurry on the page, inappropriate in any way, and legal to use under copyright laws. Always preview your finished product before sending it to us online please.

 

******************************************

A print release form is just one more instance when using a company like www.CopiesAmerica.com can save your business or organization both time and money. Whether you are concerned with corporate liability or are in the business of regularly printing press release copies for distribution throughout the country, professional printing can come to your aid.

Do You Need To Print Release Forms? color copies

There are many types of businesses which must require release forms be signed in order to avoid possible future legal action. These businesses include photographers, graphics artists, cover artists, producers, advertising and marketing professionals, and many more. In the United States, the minute any type of original work is created, such as a picture, a book, a piece of art, a photograph, or even computer code, it is considered to be copyrighted by its creator. Anyone who wishes to reuse these items or concepts must first obtain permission. As well, any photographs used for promotion which clearly portray an identifiable person require a signed release form before publication. Even if you go through the proper procedure to obtain rights, instances can occur when you are asked to prove you have written permission. This is when you will want to be able to produce a signed document. It is handy for a professional who runs into this instance frequently to keep a pad or file folder of release forms in duplicate at the ready. You just never know when you may need it.

When You Might Need to Print Press Release Copies

One way a company can disseminate information on events, expansion, products, or other newsworthy items is by writing a press release which is published in a periodical. This is a very inexpensive form of promotion that can potentially reach thousands or even millions of consumers who read the newspaper. The process of creating, printing, and mailing a press release to periodicals throughout the country can be quite time consuming. Many operations do not have the resources necessary to devote to this extra work. A better option is to use the services of www.CopiesAmerica.com. At www.CopiesAmerica.com, your press release will be professionally printed, and it can also be mailed directly to your listing of newspapers, saving quite a bit of manpower. This also creates the best image of both your release, and your company. When your business or organization has need to print release forms or to print press release copies, use the quick, easy, and professional option of uploading your file to the www.CopiesAmerica.com website. Most jobs can be completed and shipped within 24 hours at a cost far less than the brick and mortar store down the street.

 

*********************************************

 

Things to Consider

You might wonder what makes printing circulars different from other forms of written pieces. Is a circular the same as a pamphlet or a tract? The answer is no. By looking at the definitions of a circular, you might consider some ways to use them to promote your business.

What is a Circular?

There is an actual definition provided by the government as to what constitutes a circular: "A publication from a central government agency that contains a detailed interpretation of a particular piece of legislation or one that sets out an approach to policy?. In the private sector, a circular can contain several things. It can present information of popular interest in a technical or nontechnical form. Circulars can also be created in order to publish information that is administrative or scientific, and ephemeral in nature. This form of printed material might also contain advertisements or printed offers sent out as a direct mailing or as an insertion in a newspaper. No matter the information on the circular, print materials of this sort are always distributed free of charge.

Printing: Circular Considerations

Unless your circular is meant for only a handful of people to receive, it is going to require the services of a professional printing or copying company, such as Www.CopiesAmerica.com. Trying to make enough circulars to be distributed to a wide area, in-house, is not a good idea if you want the material to form a good impression on your target audience. Of course, one of the main considerations before deciding on how to print your circulars is the allocated budget. There are always inexpensive options, in addition to more elaborate printing which will cost more. What you hope to accomplish with the distribution of the flyer will be a large determination of how much you should spend.

Finding a Good Circular Print Company

Any printer you choose should be able to offer certain things. Good quality is the number one requirement of any company. But you may also need a rapid turnaround on your job. Check with the printer to be sure they can get to your job within twenty-four hours. Especially in this economy, many businesses need to keep their advertising costs in line. A printer like Www.CopiesAmerica.com can offer cheap alternatives to many of the bricks and mortar operations, along with free standard shipping. Now that's a deal! Of course, Www.CopiesAmerica.com can also ship to more than one destination. If your circular is going to be inserted into more than one newspaper, your needs will require shipping the printed material to more than address. If the circular is time sensitive and needs to go out by a specified date, consider selecting an option for FedEx or UPS expedited shipping services. It is easy to ensure your circulars made it on time by using the online tracking and delivery confirmation options with the package ID number provided by Www.CopiesAmerica.com. Accuracy is another important consideration. Would you want to deal with a printing company that has experienced more than its share of customer complaints? Probably not. Whether you work for a government agency or private corporation, printing circulars is an effective and inexpensive way to disseminate information or advertisements. There are many options for your completed product and Www.CopiesAmerica.com offers them all.

 

*********************************************************

 

 

 

How to prepare your document for printing. Most job delays and jobs being printed incorrectly are due to print files having problems which cannot always be fixed on the printers side of the process. The following instructions will apply no matter who you send your printing to, be it a local printer or an online print shop.

These rules also apply no matter if you send your digital print file via flash drive, disk, ftp server, email, or any other type of file transmission system. Usually the problems are the same problems that we run into time and time again, and as you will see, these problems are very easy to prevent by taking a couple of steps just before you save your file for or send the file directly to the print company that you use. Or upload to your printer.

This instruction is intended for the novice or professional graphics designer, and is intended to help reduce delays in production and more importantly, prevent jobs from being printed incorrectly due to the many problems which can happen when sending print files to a print shop, whether that print shop is local or online. Why can't my online print company print my native/original file type? Most commercial print companies such as Www.CopiesAmerica.com will accept many different file types, we do this as a convenience to our customer, however this is where many of the problems begin. Most digital printing is done on digital printing equipment and most commercial digital print equipment will only print PDF files. Pdf files means (Portable Document Format).

This is done in an effort to establish a standard programming system within the print equipment. It would be almost impossible for commercial print equipment to be able to create an accurate printed document from 100s of different types of graphic design programs. This means that at some point, the file has to be converted from it's original or native file format into a pdf file. Why can't my print company convert my native file to a pdf? If a customers sends us a native file, we ( your print company) has to convert the file to a pdf before printing it. This is when fonts get changed or lost, layers of files may look different when printed, or not show up at all. Entire elements of the native file may be changed or lost, shading changes, etc. Why does this happen?

This goes back to the fact that there are so many graphic design programs, with many different versions, years of production, updates, etc. Also there are hundreds of thousands of fonts, and special features of the many different programs. It would be practically impossible for a commercial printer to have every version of every graphic program ever made, with every font and special feature ever created. We would have to be aware of , own and use every version of every program ever made, and know which one to use when converting your file to pdf before we do the conversion, otherwise, there is likely to be a problem, which will usually effect the outcome of the printing.

Ok, How do we solve the problem???? The problems listed above almost never happen to customers who submit “flattened” or preflighted pdf file instead of the native file for printing. It is as simple as that. If print companies received properly prepared, flattened pdf or pre flighted pdf files with every print order, rarely would customers be disappointed with the print outcome, and the world would be a happier place. How do I preflight or flatten my native file type? Here we will go through the most current information that we have regarding flattening or preflighting a design file and converting it to a pdf. ALWAYS REFER TO YOUR MANUFACTURERS INSTRUCTIONS REGARDING PREPARING YOUR FILE FOR PRINT. This is not a “catch all” for every possible type of situation that can occur, it's just to get you in the right direction.

Here we will list common graphics programs in use today, and how to set them or save them as a PDF to your online printer (hopefully Www.CopiesAmerica.com) Word 1) Click the Microsoft Office Button, point to the arrow next to Save as, and then click PDF or XPS. 2) In the File Name list click PDF. 3) In the Save as type list, click PDF. 4) If you want to open the file immediately after saving it, select the Open file after publishing check box. This check box is available only if you have a pdf reader installed on your computer. 5) Next to Optimize for, click Standard (publishing online and printing). 6) Click Options to set the page range to be printed. To chose whether markup should be printed,and to select the output options. (Find links to more information on these options in the See also section.) Click OK. 7) Click Publish.

Publisher If the publication is to be sent to a commercial or online printer, do the following: 1) On the File menu, point to Pack and Go, and then click Take to a commercial printing service. 2) In the pane at the left, in the how will this publication be printed list, click the option that you will want. If you will be using an online printer, select Commercial Press or High Quality Printing if your printer uses digital print equipment. 3) Click Printing Options. 4) In the Print Options dialog box, select the options that you need. 5) Under Select an item to fix, repair any problems that Publisher has identified. 6) Under Export, select the Create a PDF check box. 7) Click Save 8) In the Pack and Go Wizard, select the location to which you want to export the file, and click NEXT. Keynote 1) Click File, and then click export. 2) Choose your settings then click next. 3) Choose a name for your PDF, then click export.

 QuarkXPress 8 Exporting a PDF To create a PDF using the export option: Choose File - Export - Layout as PDF. A dialog box will appear. Enter a file name, choose where to save the PDF, and specify the pages to export. If you’ve already created a PDF Style, then select it and click Save. If not, then click on Options... The PDF Export Options will appear. Change the settings to match those shown below Quark 8 has the ability to create single page PDF’ s for all of the pages at once. To do this, check the “Export pages as separate PDFs” box. Compression should be set to low. (Low compression means maximum quality) If you need to include a spot color, change the setup to CMYK plus Spot. Otherwise Composite CMYK should be used. Using these numbers for the registration marks should produce a PDF with a page size exactly one inch larger than the trim size of the project.

Now click the PDF Style drop down menu and choose New PDF Output Style.. Name the PDF Style and then click done. Select the new PDF Style and click on Save in the Export as PDF window. Next time you export a PDF, you can simply select the PDF Style because all of the options have been saved. Exporting a PDF as shown on the previous pages is one way, and printing a postscript to distill into a PDF is the second. If you wish to create PDF s using the second method, proceed on to the next second section. Use these settings to make a postscript file from Quark. You will then run that postscript through Acrobat Distiller to make a PDF. color copies

Beginning with the Device options, make your settings match these screen captures. If running a spot color, change the Setup to CMYK plus Spot. Otherwise, Composite CMYK should be used. Using these numbers for the registration marks should produce a PDF with a page size exactly one inch larger than the trim size of the project. Once all of the options are set, select New Print Output Style underthe Print Style drop down menu. Name the Print Style. All the settings have now been saved for future use Choose Adobe PDF for the Printer, and then click on the PDF drop down menu at the bottom left. Select Save PDF as Post Script... Name the file, and choose where to put it. Click Save. Click Print. Acrobat Distiller Now that you’ve got a postscript, it needs to be run through Distiller to make a PDF. If you have Acrobat Professional, you have the ability to set up watched folders in Acrobat Distiller. To set up a watched folder, use the short cut“command-F”(control-F on a PC). Click “Add” and choose the folder where you placed your postscripts. Distiller will automatically create “In” and “Out” folders. Move your postscript files to the “In” folder and Distiller will automatically create PDF files in the out folder.

InDesign Help/ Exporting to Adobe PDF Export to PDF for printing Exporting a document or book to Adobe PDF is as simple as using the default High Quality Print settings, or as customized as you need it to be to suit your task. The PDF export settings you specify are saved with the application, and will apply to every new InDesign document or book you export to PDF until you change them again. To quickly apply custom settings to PDF files, you can use presets. You can export a document, a book, or selected documents in a book as a single PDF file. You can also copy content from your InDesign layout to the Clipboard, and automatically create an Adobe PDF file of that content. (This is useful for pasting a PDF file into another application, such as Adobe Illustrator.) When you export an InDesign file to PDF, you can preserve navigation elements such as table of contents and index entries, and interactivity features such as hyperlinks, bookmarks, media clips, and buttons.

 You also have the option of exporting hidden layers, non printing layers, and non printing objects to PDF. If you’re exporting a book, you can merge identically named layers by using the Book panel. For information on creating accessible PDF documents, see Adobe InDesign accessibility. Export an open document to PDF for printing 1. Choose File > Export. 2. Specify a name and location for the file. 3. For Save As Type (Windows) or Format (Mac OS), choose Adobe PDF (Print), and then click Save. When you select the Adobe PDF (Print) option, you cannot include interactive elements in the PDF. To export an interactive document to PDF, see Create interactive documents for PDF. 4. Do one of the following: To use a predefined set of job options, choose a preset from the Adobe PDF Preset menu.

 To create a PDF/X file, either choose a PDF/X preset from the Adobe PDF Preset menu, or choose a predefined PDF/X format from the Standard menu. To customize options, select a category from the list on the left and then set the options. 5. For Compatibility, choose the lowest PDF version necessary to open the files you create. 6. Click Export (Windows) or Save (Mac OS). To reset options to the default, in the Export Adobe PDF dialog box, hold down Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) and click Reset. (The Cancel button changes to Reset.) Prepare layers before exporting a book to PDF When you export a book to PDF, you can show and hide InDesign layers in the PDF document. To avoid duplication of layer names in the PDF, you can merge the layers on export. If the Merge Identically Named Layers On Export option is selected, layer names appear under the same book name in Acrobat or Reader. If this option is not selected, layer names appear separately under each document name.

1. If you don’t want certain layers to be merged, give them unique names in each book document. Layer names are case-sensitive, so “Art” and “art” layers are not merged. 2. In the Book panel menu, select Merge Identically Named Layers On Export. Note: When you export the book to PDF, make sure that Create Acrobat Layers is selected. To select this option, you must use Acrobat 6 (PDF 1.5) or later compatibility. Export a book to PDF 1. Do one of the following: To create a PDF of the entire book, click in a blank area of the Book panel to deselect any selected documents, and choose Export Book To PDF in the Book panel menu. To create a PDF of documents within a book, select the document or documents in the Book panel, and choose Export Selected Documents To PDF in the Book panel menu. 2. Specify a name and location for the PDF file, and then click Save. 3. Either choose a preset from the Adobe PDF Preset menu, or select a category from the list on the left of the Export Adobe PDF dialog box, and then customize the options.

 4. Click Export (Windows) or Save (Mac OS). Reducing the size of PDFs For PDF files that are intended to be distributed for viewing purposes only, you may want to reduce the size of PDF files when you export from InDesign. Here are some of the size reduction techniques you can use in the Export Adobe PDF dialog box: Choose [Smallest File Size] from the Adobe PDF Preset menu. In the Compression area, down sample images to 72 pixels per inch, select automatic compression, and select either low- or medium-image quality for color and grayscale images. When you work with photographic images, use Automatic (JPEG 2000) compression; when you work with images that are mostly solid color, such as charts and graphs, use ZIP compression. In the Output area, use the Ink Manager to convert spot colors to process colors. To reduce the size of PDFs, simply open the PDF in Acrobat 8.0 or later, choose Document > Reduce File Size, and then specify the compatibility level. For greater control, choose Advanced > PDF Optimizer.

For more information on reducing the size of PDF files, see Acrobat Help and the Adobe website. To the top Adobe PDF presets A PDF preset is a group of settings that affect the process of creating a PDF. These settings are designed to balance file size with quality, depending on how the PDF will be used. Most predefined presets are shared across Adobe Creative Suite components, including InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop, and Acrobat. You can also create and share custom presets for your unique output requirements. A few of the presets listed below are not available until you move them—as needed—from the Extras folder (where they are installed by default) to the Settings folder. Typically, the Extras and Settings folders are found in (Windows Vista and Windows 7) Program Data\Adobe\AdobePDF, (Windows XP) Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Adobe\Adobe PDF, or (Mac OS) Library/Application Support/Adobe PDF. Some presets are not available in some Creative Suite components.

The custom settings are found in (Windows XP) Documents and Settings/[user name]/Application Data/Adobe/Adobe PDF/Settings, (Windows Vista and Windows 7) Users/[username]/AppData/Roaming/Adobe/Adobe PDF/Settings, or (Mac OS) Users/[username]/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Adobe PDF/Settings. Review your PDF settings periodically. The settings do not automatically revert to the default settings. Applications and utilities that create PDFs use the last set of PDF settings defined or selected. High Quality Print Creates PDFs for quality printing on desktop printers and proofing devices. This preset uses PDF 1.4, downsamples color and grayscale images to 300 ppi and monochrome images to 1200 ppi, embeds subsets of all fonts, leaves color unchanged, and does not flatten transparency (for file types capable of transparency). These PDFs can be opened in Acrobat 5.0 and Acrobat Reader 5.0 and later. In InDesign, this preset also creates tagged PDFs. Illustrator Default (Illustrator only) Creates a PDF in which all Illustrator data is preserved. PDFs created with this preset can be reopened in Illustrator without any loss of data.

Oversized Pages (Acrobat only) Creates PDFs suitable for viewing and printing of engineering drawings larger than 200 x 200 inches. These PDFs can be opened in Acrobat and Reader 7.0 and later. PDF/A-1b: 2005 (CMYK and RGB) (Acrobat only) Used for long-term preservation (archival) of electronic documents. PDF/A 1b uses PDF 1.4 and converts all colors to either CMYK or RGB, depending on which standard you choose. These PDFs can be opened in Acrobat and Reader versions 5.0 and later. PDF/X 1a (2001 and 2003) PDF/X 1a requires all fonts to be embedded, the appropriate marks and bleeds to be specified, and color to appear as CMYK, spot colors, or both. Compliant files must contain information describing the printing condition for which they are prepared. PDF files created with PDF/X 1a compliance can be opened in Acrobat 4.0 and Acrobat Reader 4.0 and later. PDF/X 1a uses PDF 1.3, down samples color and gray scale images to 300 ppi and monochrome images to 1200 ppi, embeds subsets of all fonts, creates untagged PDF s, and flattens transparency using the High Resolution setting. note: The PDF/X1 a:2003 and PDF/X 3 (2003) presets are placed on your computer during installation but are not available until you move them from the Extras folder to the Settings folder. PDF/X-3 This preset creates a PDF based on the ISO standard PDF/X-3:2002.

The PDF created in this setting can be opened in Acrobat 4.0 and Acrobat Reader 4.0 or later. PDF/X 4 (2008) This preset creating ISO PDF/X-4:2008 files supports live transparency (transparency is not flattened) and ICC color management. PDF files exported with this preset are in PDF 1.4 format. Images are down sampled and compressed and fonts are embedded in the same manner as with the PDF/X-1a and PDF/X-3 settings. You can create PDF/X-4:2008 compliant PDF files directly from Creative Suite 4 and 5 components including Illustrator, InDesign, and Photoshop. Acrobat 9 Pro provides facilities to validate and preflight PDF files for PDF/X-4:2008 compliance as well as convert non-PDF/X files to PDF/X-4:2008 if possible. Adobe recommends PDF/X-4:2008 as the optimal PDF file format for reliable PDF print publishing work flows.

Press Quality Creates PDF files for high-quality print production (for example, for digital printing or for separations to an image setter or plate setter), but does not create files that are PDF/X-compliant. In this case, the quality of the content is the highest consideration. The objective is to maintain all the information in a PDF file that a commercial printer or print service provider needs in order to print the document correctly. This set of options uses PDF 1.4, converts colors to CMYK, downsamples color and grayscale images to 300 ppi and monochrome images to 1200 ppi, embeds subsets of all fonts, and preserves transparency (for file types capable of transparency). These PDF files can be opened in Acrobat 5.0 and Acrobat Reader 5.0 and later. Note: Before creating an Adobe PDF file to send to a commercial printer or print service provider, find out what the output resolution and other settings should be, or ask for a .joboptions file with the recommended settings. You might need to customize the Adobe PDF settings for a particular provider and then provide a .joboptions file of your own. Rich Content PDF Creates accessible PDF files that include tags, hyperlinks, bookmarks, interactive elements, and layers. color copies

This set of options uses PDF 1.5 and embeds subsets of all fonts. It also optimizes files for byte serving. These PDF files can be opened in Acrobat 6.0 and Adobe Reader 6.0 and later. (The Rich Content PDF preset is in the Extras folder.) note: This preset was called eBook in earlier versions of some applications. Smallest File Size Creates PDF files for displaying on the web, an intranet, or for email distribution. This set of options uses compression, downsampling, and a relatively low image resolution. It converts all colors to sRGB and embeds fonts. It also optimizes files for byte serving.

For best results, avoid using this preset if you intend to print the PDF file. These PDF files can be opened in Acrobat 5.0 and Acrobat Reader 5.0 and later. Magazine Ads 2006 (Japan) This preset creates a PDF based on the creation rules designed by Digital Data Delivery committee. Standard (Acrobat only) Creates PDF files to be printed to desktop printers or digital copiers, published on a CD, or sent to a client as a publishing proof. This set of options uses compression and downsampling to keep the file size down, but also embeds subsets of all (allowed) fonts used in the file, converts all colors to sRGB, and prints to a medium resolution. Note that Windows font subsets are not embedded by default. PDF files created with this settings file can be opened in Acrobat 5.0 and Acrobat Reader 5.0 and later. For more information about shared PDF settings for Creative Suite components, see the PDF Integration Guide on the Creative Suite DVD. To the top Customize Adobe PDF presets Although the default PDF presets are based on best practices, you may discover that your workflow, or perhaps your printer’s workflow, requires specialized PDF settings that aren’t available via any of the built in presets.

 If this is the case, you or your service provider can create custom presets. Adobe PDF presets are saved as .joboptions files. 1. Choose File > Adobe PDF Presets > Define. 2. Do one of the following: To create a new preset, click New. If you want to base the new preset on an existing preset, select the preset first. Set PDF options, and click OK. (See Adobe PDF presets.) To edit an existing custom preset, select the preset and click Edit. (You cannot edit the default presets.) Set PDF options, and click OK. To delete a preset, select it and click Delete. To save a preset in a location other than the default Settings folder in the Adobe PDF folder, select it and click Save As. Specify a location and click Save. Alternatively, you can create a custom preset when you save a PDF file by clicking Save Preset at the bottom of the Export Adobe PDF dialog box. Enter a name for the preset and click OK. To the top Load Adobe PDF presets New PDF presets (.joboptions files) that you create are stored in the Settings folder in the following locations: Windows XP Documents and Settings\[username]\Application Data\Adobe\Adobe PDF Windows Vista and Windows 7 Users\[username]\AppData\Roaming\Adobe\Adobe PDF Mac OS User/[username]/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Adobe PDF These presets automatically appear in the Adobe PDF Presets menu. Supplementary InDesign PDF presets are installed in the system’s Adobe PDF\Extras folder. Use your system search utility to locate additional .joboptions files. You may also receive custom PDF presets from service providers and colleagues.

For these presets to be listed in the Adobe PDF Presets menu, they must be moved to the Settings folder either manually or by using the Load command. Load PDF presets The Load command is useful if you want to load PDF presets that someone sent you, or to load PDF presets from InDesign CS2. 1. Choose File > Adobe PDF Presets > Define. 2. Click Load and select the .joboptions file you want to load. The .joboptions file is copied to the Settings folder where new PDF presets are stored. To make a .joboptions file available in the Adobe PDF Presets menu, you can also drag it to the Settings folder where your PDF presets are stored.

Convert PDF presets from InDesign CS InDesign CS and earlier export PDF presets with .pdfs extensions, while InDesign CS2 and later export PDF presets with .joboptions extensions. Importing a PDFS file converts it to a .joboptions file, and overrides settings as necessary. For example, if Monitor RGB was selected as the destination profile in the Output area in InDesign CS, it is automatically changed to Document RGB in InDesign CS4. 1. Choose File > Adobe PDF Presets > Define. 2. Click Load. 3. Choose Previous-version PDF Settings Files (.pdfs) from the Files Of Type menu (Windows) or All Files from the Enable menu (Macintosh). 4. Double-click the file you want to convert. The file becomes selected in the list of Adobe PDF presets. To the top Background Tasks panel With the ability to export PDF files in the background, you can continue working on your document instead of waiting until InDesign is done exporting. You can also queue up multiple PDF exports in the background.

Use the Background Tasks panel to view the progress of the export processes. 1. Export one or more documents to Adobe PDF. 2. To view the progress, choose Window > Utilities > Background Task Adobe Illustrator About Adobe PDF Portable Document Format (PDF) is a universal file format that preserves the fonts, images, and layout of source documents created on a wide range of applications and platforms. Adobe PDF is the standard for the secure, reliable distribution and exchange of electronic documents and forms around the world. Adobe PDF files are compact and complete, and can be shared, viewed, and printed by anyone with free Adobe Reader® software. Adobe PDF is highly effective in print publishing workflows. By saving a composite of your artwork in Adobe PDF, you create a compact, reliable file that you or your service provider can view, edit, organize, and proof. Then, at the appropriate time in the workflow, your service provider can either output the Adobe PDF file directly, or process it using tools from various sources for such post-processing tasks as preflight checks, trapping, imposition, and color separation. When you save in Adobe PDF, you can choose to create a PDF/X-compliant file.

PDF/X (Portable Document Format Exchange) is a subset of Adobe PDF that eliminates many of the color, font, and trapping variables that lead to printing problems. PDF/X may be used wherever PDFs are exchanged as digital masters for print production—whether at the creation or output stage of the workflow, as long as the applications and output devices support PDF/X. Adobe PDFs can solve the following problems associated with electronic documents: Common problem Adobe PDF solution Recipients can't open files because they don't have the applications used to create the files. Anyone, anywhere can open a PDF. All you need is the free Adobe Reader software. Combined paper and electronic archives are difficult to search, take up space, and require the application in which a document was created. PDFs are compact and fully searchable, and can be accessed at any time using Reader. Links make PDFs easy to navigate. Documents appear incorrectly on handheld devices.

Tagged PDFs allow text to reflow for display on mobile platforms such as Palm OS®, Symbian™, and Pocket PC® devices. Documents with complex formatting are not accessible to visually impaired readers. Tagged PDFs contain information on content and structure, which makes them accessible on-screen readers. To the top Create Adobe PDF files You can create different types of PDF files from within Illustrator. You can create multipage PDFs, layered PDFs, and PDF/x compliant files. Layered PDFs allow you to save one PDF with layers that can be used in different contexts. PDF/X compliant files ease the burden of color, font, and trapping issues. For a video on creating PDFs from Creative Suite applications, see www.adobe.com/go/vid0209. For a video on exporting to PDF 1.7 for review or prepress purposes, see www.adobe.com/go/vid0210. For a video on creating interactive PDFs, see www.adobe.com/go/vid0211. See also About Adobe PDF Color management and PDF/X options for PDF Color-managing PDFs for printing Create an Adobe PDF 1. Choose File > Save As or File > Save A Copy. 2. Type a filename, and choose a location for the file. 3. Choose Adobe PDF (*.PDF) as the file format, and click Save.

1.      Either choose a preset from the Adobe PDF Preset menu, or select a category from the list on the left of the dialog box and then customize the options. 5. Click Save PDF. To reset options to the default, hold down Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) and click Reset. Create a multiple-page Adobe PDF 1. Create multiple artboards in a document. 2. Choose File > Save As, and select Adobe PDF forSave As Type. 3. Do one of the following: To save all of the artboards to one PDF, select All. To save a subset of the artboards to one PDF, select Range, and type the range of artboards. 4. Click Save, and set additional PDF options in the Save Adobe PDF dialog box. 5. Click Save PDF. Create a layered Adobe PDF Adobe InDesign and Adobe Acrobat both provide features for changing the visibility of layers in an Adobe PDF file.

2.      By saving a layered PDF file in Illustrator, you allow your illustration to be used in different contexts. For example, rather than creating multiple versions of the same illustration for a multilanguage publication, you can create one PDF file that contains text for all languages. 1. Set up your illustration so that the adjustable elements (those you want to show and hide) are in separate top-level layers, not nested within sublayers. For example, if you’re creating an illustration to be repurposed for multiple languages, put the text for each language in a different top-level layer. 2. Save the file in Adobe PDF format. 3. In the Save Adobe PDF dialog box, choose Acrobat 8 (1.7) or Acrobat 7 (1.6) for Compatibility. 4. Select Create Acrobat Layers from Top-Level Layers, set additional PDF options, and click Save PDF.

3.      Create an Adobe PDF/X-compliant file PDF/X (Portable Document Format Exchange) is an ISO standard for graphic content exchange that eliminates many of the color, font, and trapping variables that lead to printing problems. Illustrator supports PDF/X 1a (for a CMYK workflow), PDF/X 3 (for a color-managed workflow), and PDF/X-4 (for a color-managed workflow with added support for preserving transparency as live rather than flattened). You can create a PDF/X compliant file during the process of saving a PDF file. 1. In the Save Adobe PDF dialog box, choose a PDF/X preset, or choose a PDF/X format from the Standard menu. 2. Click Output on the left side of the Save Adobe PDF dialog box, and set PDF/X options. Create compact PDF documents Illustrator CS5 provides the option to save a document in the smallest file size. To generate a compact PDF from Illustrator, do the following: 1. Click File > Save As and select PDF. 2. In the Save Adobe PDF dialog box, select the Smallest File Size option from Adobe PDF Preset.

4.      Make sure that you deselect the Preserve Illustrator Editing Capabilities check box to avoid saving the Illustrator resources along with the document. To the top Adobe PDF presets A PDF preset is a group of settings that affect the process of creating a PDF. These settings are designed to balance file size with quality, depending on how the PDF will be used. Most predefined presets are shared across Adobe Creative Suite components, including InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop, and Acrobat. You can also create and share custom presets for your unique output requirements. A few of the presets listed below are not available until you move them—as needed—from the Extras folder (where they are installed by default) to the Settings folder. Typically, the Extras and Settings folders are found in (Windows Vista and Windows 7) ProgramData\Adobe\AdobePDF, (Windows XP) Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Adobe\Adobe PDF, or (Mac OS) Library/Application Support/Adobe PDF. Some presets are not available in some Creative Suitecomponents. The custom settings are found in (Windows XP) Documents and Settings/[username]/Application Data/Adobe/Adobe PDF/Settings, (Windows Vista and Windows 7) Users/[username]/AppData/Roaming/Adobe/Adobe PDF/Settings, or (Mac OS) Users/[username]/Library/Application Support/Adobe/Adobe PDF/Settings. Review your PDF settings periodically. The settings do not automatically revert to the default settings. Applications and utilities that create PDFs use the last set of PDF settings defined or selected. High Quality Print Creates PDFs for quality printing on desktop printers and proofing devices. This preset uses PDF 1.4, downsamples color and grayscale images to 300 ppi and monochrome images to 1200 ppi, embeds subsets of all fonts, leaves color unchanged, and does not flatten transparency (for file types capable of transparency).

5.      These PDFs can be opened in Acrobat 5.0 and Acrobat Reader 5.0 and later. In InDesign, this preset also creates tagged PDFs. Illustrator Default (Illustrator only) Creates a PDF in which all Illustrator data is preserved. PDFs created with this preset can be reopened in Illustrator without any loss of data. Oversized Pages (Acrobat only) Creates PDFs suitable for viewing and printing of engineering drawings larger than 200 x 200 inches. These PDFs can be opened in Acrobat and Reader 7.0 and later. PDF/A-1b: 2005 (CMYK and RGB) (Acrobat only) Used for long-term preservation (archival) of electronic documents. PDF/A 1b uses PDF 1.4 and converts all colors to either CMYK or RGB, depending on which standard you choose. These PDFs can be opened in Acrobat and Reader versions 5.0 and later. PDF/X 1a (2001 and 2003) PDF/X 1a requires all fonts to be embedded, the appropriate marks and bleeds to be specified, and color to appear as CMYK, spot colors, or both. Compliant files must contain information describing the printing condition for which they are prepared. PDF files created with PDF/X 1a compliance can be opened in Acrobat 4.0 and Acrobat Reader 4.0 and later.

6.      PDF/X 1a uses PDF 1.3, downsamples color and grayscale images to 300 ppi and monochrome images to 1200 ppi, embeds subsets of all fonts, creates untagged PDFs, and flattens transparency using the High Resolution setting. Note: The PDF/X1 a:2003 and PDF/X 3 (2003) presets are placed on your computer during installation but are not available until you move them from the Extras folder to the Settings folder. PDF/X-3 This preset creates a PDF based on the ISO standard PDF/X-3:2002. The PDF created in this setting can be opened in Acrobat 4.0 and Acrobat Reader 4.0 or later. PDF/X 4 (2008) This preset creating ISO PDF/X-4:2008 files supports live transparency (transparency is not flattened) and ICC color management. PDF files exported with this preset are in PDF 1.4 format. Images are downsampled and compressed and fonts are embedded in the same manner as with the PDF/X-1a and PDF/X-3 settings. You can create PDF/X-4:2008 compliant PDF files directly from Creative Suite 4 and 5 components including Illustrator, InDesign, and Photoshop. Acrobat 9 Pro provides facilities to validate and preflight PDF files for PDF/X-4:2008 compliance as well as convert non-PDF/X files to PDF/X-4:2008 if possible. Adobe recommends PDF/X-4:2008 as the optimal PDF file format for reliable PDF print publishing workflows. Press Quality Creates PDF files for high-quality print production (for example, for digital printing or for separations to an imagesetter or platesetter), but does not create files that are PDF/X-compliant. In this case, the quality of the content is the highest consideration. The objective is to maintain all the information in a PDF file that a commercial printer or print service provider needs in order to print the document correctly.

7.      This set of options uses PDF 1.4, converts colors to CMYK, downsamples color and grayscale images to 300 ppi and monochrome images to 1200 ppi, embeds subsets of all fonts, and preserves transparency (for file types capable of transparency). These PDF files can be opened in Acrobat 5.0 and Acrobat Reader 5.0 and later. Note: Before creating an Adobe PDF file to send to a commercial printer or print service provider, find out what the output resolution and other settings should be, or ask for a .joboptions file with the recommended settings. You might need to customize the Adobe PDF settings for a particular provider and then provide a .joboptions file of your own. Rich Content PDF Creates accessible PDF files that include tags, hyperlinks, bookmarks, interactive elements, and layers. This set of options uses PDF 1.5 and embeds subsets of all fonts. It also optimizes files for byte serving. These PDF files can be opened in Acrobat 6.0 and Adobe Reader 6.0 and later.

8.       (The Rich Content PDF preset is in the Extras folder.) Note: This preset was called eBook in earlier versions of some applications. Smallest File Size Creates PDF files for displaying on the web, an intranet, or for email distribution. This set of options uses compression, downsampling, and a relatively low image resolution. It converts all colors to sRGB and embeds fonts. It also optimizes files for byte serving. For best results, avoid using this preset if you intend to print the PDF file. These PDF files can be opened in Acrobat 5.0 and Acrobat Reader 5.0 and later. Standard (Acrobat only) Creates PDF files to be printed to desktop printers or digital copiers, published on a CD, or sent to a client as a publishing proof. This set of options uses compression and downsampling to keep the file size down, but also embeds subsets of all (allowed) fonts used in the file, converts all colors to sRGB, and prints to a medium resolution. Note that Windows font subsets are not embedded by default. PDF files created with this settings file can be opened in Acrobat 5.0 and Acrobat Reader 5.0 and later. For more information about shared PDF settings for Creative Suite components, see the PDF Integration Guide on the Creative Suite DVD. To the top Customize PDF presets Although the default PDF presets are based on best practices, you may discover that your workflow, or perhaps your printer’s workflow, requires specialized PDF settings that aren’t available via any of the built in presets. If this is the case, you or your service provider can create custom presets. 1. Choose Edit > Adobe PDF Presets. 2. Do one of the following: To create a new preset, click New. If you want to base the new preset on an existing preset, select the preset first. To edit an existing custom preset, select the preset and click Edit. (You cannot edit the default presets.) To delete a preset, select it and click Delete. color copies

9.      To save a preset in a location other than the default Settings folder in the Adobe PDF folder, select it and click Save As. Specify a location and click Save. 3. Set the PDF options, and click OK. Alternatively, you can create a custom preset when you save a PDF file by clicking Save Preset at the bottom of the Save Adobe PDF dialog box. If you want to share your presets with a colleague, select one or more presets and click Export. The presets are saved to a separate .joboptions file, which you can then transfer to your colleague via e-mail or over your computer network. To the top Load PDF presets Illustrator comes with supplementary PDF presets (.joboptions) files. You may also receive custom PDF presets files from service providers and colleagues.  To load PDF presets into all of your Creative Suite applications, do one of the following: Double-click the .joboptions file. Choose Edit > Adobe PDF Presets. Click Import, and select the .joboptions file you want to load.

10.  If your graphic design program was not listed here, check with support for the product that you are using. PDFs are the most popular and common type of file for printing and will be for the near and probably distant future for all of the reasons mentioned in this article. Www.CopiesAmerica.com also offers a free digital proof, so you can see how your job will look prior to making payment for the job. Of course with a digital proof, differences in monitor settings will effect the way the print file looks on your screen, but if you are pressed for time and have some flexibility regarding the printed color, a digital proof will at least let you know that your design elements are in place, fonts are correct, gradients are ok etc. If you have more time you can always request a hard copy proof.************************************************

Printing Newsletters: Print An Effective and Inexpensive Promotional Tool

If you've ever wondered why newsletter printing services are cropping up all over the internet, wonder no longer. Newsletters are the original promotional tool. It is easy to create a very professional looking document which is both eye catching and cost-effective for any organization.

Get a Newsletters Printing quote

The Purpose of a Newsletter

The key benefit of regularly producing and distributing a newsletter is that it functions as a tool for ongoing communication between your business or website and your target market. The idea is to create familiarity with your potential customers so that when it comes time for them to order your product or service, your company name will be at the forefront of their mind.

Tips For Creating an Effective Newsletter

The one thing to keep in mind is that for newsletters to be effective, they must be habitually produced. It is not worthwhile to create one and then give up on the idea. Come up with a schedule of distribution that is frequent and regular. The information in the newsletter should be both relevant and pertinent to your target audience. No one wants to read three pages of advertising, but they will pay attention to information that is useful. Another key concept is to use color newsletter printing. The addition of color to a professionally printed document adds to the credibility of your company and catches the attention of the reader. It is also a way to indicate that your business pays attention to detail, which is always a good trait. Even if you feel that color is out of your budget, always use a service for commercial printing. Newsletters that are created on an inkjet printer tend to smear and look amateur, creating the wrong impression.

Additional Considerations

There are many things to consider before you begin using newsletters as a promotional tool. These include:

  • A title and format which will identify the newsletter as yours
  • Manner of distribution, will you mail the newsletter or have your salesmen deliver it on their rounds?
  • Who will be in charge of providing content for the newsletter? Can you find enough information to include in the first couple issues right now?
  • How much money will be budgeted to the project? Remember to include the cost for newsletter printing services.
  • What kind of information does your target audience want to read about?
  • Think about adding some extras, like monthly contests, coupons, or community service tidbits.
  • Decide on the tone of the content. Is it a better reflection of your business to come across as humorous, or serious?

 

There are many affordable options for newsletter printing services, making this a cost-effective promotional tool. With a newsletter, you are not just promoting your company and its products or services, you are truly providing some useful information to your customers. It is a win-win situation.

 

*************************************************

Manual and Booklet Printing color copies

While it's great to develop help files and training aids which are easily accessed on a computer, it is always advisable to also print a hard copy of these manuals. Not only does it create another form of backup, but it provides a document that is more easily portable. Particularly if you are going to create and distribute a large volume of manuals, whether instructional, training, or listing rules and regulations, using a commercial printer will save time and money. With an online printer like Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process of printing manuals is incredibly easy. Any manual stored on a computer's hard drive is already in a file which can be uploaded to the Www.CopiesAmerica.com website. The file may need to be converted to Adobe Acrobat format, but most are already saved as .txt, making this a snap. Commercial printing means you also have control over exactly how the manual looks and how it is bound. Those manuals which will get a lot of use and abuse will hold up best with a hard cover and rigid spine. Using standard-sized, plain white paper means this is still an economical option. When you are ready to produce your own documents, printing manuals at Www.CopiesAmerica.com is the way to go.

Manuals/Books

 

To ensure the drilling doesn't go into your content, leave a 3/4 margin on the drilling side.

Please note that binders will be sent separate from printed pages to ensure safe shipping so you will need to do the inserting.

Many companies use Www.CopiesAmerica.com for printing manuals which provide a variety of information. There are many uses for print manuals in today's society, even with the advent of computer-based documents

A manual refers to a reference book which provides instructions, information or help. Each manual refers to a particular topic or location. One type of manual is that which comes with a technical device. It helps explain installation, operation, and often overviews troubleshooting procedures and warranty terms. These are the pamphlets consumers receive with an appliance or other piece of equipment they purchase. Another form of manual is one used as a guideline for company policy and procedure, such as an employee manual created by the human resources department. Most often these are produced for the benefit of an organization's staff as well as ensuring that a company is in compliance with certain government-mandated rules and regulations. Yet another manual type refers to those which teach a particular way to do something, or provide an alternate method for a known procedure. These "how-to" manuals are quite popular as publications sold for profit and can cover a range of subjects from hobbies to life management.

In this modern day and age, many businesses may think they have no need for print manuals when most, if not all, of the information they and their employees need access to is located on a computer hard drive. For most people, however, it is much easier to learn by referring to a printed document. Employees who need to perform tasks away from their computer will require a printed copy of a manual to take with them. Company policy manuals are always printed; the usual requirement is that each employee sign that they have received it. This covers a business in the case of a staff member claiming ignorance when found doing something against the stated rules or regulations.

  Un Bound Manuals, Spiral and GBC Bound Books, as well as 3 Hole· punching is available for 3 Ring Binders are all available, as well as other options, if you do not see what you like, ask a helpful Www.CopiesAmerica.com team member

 

 

With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. 

Now you can get an instant quote right now, and order for delivery to your door!

 

Choose from many varieties of paper stock and finishes, to get the custom look your business needs or deserves.

The more exposure you are able to provide your intended target audience the more successful you will be in whatever your venture you are promoting.  The proper marketing is pivotal in the advancement of your promotion, being able to provide the appropriate marketing tool, in this case Manuals or Books and developing your marketing strategy for maximum results.  Various examples of strategies are to provide offers to increase sales. In many cases, businesses do not only supply their products or services to be recognized, but they also offer other things for free. Another instance is to present a fundraiser offer. The point of this strategy is to help other organizations, such as schools, by offering them money.  Most companies implement this method not only to increase their sales, but to improve their reputation and image among the community. 

 

 

 

********************************************************

Marketed with flyers in the past and the results weren’t exactly what you had planned? More than likely, your flyer lacked that certain "special something" to attract potential customers attention. Below are a few ways you can improve even cheap flyers and increase the overall return on your marketing efforts. Strengthen Your Design Lots of times, a company will use the same flyer design for multiple different marketing ventures. Try changing up your design to one that will demand attention from the viewer. It may be a good idea to hire a graphic designer who can give you a professional and unique design. A powerful flyer design will perform well and instantly be noticed by a consumer, which is the first step to increasing overall ROI from you marketing efforts. Use A Catchy Headline A flyer with a large headline will perform much greater than a Flyer without. Having an incentive-based headline for your flyer will greatly increase the results of your flyer marketing. Consider a coupon, discount, or a free gift, and use the headline of your flyer to highlight this incentive. If giving a discount or coupon is not in the equation, make sure your headline clearly states a key benefit that your service offers.

A flyer void of any major benefit for the consumer, will give them no reason to look at your flyer, and thus the perception there is no need to buy from you. Make Your Flyer Interactive When designing your flyer for marketing, make sure to include your website or a QR Code that a potential customer can use. If using a website, make sure that the URL you use is easy to remember, and easy to spell. Consider using a separate landing page for your flyer printing, enabling you to use analytics to track which hits to your site are coming from the flyer. This will allow you to determine the effectiveness of your flyer marketing, and help make tweaks to ensure future success. Distribute Wisely Understanding your target audience with distributing your flyers is paramount. Whether it be a community bulletin board, in front of stores, a rack/stand or a combination of many different areas, its is important that your flyers are placed in front of the right people, in the right place, at the right time. Knowing where your target audience goes and when they go there will greatly help your marketing success. Use Quality Products A flyer is only as good as its design and the quality of the final product. When printing flyers, it is important to use a solid, quality paper. A flyer printed on poor quality paper will make your design look bad, and the flyer will fall apart much quicker.

 Consider using a high quality card stock such as a 100# Gloss Card Stock from CopiesAmerica.com. The coated stock will ensure longevity of your flyer, and will help it stand up to the everyday wear and tear, and the gloss finish will help your design stand out and be noticed. Flyer marketing can be very successful if designed and distributed correctly. At CopiesAmerica.com, we have everything you need for all of your flyer printing needs. We offer a wide selection of paper types, sizes, and color options for you to customize your flyer to your exact specifications. With exceptional quality for cheap flyers at discount prices, go to Www.CopiesAmerica.com and start your flyer marketing campaign today!

It doesn't matter if you are printing volumes of commercial quality materials or something as small as a flyer, quality is the one thing that must be consistently high throughout the process. If you find a great flyer printing company, chances are good that you've found an ideal quality commercial printing outfit to be proud of working with.

 

************************************************************************

If you are in business it is quite possible that you know the benefits a great online flyer printing company can offer your business. If not, sit back and see for yourself. The beauty about flyers is that the costs involved in printing cheap color copy flyers and distributing them is very inexpensive. This is particularly true when compared to other options such as catalogs and brochures.

Get an instant flyer printing quote right now!

While it may be a lot less expensive to print and distribute your flyers yourself, you still do not want to skimp on copy. It is better to go with quality commercial printing rather than risk going with inferior service and losing potential customers as well as existing customers in the process. You only want the very best in the business to represent your business and its needs.

You want to plan carefully what your flyer is going to say. Don't bother repeating the same things that everyone else is saying about your business. Instead take the time to come up with something new and attention grabbing. You want people to read the flyers not pick them up and immediately throw them in the wastebasket. Once you have your attention grabbing headlines it's time to move on to finding stellar printing and copying services.

Looking for a good copy shop and other resources?

Without a doubt, price is important when it comes to your flyer printing company. It should not be the ultimate deciding factor though. The better the quality of your commercial printing company the more likely you are to win over potential customers, clients, and/or business partners. Whatever your goals are, you need to make them abundantly clear in the flyer or your efforts will be completely wasted. Not only will they be wasted if you don't make them clear, but also if you make the mistake of trying an inferior copy shop that drops the ball on your copy.

Ask questions, get feedback from other customers, see examples of their work, and ask for a proof copy before the remaining copies are made,ask who they use for cheap flyers. You want to be able to see the work for yourself. Find out what services they offer and see if the copy company in question would be an excellent candidate for growing along with you and your business. Long-term relationships in the business world are great for people on both sides. It is wonderful when you can work with a online print company year after year and know that you can depend on them for quality products, excellent prices, and service that can't be beat. This is the best benefit that most people find in selecting a great printing company the first time and never needing to experience the pains of breaking in new people to handle your printing needs.

 

******************************************

Digital Printing is the reproduction of digital images on physical surface, such as common or photographic paper, film, cloth, plastic, etc.
It can be differentiated from litho printing in many ways, some of which are:

  • Every impression made onto the paper can be different, as opposed to making several hundred or thousand impressions of the same thing from one set of plates, as in traditional methods.
  • The Ink or Toner does not absorb into the paper, as does conventional Ink, but forms a layer on the surface.
  • It generally requires less waste in terms of chemicals used and paper wasted in set up.
  • It is excellent for rapid prototyping, or small print runs which means that it is more accessible to a wider range of designers.

Variable-data printing (VDP) (also known as variable-information printing (VIP)) is a form of on-demand printing in which elements such as text, graphics and images may be changed from one printed piece to the next without stopping or slowing down the printing process, using information from a database or external file. For example, a set of personalized letters, each with the same basic layout, can be printed with a different name and address on each letter. Variable data printing is mainly used for direct marketing, customer relationship management and advertising and invoicing.
color copies
The technique is a direct outgrowth of digital printing, which harnesses computer databases and digital print devices to create high-quality, full color documents, with a look and feel comparable to conventional offset printing.

Variable data printing enables the mass customization of documents via digital print technology, as opposed to the 'mass-production' of a single document using offset lithography. Instead of producing 10,000 copies of a single document, delivering a single message to 10,000 customers, variable data printing could print 10,000 unique documents with customized messages for each customer.

There are two main operational modes to VDP. In one methodology, the document template and the variable information are both sent to Raster Image Processor (RIP) which combines the two to produce each unique document. The other methodology is to combine the static and variable elements prior to printing, using specialized VDP software applications. These applications produce an optimized print stream, such as PostScript and PPML, which organize the print stream efficiently so that the static elements are only processed once by the RIP.

There are several levels of variable printing. The most basic level involves changing the salutation or name on each copy. More complicated variable data printing uses 'versioning', where there may be differing amounts of customization for different markets, with text and images changing for groups of addressees based upon which segment of the market is being addressed. Finally there is full variability printing, where the text and images can be altered for each individual addressee. All three types of variable data printing begin with a basic design that indicates which sections can be altered and a database of information that fills in the changeable fields. Since 2005, the term TransPromo or transpromotional has emerged to cover the merging of promotional content and transactional print pieces by involving more business users in the printing process.

The returns for variable printing vary from double the normal return at the basic level to 10-15 times the return for fully variable jobs. This naturally depends on content and the relevancy of that content, but the technique presents an effective tool for increasing ROI on marketing campaigns.

Origin of the Concept

The term variable-data printing was first introduced to the printing industry by Frank Romano, Professor Emeritus, School of Print Media, at the College of Imaging Arts and Sciences at Rochester Institute of Technology.[citation needed] However, the concept of merging static document elements and variable document elements predates the term and has seen various implementations ranging from simple desktop 'mail merge', to complex mainframe applications in the financial and banking industry. In the past, the term VDP has been most closely associated with digital printing presses. However, in the past 3 years the application of this technology has spread to web pages, eMails, and mobile messaging.

Card stock, also called cover stock, is a paper stock that is thicker and more durable than normal writing or printing paper, but thinner and more flexible than other forms of paperboard. Card stock is often used for postcards, playing cards, catalog covers, scrapbooking, and other uses which require higher durability than regular paper. The texture is usually smooth, but can be textured, metallic, or glossy.

Card stock thickness is often described by pound weight. Pound weight is the weight of 500, 20" by 26" sheets. This differs from how text stock is determined, which assumes 500, 25" by 38" sheets. Most of the world used the term grammage to describe the weight of the paper in grams per square meter. The term Card stock is used to describe paper with weights from 50# to 110# (about 175 to 400 g/m² ). In the US, card stock thickness is usually measured in points or mils that gives the thickness of the sheet in thousandths of an inch. For example, a 10 pt. card is 0.010" thick; 12 pt. is 0.012".

Pad printing is a printing process that can transfer a 2-D image onto a 3-D object. This is accomplished using an indirect offset (gravure) printing process that involves an image being transferred from the printing plate (cliche) via a silicone pad onto a substrate (surface to be printed). Pad printing is used for printing on otherwise impossible products in many industries including medical, automotive, promotional, apparel, electronics, appliances, sports equipment and toys. It can also be used to deposit functional materials such as conductive inks, adhesives, dyes and lubricants.

Physical changes within the ink film both on the cliche and on the pad allow it leave the etched image area in favor of adhering to the pad, and to subsequently release from the pad in favor of adhering to the substrate (material being printed).

The unique properties of the silicone pad enable it to pick the image up from a flat plane and transfer it to a variety of surface (i.e. flat, cylindrical, spherical, compound angles, textures, concave surfaces, convex surfaces).

Page orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. The two most common types of orientation are portrait and landscape. Portrait orientation is where the height of the page is greater than the width, and is more common for the pages of books. Landscape orientation, where the width of the page is greater than the height, is often used for images and diagrams that need to be wider than a portrait page.

Page orientation is also used to describe the dimensions of a video display. The most common video display orientation is landscape mode, specifically known as the 4:3 ratio which is 4 units wide and 3 units tall, and the more recent 16:9 widescreen landscape display mode.Portrait screen orientation does exist for computers, but is not in popular usage. Portrait is preferred for editing page-layout work in order to view the entire page on the screen at once without wasted space along the sides.

 

***********************************************

When you it comes to your business or organization and your copy needs, you need the copy shop that is going to offer the most bang for your buck. You also need the one that is going to meet all of your copy and printing needs. Finding the right service for this critical function can make all the difference, when it comes to meeting your printing and copying needs.

Price

The very first thing you need, in most instances, is a cheap color copy service that fits within your budget constraints. In this instance cheap, by no means indicates inferior, only inexpensive. For example: Cheap copies in Ohio only means that the service is inexpensive, the cheap does not dictate anything concerning the quality of the serivce. Price is a consideration in all businesses and even more of a consideration when it comes to charitable organizations that are operating on limited funds and donations. Find a copying service that is going to fit within your budget first and foremost and then find the service that is going to meet your other copying needs.

Quality

Quality commercial printing is very important for those in the world of business. Whenever you utilize printing and copying services you are attaching your name to the product they produce. You do not want your name associated with inferior copy. In other words, make sure that you are getting the best service for your money. Whether your business is in Portland, OR, Twin Cities, MN or Columbus, OH, you should expect your online copier to provide top-notch quality.

Servicecolor copies

There is one thing you can't really say enough good things about and that is service. It seems to be more and more difficult to come by, but when you get good service you always come back for more. Choose a copy shop that offers the best when it comes to customer service and you are much more likely to be pleased, not only with the results, but also the overall experience.

Convenience

One thing that people often overlook, as a benefit, is convenience. Finding a printing service that is convenient is finding one that is worth its weight in gold. Whether you need catalog printing services, newsletter printing services, or brochure printing services, it is worth every penny to find a service that will make the process as painless as possible for you. When you find such a company you will never want to go with another.

Options

One thing that everyone wants is options. Your want options with your meals, with your drinks and in your commercial printing and copying. Quite simply put, you want the most options when it comes to color, font, size and shape that are available. You want options for binding as well as the option to order as few or as many copies of your product as you would like. Find a company that offers options and you are likely to find a company that will work well for you.

A good quality commercial printing company is not the easiest thing in the world to find. If you pay attention to the points mentioned above and find a company that meets all of these requirements, you should have a great printing and copying service to work with for a long time to come. If your current copy shop isn't meeting all of your printing and copying needs, isn't it time you find one that can meet and exceed your expectations?

 

****************************************

Color Printing Guide

Color printing is the reproduction of an image or text in color (as opposed to simpler black and white or monochrome printing). While there are many techniques for reproducing images in color, specific graphic processes and industrial equipment are used for mass reproduction of color images on paper. In this sense, "color printing" involves reproduction techniques suited for printing presses capable of thousands or millions of impressions for publishing newspapers and magazines, brochures, cards, posters and similar mass-market items.

In this type of industrial or commercial printing, the technique used to print full-color images, such as color photographs, is referred to as four-color-process printing, because four inks are used: three primary colors plus black. The "subtractive" primary ink colors are cyan, a bright blue; magenta, a vivid red-purple; and yellow; which are abbreviated as CMYK.

Two graphic techniques are required to prepare images for four-color printing. In the "pre-press" stage, original images are translated into forms that can be used on a printing press, through "color separation" and "screening" or "halftoning." These steps make possible the creation of printing plates that can transfer color impressions to paper on printing presses based on the principles of lithography.

An emerging method of full-color printing is six-color process printing (for example, Pantone's Hexachrome system) which adds orange and green to the traditional CMYK inks for a larger and more vibrant gamut, or color range. However, such alternate color systems still rely on color separation, halftoning and lithography to produce printed images.

Color printing can also involve as few as one color ink, or multiple color inks which are not the primary colors. Using a limited number of color inks, or specific color inks in addition to the primary colors, is referred to as "spot color" printing. Generally, spot-color inks are specific formulations that are designed to print alone, rather than to blend with other inks on the paper to produce various hues and shades. The range of available spot color inks, much like paint, is nearly unlimited, and much more varied than the colors that can be produced by four-color-process printing. Spot-color inks range from subtle pastels to intense fluorescents to reflective metallics.
Color printing involves a series of steps, or transformations, to generate a quality color reproduction. The following sections focus on the steps used when reproducing a color image in CMYK printing, along with some historical perspective.

Color separation process

The process of color separation starts by separating the original artwork into red, green, and blue components (for example by a digital scanner). Before digital imaging was developed, the traditional method of doing this was to photograph the image three times, using a filter for each color. The next step is to invert each of these separations. When a negative image of the red component is produced, the resulting image represents the cyan component of the image. Likewise, negatives are produced of the green and blue components to produce magenta and yellow separations, respectively. This is done because cyan, magenta, and yellow are subtractive primaries which each represent two of the three additive primaries (RGB) after one additive primary has been subtracted from white light.

Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three main pigments used for color reproduction. When these three colors are combined in printing, the result should be a reasonable reproduction of the original, but in practice this is not the case. Due to limitations in the ink pigments, the darker colors are dirty and muddied. To resolve this, a black separation is also created, which improves the shadow and contrast of the image. Numerous techniques exist to derive this black separation from the original image; these include grey component replacement, under color removal, and under color addition. This printing technique is referred to as CMYK (the "K" being short for "key." In this case, the key color is black).

Today's digital printing methods do not have the restriction of a single color space that traditional CMYK processes do. Many presses can print from files that were ripped with images using either RGB or CMYK modes. The color reproduction abilities of a particular color space can vary; the process of obtaining accurate colors within a color model is called color matching.

Screening color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Inks used in color printing presses are semi-transparent and can be printed on top of each other to produce different hues. For example, green results from printing yellow and cyan inks on top of each other. However, a printing press cannot vary the amount of ink applied except through "screening," a process that represents lighter shades as tiny dots, rather than solid areas, of ink. This is analogous to mixing white paint into a color to lighten it, except the white is the paper itself. In process color printing, the screened image, or halftone for each ink color is printed in succession. The screen grids are set at different angles, and the dots therefore create tiny rosettes, which, through a kind of optical illusion, appear to form a continuous-tone image. You can view the halftone screens that create printed images under magnification.

Traditionally, halftone screens were generated by inked lines on two sheets of glass that were cemented together at right angles. Each of the color separation films were then exposed through these screens. The resulting high-contrast image, once processed, had dots of varying diameter depending on the amount of exposure that area received, which was modulated by the grayscale separation film image.

The glass screens were made obsolete by high-contrast films where the halftone dots were exposed with the separation film. This in turn was replaced by a process where the halftones are electronically generated directly on the film with a laser. Most recently, computer to plate (CTP) technology has allowed printers to bypass the film portion of the process entirely. CTP images the dots directly on the printing plate with a laser, saving money, increasing quality (by reducing the repeated generations), reducing lead-times, and saving the environment from toxic film-processing chemicals.

Screens with a "frequency" of 60 to 120 lines per inch (lpi) reproduce color photographs in newspapers. The coarser the screen (lower frequency), the lower the quality of the printed image. Highly absorbent newsprint requires a lower screen frequency than less-absorbent coated paper stock used in magazines and books, where screen frequencies of 133 to 200 lpi and higher are used.

The measure of how much an ink dot spreads and becomes larger on paper is called dot gain. This phenomenon must be accounted for in photographic or digital preparation of screened images. Dot gain is higher on more absorbent, uncoated paper stock such as newsprint.

 

*******************************************************

Rack Cards

Our line of rack card printing services offers full color, two sided rack cards. Full bleed and in brilliant bright color these rack cards are sure to catch the eye. With rack cards printing it is important to hire a professional printing company, because printing quality is of the utmost importance. You will not be disappointed in our rack cards graphics design & printing service or quality.

Rack cards are prefect for holding a lot of information but still being portable enough for someone to stick in their pocket or purse.

Printed on Premium Card Stock color copies

UV high gloss coatings available

Super fast turnaround with an emergency 3 day rush turnaround available. color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one printer that offers production in one business day, free standard shipping and a price much lower than our competitors, such as like Staples, Kinkos-FedEx, or even Vistaprint. If your company has slashed its marketing budget, why not consider printing flyers as a form of effective, yet low-cost advertising? With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. 

Now you can get an instant quote right now, and order for delivery to your door!

Why is Www.CopiesAmerica.com right for you? Www.CopiesAmerica.com was started with the idea that good quality color printing shouldn't cost a fortune. Our ability to offer high quality printing at a lower cost is primarily due to the tremendous advances in digital printing equipment, the fact that we offer both “offset” and “digital” printing, and our efficient production and quality control systems. At Www.CopiesAmerica.com we strive to provide the best discount digital or offset printing available AND to save you money whether your job is large or small!

Choose from many varieties of paper stock and finishes, to get the custom look your business needs or deserves.

The more exposure you are able to provide your intended target audience the more successful you will be in whatever your venture you are promoting.  The proper marketing is pivotal in the advancement of your promotion, being able to provide the appropriate marketing tool, in this case Rack Cards and developing your marketing strategy for maximum results.  Various examples of strategies are to provide offers to increase sales. In many cases, businesses do not only supply their products or services to be recognized, but they also offer other things for free. Another instance is to present a fundraiser offer. The point of this strategy is to help other organizations, such as schools, by offering them money.  Most companies implement this method not only to increase their sales, but to improve their reputation and image among the community. 

An important question to maintain is who exactly is your target audience?  Is a Flier what you are looking for?  Or maybe one of the many types of pamphlets, brochures, business cards, or another of our many options that would better suit your needs?

Check out more about them here: <insert links>

One thing to remember while designing your Rack Cards is that they need to grab your attention, no matter who sees it- if you want your event to be successful you will want everyone to know! Remember to not be afraid to do something out of the ordinary, be splashy, and use bright colors. Try to get your most important information as large as possible- the core facts; who it is, what it is, when it is, and where it is! It needs to be read quickly and still stick in their minds.

*Rack Cards can be the exclusive advertisement need for your particular event, if you distribute them effectively and remember these few instructions*

Pick out the paper; keep in mind the importance of color selection and size for the maximum effect. If you will be wanting your flyers color copies, make sure you make a bold statement- instead of doing orange and black for a Halloween event use white and green, a contrast to all the other black and orange out there. Here are several tips to keep in mind while creating the most efficient flyers out there, follow these and whatever it is you are promoting with your flyers will be a guaranteed success.

When providing the information for the Rack Cards be sure to get all the correct information, a mistake in the address or misspelling can really cause the event to go downhill so always check that twice if not  those are still your foundation forßthree times. Who-When-Where-What  your Rack Cards.  Those are the key facts that need to be heavily emphasized. Do not clutter the Rack Cards either though, too much to read will cause a prospective invitee to pass it by.  Don’t leave anything out that could possibly be necessary either though, that’s what fine print is for.  A common mistake would be a restaurant who is advertising ½ priced appetizers for an event, to draw the people there for another event such as live music, to increase sales and therefore make a larger profit than usual- HOWEVER if you leave out *not applicable on to-go orders* then there goes your profit.  

So write everything you can think of down first, make a few brackets in regards to importance; your hook! (The foundation of your basic who, what when and where?), your next bracket that will need to include things like cost of event, where you could purchase tickets, who is sponsoring the event, and lastly your need to know basic small print need-to-know- *Contact information, *will be outdoors, *bring a chair, *not applicable on to-go orders etc. color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

 

***************************************************

Metric Basis Weights

Over the past several years, an ever increasing amount of the printing papers sold in the United States is coming from overseas. While most of the mills importing into the U.S. have adopted the U.S. standard of pounds, to identify the basis weights of their grades, several products are still labeled in metric terms. Listed below is a chart that shows the U.S. standard in terms of basis weight and the equivalent weight listed in Grams per Square Meter (GSM). Please note that while U.S. weights will vary between grade classifications, under a metric system all grades are measured by the same standard.

U.S. Basis Weights

Grams / Sq. Meter

Bond or Copy Paper

20lb

75

24lb

90

28lb

105

32lb

118

Coated & Uncoated Offset

40lb

59

50lb

74

60lb

89

70lb

104

80lb

118

100lb

148

115lb

170

Coated & Uncoated Cover

50lb

135

65lb

176

80lb

216

100lb

270

110lb

297

120lb

324

130lb.

351

 

 

Index

90lb

162

110lb

199

140lb

253

Vellum Bristol

67lb

147

80lb

175.4

Formula to Calculate    -    Basis Weight x 1406.5 =   GSM

                                            Basis Size Width x Length

Whiteness vs. Brightness

For over 40 years, one of the key measurements of any grade of paper has been brightness. Generally speaking, the brighter the paper the better the contrast between the paper and the ink. A brighter sheet is easier to read, and colors tend to pop off the sheet when compared to the same printed copy on a sheet that is less bright. Brightness has also been an indicator of the quality of the grade, as brighter sheets are ranked higher and typically cost more. This has been true for both coated and uncoated papers. Brightness has always been measured using a G.E. Reflectance Scale. It is actually a measurement of the reflection of light off of a grade of paper, with 1 being the lowest reflection, or what would be given to a totally black grade, and 100 for the brightest measured grade. Over the years the paper industry has improved the manufacturing process, so that today many premium grades have brightness ratings of close to 100, the maximum rating possible under the G.E. system. color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Over the past few years, as imported papers  have gained a larger foothold in the domestic market, a new term has been introduced. Whiteness is now often referred to when evaluating grades of paper, with a C.I.E. (International Commission on Illumination) measurement used for rating. What is the difference between whiteness and brightness? We have already explained that brightness measures the reflection of light. In doing so it actually measures only a limited amount of the full color range. Whiteness measures the full spectrum of visible light, and provides a measurement more closely aligned with what our eyes actually see. Put another way, on a scale of 1 to 10, brightness reflects a color range approximately between 4 and 8. Whiteness, on the other hand, measures all of the colors in the range, from 1 through 10. As a result we may have 2 grades of paper that measure the same on a brightness scale, but because of a difference in shade they look different to the eye. This can be the case when you have 2 grades of opaque that measure 92 on the G.E. brightness scale, but one is a warm white and the other is more of a blue white. Their brightness rating is the same, but the paper looks different because of differences in shade. In this example there is 1 common measurement for brightness, but 2 separate measurements under a whiteness scale.

The trend in paper making is toward whiter and brighter paper. Paper is becoming a global product, with imports coming in at an increasing level. Whiteness is a global standard, and we anticipate a growing acceptance of whiteness as a key measurement tool. Giving exact comparisons between the G.E. Brightness scale and the C.I.E. Whiteness scale can be difficult, since the range of colors measured will vary. We have listed below some general comparisons. Please note the highest rating on a brightness scale is 100, while whiteness measurements will go much higher.

Brightness

Whiteness Range

84

94 - 98

92

138 - 148

96

148 - 155

Reply Cards or Post Cards

A standard post card or reply card must be rectangular in shape, with a minimum size of 3½" x 5". In order to qualify as a post card, with its accompanying lower postal rate, the paper used must be a minimum .007" thick.  The card can be as large as 4¼" x 6" and still carry this lower rate. If either dimension exceeds 4¼" x 6", however, it no longer carries the post card rate, but rather First Class Letter rate. In addition, it must be printed on a paper stock that is a minimum of .009" thick. If the card falls below these minimums then the mailer must pay a higher rate, potentially as much as $.13 each. While the minimum caliper applies to the post card, there is flexibility to go beyond the minimum and still receive the lower rate. Both sizes can be produced on paper as thick as .016 and still qualify. This provides a great deal of flexibility on paper selection, with improved durability and print surface.

Here are some grades stocked by Athens Paper that meet these requirements. They are ranked by their relative cost, with 100% being the least expensive grade.

7 Point Minimum

Williamsburg 75 lb. Return Card(100%) Guaranteed .007 thick, this is the least expensive grade. It is very porous, however, and is best suited for simple line copy.

Domtar 90 lb. Index– (170%) A hard, smooth finish with a better print surface than the 75 lb. reply, yet still relatively inexpensive. Available in a 92 bright white or colors.

Utopia 3 100 lb. Matte Coated(175%) An 87 bright sheet, with good print reproduction on both sides.

Accent Opaque or Plainfield Opaque 65 lb Cover(187%) Both grades have good bulk, stiffness and brightness and are capable of producing quality 4-color process work.

Knightkote Matte 105 lb Return Card(195%) A #1 matte with a brightness of 92, this sheet provides better stiffness and contrast than Utopia 3. 

Cornwall or Carolina C1S 8 Pt  – (219%) Use for 7 pt requirements. Good coated surface on one side for quality 4 color printing, with uncoated back side that easily accepts pen or pencil. Both grades are available in a 7 point from the mill, and both are available in C2S.

Kromekote C1S 8 Pt(342%) With a brightness of 92 and ultra smooth cast coated finish, this is the best choice when premium print quality is required. Also available in C2S

9 Point Minimum

Williamsburg 97 lb Return Card – (100%) Same printing characteristics as the 75 lb.,

Domtar 110 lb. Index – (170%) Same characteristics as 7 pt.

Plainfield Opaque Vellum 65 lb Cover (152%) – Vellum is mill item. Toothy finish.

Accent or Plainfield Opaque Smooth 80 lb. Cover – (187%) Good print surface

Knightkote Matte 135 lb. Return Card – (195%)  Same characteristics as 7 pt.

Altima Gloss 100 lb Cover – (215%) # 3 Gloss Cover. Not available in rolls.

Cornwall or Carolina 10 Pt C1S – (219%) Same characteristics as 8 Pt

Kromekote 10 pt C1S – (342%) Same characteristics as 8 Pt

Paper Characteristics and Their Effect on Printingcolor copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Basis Weight – The weight of 500 sheets of a standard size of paper. The standard size will vary according to group classification (bond, offset, cover, index, tag, vellum bristol).

When choosing which basis weight to use take the following considerations into account:

  1. Opacity : heavier sheets provide more opacity. If show through is a problem consider going up one weight.
  2. Bulk: heavier sheets of the same grade are thicker
  3. Stiffness: the heavier a sheet the stiffer it is. If a client is printing a brochure with few pages, a heavier sheet may help make it feel more substantial.
  4. Cost: Every time you go up one basis weight in the same grade you increase the paper costs from 15 to 20%. The reverse is true where you will save money as you drop in basis weight.
  5. Mailing Weight: The weight of the individual sheets of paper will determine if a mailed piece is over or under the desired mailing weight.
  6. Folding: Heavier sheets are harder to fold and may require a score.

Caliper – The thickness of a sheet of paper measured in thousands of an inch. Also referred to as bulk. Sometimes the caliper is referred to as Point, with a point indicating one thousands of an inch. Using this terminology, a 10 point cover is a cover sheet that is 10 one thousands of an inch thick. A 12 point SBS Board would be 12 one thousands thick. A 24 point board would be 24 thousands of an inch thick, or twice as thick as a 12 point.

On most commercial printing grades caliper is not a major consideration. The exceptions are:

  1. Post Cards: must be a minimum of 7 point and a maximum of 11 point to qualify for post card rates. If a post card does not meet standard dimensions for length to width ration, the minimum caliper required raises to 11 point. It is important that you check to be sure any grade specified for a post card meets these minimums.
  2. Pages per Inch: This term refers to how many sheets of paper it takes of a specific grade to measure one inch. Since one sheet equals 2 pages, you double the number of sheets in an inch to find the pages per inch. This becomes important when quoting on a hard bound book or a perfect bound book. Not knowing how thick the paper is could end up causing problems in the bindery, or even create a situation where the finished pages are too thick to fit into the cover. It can also come into play when printing pages for a 3 ring binder. Using a thinner sheet will allow more pages to fit into the same binder.

Brightness – This is a measure of the reflectance of a sheet of paper. The most common method of measuring is a GE reflectance meter, with the higher the number indicating the whiter the sheet. 

  1. Brightness is one of the main physical characteristics used to classify grades of paper. This includes both coated and uncoated grades. In both categories as the brightness level goes up, the grade of paper is classified as a better grade.
  2. On uncoated papers, the brighter sheets of paper typically have more opacity than those with lower brightness levels.
  3. Brightness provides more contrast between the printed image and the paper, giving the printed image a sharper appearance.
  4. Generally speaking, the brighter the grade the more expensive it is. color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

 

Whiteness – Similar to brightness, but this is a measurement of what the eye actually sees rather than a measurement of reflectance. Since the eye picks up the color blue, a blue white sheet may appear to be a lot whiter than a red white sheet that measures the same or more on a reflectance meter. Not typically shown as a standard paper specification, it does explain why there are so many shades of white.

Smoothness – A measurement of how level or smooth the surface is on a sheet of paper. Generally only measured on uncoated sheets. Measured using a Sheffield Smoothness tester, with a low number indicating an extremely smooth sheet and a high number a very rough or toothy finish.

  1. On uncoated papers, the smoother the finish the better the print reproduction.
  2. Rough finishes are referred to as Vellum or Antique
  3. Vellum finish papers absorb the ink quicker, dry faster and allow for more dot gain.
  4. Smoother sheets have less bulk than do vellum finish papers. The same grade of paper in the same basis weight can vary by as much as 20% when going from a smooth to a vellum finish. This can be important if a client wants a book to look more substantial, but does not want to pay more. A vellum finish can increase the overall thickness of the book for no more money.
  5. Most grades of offset and opaque sold in our market have smooth finishes.

Grain Direction – Paper comes from trees, and trees have fibers. When these fibers end up on a paper machine they all become lined up in the same direction. Since fibers are longer than they are wide, the long direction of the fibers in the paper is referred to as grain direction. A sheet that is 25 x 38, grain long has the fibers running the long way in the 38" dimension.

  1. Grain direction is important in heavy weight papers that require a fold. It is difficult to fold a heavier sheet across the grain without cracking.
  2. All papers that are run through a laser printer should be run in the grain long through a laser printer. Be sure when doing this that the images are stripped onto the form in such a way that after they are cut down they are 8 ½ x 11, grain long (in the 11” dimension).

Opacity – The amount of show through from one side of the paper to the other. Measured on a scale of 1 to 100, with 100 indicating the highest opacity possible. This is a very important consideration when printing on both sides of a sheet of paper.

  1. Uncoated papers have more opacity than coated papers in the same basis weight.
  2. The higher the grade ranking on an uncoated sheet, the greater the opacity.
  3. Coated papers go down in opacity as their grade ranking goes up. Higher quality coated papers have more coating and less wood pulp and bulk, the 2 characteristics that add to opacity.
  4. Heavier weight papers have more opacity than lighter weights in the same grade.
  5. Design plays a large part in the need for opacity. Heavy coverage on both sides of the paper eliminates the need for high opacity. Heavy coverage on one side with light coverage on the other increases the need.

Grade Classifications – Coated and uncoated papers are ranked into certain grade classifications based on key physical characteristics. These classifications are used to give the buyer some general idea of the quality level to expect when specifying a grade of paper.

  1. Coated Papers – Ranked according to brightness and gloss. Similar grades should have comparable brightness and ink hold out and reproduction. No reference to opacity.
  2. Uncoated Papers – Ranked by brightness and opacity.
  3. Grades in the same classification should fall in the same general price range.

Comparable Grades – Grades of paper manufactured by different paper mills that are listed in the same grade category are considered comparable grades. As a result, if a customer asked for Vintage Gloss or equivalent, any coated grade that is considered a #1 coated (as is Vintage), would be a comparable grade.

 

****************************************************

 New Printing Capabilities

Ricoh Pro C901s Digital Press

The following are some of the features which make Www.CopiesAmerica.com a superior on line print-on-demand company.

The Ricoh C901 can print 90 pages per minute regardless of the type of media being used, the weight or wether or not duplexing. And it does it all at 1200x1200 Dpi resolution for great quality. Most people cannot tell the difference between the output by the C901 vs an offset press.

Part of the reason for the outstanding is Ricoh's Pxp tm Chemical Toners and oil less fusing technology. The particles of toner are much smaller than with most other printers or digital press.

The paper Library allows the user to select preset customized media types which speeds the output speeds of the user.

The C901s allows change on the fly toner swap. So the user never has to stop the machine to change toner bottles.

The machine has exceptional image quality with an advanced image stabilization feature, with single direction deceloping, and mechanical paper registration. Couple this with better fusing and automatic calibration on the fly, and the combination is hard to beat in the print-on-demand environment. An elevated Call light is visible all around the print floor so anyone in the area can clear a paper jam, change toner, add paper or any thing else that needs attention so the printing keeps on going.

The c901 also comes with TCRU technologies which allow the trained user to replace the primary parts themselves without calling a tech. This reduces down time waiting for a technician. And keeps the copy and print jobs going smoothly and on time printing is what customers expect and is what will keep them coming back time after time.

The steel frame is heavy duty to provide years of trouble free use, with long lasting supplies and consumables. The toner bottles can be replaced quickly and without mess, and each bottle yields up to 63k pages. The C901s is rated at up to 350K prints or copies per month. color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

The toner adhesion is enhanced for thick or textured stock up to 300Gsm. Finishing capabilities are vast with stacking , punching and binding of up to 13k pages.

This machine can produce business cards, postcards, covers for booklets, manuals, menus and almost anything else you could print on any digital machine.

Colorwise Pro tools and the fiery graphic arts package, allows for accurate color tones and precise proofing applications.

Workflows using tools such as EFI Command Workstation, Hot folders, Rush printing and virtual printing support job tickets and more.

The graphic arts addition is a powerful machine with dual processing and the speed to process large jobs while Ripping another for max output. Generate error-free PDFs from Adobe print engines. No more problems with multiple layers, text builds, or tables that have been problems in the past.

Registratinon is rated at .5mm which is unbelieavable from a digital press. Older machines were only guaranteed up to 2mm, which was almost unusable for printing business cards, postcards or even booklets or magazines, because you could not get the front to back registration close enough to be usable.

Www.CopiesAmerica.com hopes to be able to save customers thousands of dollars over the years with better than ever print quality.

The machines that Www.CopiesAmerica.com has purchased are brand new machines, under service contract from Ricoh, which should mean consistant print quality and reliability, with faster turn around times. Than with any other online printer.

 

*****************************************************************

There have been many standard sizes of paper at different times and in different countries, but today there are two widespread systems in use: the international standard (A4 and its siblings) and the North American sizes.

The international standard: ISO 216

The international paper size standard, ISO 216, is based on the German DIN 476 standard for paper sizes. Using the metric system, the base format is a sheet of paper measuring 1 m² in area (A0 paper size). Successive paper sizes in the series A1, A2, A3, etc., are defined by halving the preceding paper size parallel to its shorter side. The most frequently used paper size is A4 (210 x 297 mm). An advantage is that every A4 sheet made from 80 grams (per square meter, that is A0) paper weighs 5 grams, allowing to know the weight - and associated postage rate - by just counting the number of sheets used if the weight of the envelope is known.
This standard has been adopted by all countries in the world except the United States and Canada. In Mexico, Colombia, Chile and the Philippines, despite the ISO standard having been officially adopted, the U.S. "letter" format is still in common use.

ISO paper sizes are all based on a single aspect ratio of the square root of two, or approximately 1:1.4142. The advantages of basing a paper size upon this ratio were already noted in 1786 by the German scientist Georg Lichtenberg (in a letter to Johann Beckmann): if a sheet with aspect ratio ?2 is horizontally divided into two equal halves, then the halves will again have aspect ratio ?2. In the beginning of the twentieth century, Dr Walter Porstmann turned Lichtenberg's idea into a proper system of different paper sizes. Porstmann's system was introduced as a DIN standard (DIN 476) in Germany in 1922, replacing a vast variety of other paper formats. Even today the paper sizes are called "DIN A4" in everyday use in Germany.

The DIN 476 standard spread quickly to other countries, and before the outbreak of World War II it had been adopted by the following countries:
color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

  • Belgium (1924)
  • Netherlands (1925)
  • Norway (1926)
  • Finland (1927)
  • Switzerland (1929)
  • Sweden (1930)
  • Soviet Union (1934)
  • Hungary (1938)
  • Italy (1939)

During the war it was adopted by Uruguay (1942), Argentina (1943) and Brazil (1943); and directly afterwards the standard continued to spread to other countries:

 

*******************************************************************

Www.CopiesAmerica.com and Offset Printing

Www.CopiesAmerica.com has recently developed relationships with a new offset printing partner. This partnership will allow us do provide print and copy products at a price point not provided by most online print companies. Digital printers could usually not compete on a price per print basis with offset printers, at the same time, offset print companies can not compete on short run jobs with digital printers. This is due to the expense involved with the set up of the offset print system.

The following will demonstrate some examples of the differences between offset and digital printing and appropriate times to choose one vs the other.

Of course, when customers use the Www.CopiesAmerica.com instant quote form system, our professional customer support personel will make the decision for the customer, based upon the size and type of printing being ordered.

 

********************************************************

Every Door Direct Mail

 

Every Door Direct Mail is the most cost effective way to promote your business that has come along in years. For FAR less than the price of a 4x6 postcard, Every Door Direct Mail postcards are available at up to 12"x 15"or 11" x 17" bifold mailed for only 17.5 CENTS, This product mailed by the US Postal Service is making direct mail advertising cheaper and more efficient than ever. For as little as 17.5 cents a piece, the USPS will mail your retail business advertisement to every door in a specified area you don't even need to have a mailing address!

With Every Door Direct Mail, there's no need to worry about postage permit costs, mailing lists and figuring out how to work with a business mail entry unit. Since EDDM is mailed through the Post Office, all you have to do is drop off your mailers at the Post Office and let them do the work for you, while you save money and avoid the hassle of traditional direct mail services. By eliminating the costs of maintaining a mailing permit and purchasing mailing lists, combined with a 66% savings on postage compared to First Class mail, EDDM will be an extremely powerful marketing tool for your business!

If you don't want to prep these orders to specifications or go to the Post Office yourself, no problem-we'll take care of that as well. Simply select the appropriate add-on once you choose your product.

See the quote form for available sizes. color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

 

Mailing a postcard through the Post Office the traditional way can cost up to $450 just to open an account. This annual fee has been waived for mailing EDDM retail.

No mailing list needed, the Post Office takes care of it! The post office is promoting a simplified address, which doesn't require the use of a costly mailing list. You simply include the words "Postal Customer" on your mailer and the Post Office will deliver it to the mailing routes that you request.

Larger format than a standard postcard and much cheaper

At 6.25x11 and larger, these mailers give you over 3 times the amount of space as a traditional postcard. This increased visibility will help improve response, and at around 9 cents cheaper per postcard, it will save you money, too! 

As easy as dropping off mail at the Post Office

With EDDM, there's no need to go through the challenge of finding and understanding how to work with a business mail entry unit. EDDM Retail can be mailed from any Post Office, and you can pay with cash, check or debit card. With the ease of mailing a package, you can reach entire neighborhoods with your business's message.

Don't want to mail it yourself? No problem we can take care of everything for you!

For more information or to find a mailing route click here 

 

Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one printer that offers production in one business day, free standard shipping and a price much lower than our competitors, such as like Staples, Kinkos-FedEx, or even Vistaprint. If your company has slashed its marketing budget, why not consider printing flyers as a form of effective, yet low-cost advertising? With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. 

Now you can get an instant quote right now, and order for delivery to your door!

Why is Www.CopiesAmerica.com right for you? Www.CopiesAmerica.com was started with the idea that good quality color printing shouldn't cost a fortune. Our ability to offer high quality printing at a lower cost is primarily due to the tremendous advances in digital printing equipment, the fact that we offer both “offset” and “digital” printing, and our efficient production and quality control systems. At Www.CopiesAmerica.com we strive to provide the best discount digital or offset printing available AND to save you money whether your job is large or small!

Choose from many varieties of paper stock and finishes, to get the custom look your business needs or deserves.

The more exposure you are able to provide your intended target audience the more successful you will be in whatever your venture you are promoting.  The proper marketing is pivotal in the advancement of your promotion, being able to provide the appropriate marketing tool, in this case Every Door Direct Mail and developing your marketing strategy for maximum results.  Various examples of strategies are to provide offers to increase sales. In many cases, businesses do not only supply their products or services to be recognized, but they also offer other things for free. Another instance is to present a fundraiser offer. The point of this strategy is to help other organizations, such as schools, by offering them money.  Most companies implement this method not only to increase their sales, but to improve their reputation and image among the community. Finally, there is a strategy called "team selling" that consists of conforming groups of people, the majority of them young, who go knocking the doors of different houses in a neighborhood. They do this in order to help companies promoting and selling their products or services, Every Door Direct Mail are a perfect marketing tool for this strategy! 

 

An important question to maintain is who exactly is your target audience?  Is Every Door Direct Mail what you are looking for?  Or maybe one of the many types of pamphlets, brochures, business cards, or another of our many options that would better suit your needs?

 

*******************************************************************

 

Many companies or agencies produce publications that require digest printing services. No matter the industry, there are certain requirements that any business should be on the lookout for when selecting a printer for their important documents.

What is a Digest?

The term 'digest' can mean many things as far as a printed publication. One definition is that of a periodical which provides a summarization of news, similar to a newspaper. An alternate definition is that of a compilation of several documents, manuscripts, or books into one single publication. For instance, the Reader's Digest embodies the meaning of a compilation publication as well as the meaning of the digest size, in printing terms. Another form of digest is that which refers to a specific collection of legal documents, such as Supreme Court decisions or other lists related to law. The industries which create and distribute digests are publishing, law or government, and periodicals. Many of these are specialists in various topics related to their subject matter, such as a psychological research digest or a bankruptcy filings digest. These days a digest can also refer to a listing of posts in an online group forum. Of course, this is not what we are concerned with here.

Digest Printing Concerns

In the printing business, digest refers to a size. It is smaller than standard magazines, but bigger than mass market paperback books, at 5 1/2 x 8 1/4 inches or slight variations of these dimensions. Sometimes this is also called catalog size (such as an Avon catalog). Generally, companies or agencies that wish to produce a digest have very specific requirements as to size, type of paper stock, and binding. Obviously a digest-sized catalog is going to look much different than a compilation of legal rulings. It is important when searching for a printer to determine if the business has experience printing the type of digest your company creates. Digest printing is a very specific form of offset job. To produce a high quality, four-color, glossy stock catalog used for selling products or services, you will want a printer that can produce your order without mistakes and within a reasonable amount of time. Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one company that can do it all. Their internet presence makes it easy to upload your files for print jobs day or night, seven days a week. They produce your job within 24-hours and offer free standard shipping along with the benefit of years of experience and exceptional customer service. Plus, their prices cannot be beat. For all your digest printing needs, whether you are producing a catalog or a bound compilation, go with a printing company that understands your needs and can deliver your exact requirements: Www.CopiesAmerica.com.

 

***********************************************

Printing & Copying Services For Bigger Businesscolor copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Business owners understand the importance of catalog print services when it comes to showing off their products. In fact, many sales are made through printed catalogs alone, making it vitally important for many businesses. As a business owner you do not want to trust this vital function to anyone with a commercial color printer. You want to go with a company that will treat your business and, as an extension of your business, your catalog with the care and respect it deserves.

Learn about our Catalog Print Services

The printing needs of most companies go well beyond the basics of single brochure, calendar, flyer, or newsletter printing. In fact, the printing needs of businesses are growing more and more sophisticated every year. Printing projects are more varied than they have ever been. Among these are employee handbooks, businesses perspectives, meeting outlines, budget proposals and all manner of important documents and data in between. There are even commercial magazine printers. You do not want to trust tasks of this much importance to any old fly by night copy shop down the road.

Many companies have only one shot to make an impression on potential clients and that opportunity comes in the form of a business catalog. For this reason it is vitally important that you choose a respectable company for your catalog print services. Although, you should go one step further and select a company that respects your business and is committed to making your business grow.

Looking for printing and copying services and other magazine printing services or resources?

You also want to ask about minimums. It seems that many businesses won't print less than a standard number of brochures, flyers, newsletters, and catalogs. If your business isn't yet ready for their lower limit then you are either left paying for copies you can't utilize or finding another copy service. Benefits of a small printing company may include their lower minimums, making them more accommodating for a wider variety of clientele.

Another important thing to learn about a potential copying service is what their plans for expansion may be. It is best if you can find a printing company that is looking to the future, rather than one that seems content on being stagnant. They may be at the cutting edge of existing technology for printing and copying, but if they aren't looking to improve in the future, you may find yourself outgrowing them all too soon.

The final question for most will be how the printing company you are considering is going to work to make your life easier. Technology is a wonderful thing and modern technology can be used in order to transfer documents that need to be printed, bound, and copied without customers ever needing to leave their homes or offices. Is it beneficial for you to have an online printing company or a local business in your hometown? Does the company you are considering as your copy service offer the benefit of placing online orders today for pickup tomorrow? In other words, how convenient are they really?

Once you have the answers to these questions and any more questions you can think of, specific to your needs from a copy service, you should be well on your way to finding the best possible printing and copying services to meet your business needs.

 

******************************************

Catalog Print Services For Bigger Business

Business owners understand the importance of catalog print services when it comes to showing off their products. In fact, many sales are made through printed catalogs alone, making it vitally important for many businesses. As a business owner you do not want to trust this vital function to anyone with a commercial color printer. You want to go with a company that will treat your business and, as an extension of your business, your catalog with the care and respect it deserves.

The printing needs of most companies go well beyond the basics of single brochure, calendar, flyer, or newsletter printing. In fact, the printing needs of businesses are growing more and more sophisticated every year. Printing projects are more varied than they have ever been. Among these are employee handbooks, businesses perspectives, meeting outlines, budget proposals and all manner of important documents and data in between. There are even commercial magazine printers. You do not want to trust tasks of this much importance to any old fly by night copy shop down the road.

Many companies have only one shot to make an impression on potential clients and that opportunity comes in the form of a business catalog. For this reason it is vitally important that you choose a respectable company for your catalog print services. Although, you should go one step further and select a company that respects your business and is committed to making your business grow.

Looking for printing and copying services and other magazine printing services or resources?

When you find a great prospect to become your commercial printing company you need to find out what they offer, in addition to printing catalogs, that may be useful to you now and/or in the future. You do not want to build your business in such a manner that it relies solely on catalog sales to survive. Instead, you want to create a business that is well rounded and has room to grow and expand into new markets and fields. You want a quality commercial printing company that is committed to growing and expanding along with you.

Far too many business owners place too much emphasis on getting a cheap color copy or a cheap black and white copy. While copy prices are very important, there are other things that matter more, in the grand scheme of things, when considering copy printing services. Keep in mind that if clients feel that you are cheap with your printing and copying services they are going to wonder how cheap you are when it comes to other aspects of your business, such as your product. This is something you want to avoid. So, consider carefully before going with the business that is the least expensive based on the price tag alone.

To sum it all up: You want the best when it comes to filling your catalog creation, business flyers, booklet printing, blueprint copy services and other copying needs. There are many reasons you do not want to go too cheap on this vital marketing tool. If you are looking for great catalog print services, be sure to consider more aspects of the business than the price alone. Ultimately, the best results come from a printing service that focuses on every aspect of great customer service.

 

***************************************

Business Cards color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Full Color double sided business cards are a great way to show your potential clients that you mean business! Printed in full color on both sides with your choice of Uncoated, UV coated, or Silk with spot UV for a "special kind of impact". Get compliments on your business cards.

Fold over, or rounded corner business cards are also available. This doubles your impact by allowing you to put more information onto your cards while keeping them the same portable size.

Printed on a Premium Card Stock

Super Fast 3 day Rush turnaround Available

Consumers pay more attention to full color, high impact business cards!

 

Www.CopiesAmerica.com is one printer that offers production in one business day, free standard shipping and a price much lower than our competitors, such as like Staples, Kinkos-FedEx, or even Vistaprint. If your company has slashed its marketing budget, why not consider printing flyers as a form of effective, yet low-cost advertising? With Www.CopiesAmerica.com, the process is easy, cheap, and quick. 

Now you can get an instant quote right now, and order for delivery to your door!

 

********************************************

Digital Printing Guide

Digitial Printing is the reproduction of digital images on physical surface, such as common or photographic paper, film, cloth, plastic, etc.
It can be differentiated from litho printing in many ways, some of which are:
Every impression made onto the paper can be different, as opposed to making several hundred or thousand impressions of the same thing from one set of plates, as in traditional methods.
The Ink or Toner does not absorb into the paper, as does conventional Ink, but forms a layer on the surface.
It generally requires less waste in terms of chemicals used and paper wasted in set up.
It is excellent for rapid prototyping, or small print runs which means that it is more accessible to a wider range of designers.
Variable-data printing (VDP) (also known as variable-information printing (VIP)) is a form of on- demand printing in which elements such as text, graphics and images may be changed from one printed piece to the next without stopping or slowing down the printing process, using information from a database or external file. For example, a set of personalized letters, each with the same basic layout, can be printed with a different name and address on each letter. Variable data printing is mainly used for direct marketing, customer relationship management and advertising and invoicing.
The technique is a direct outgrowth of digital printing, which harnesses computer databases and digital print devices to create high-quality, full color documents, with a look and feel comparable to conventional offset printing.
Variable data printing enables the mass customization of documents via digital print technology, as opposed to the 'mass-production' of a single document using offset lithography. Instead of producing 10,000 copies of a single document, delivering a single message to 10,000 customers, variable data printing could print 10,000 unique documents with customized messages for each customer.
There are two main operational modes to VDP. In one methodology, the document template and the variable information are both sent to Raster Image Processor (RIP) which combines the two to produce each unique document. The other methodology is to combine the static and variable elements prior to printing, using specialized VDP software applications. These applications produce an optimized print stream, such as PostScript and PPML, which organize the print stream efficiently so that the static elements are only processed once by the RIP.
There are several levels of variable printing. The most basic level involves changing the salutation or name on each copy. More complicated variable data printing uses 'versioning', where there

 

may be differing amounts of customization for different markets, with text and images changing for groups of addressees based upon which segment of the market is being addressed. Finally there is full variability printing, where the text and images can be altered for each individual addressee. All three types of variable data printing begin with a basic design that indicates which sections can be altered and a database of information that fills in the changeable fields. Since 2005, the term TransPromo or transpromotional has emerged to cover the merging of promotional content and transactional print pieces by involving more business users in the printing process.
The returns for variable printing vary from double the normal return at the basic level to 10-15 times the return for fully variable jobs. This naturally depends on content and the relevancy of that content, but the technique presents an effective tool for increasing ROI on marketing campaigns. 

 

 

*************************************************** color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Page Orientation

Origin of the Concept
The term variable-data printing was first introduced to the printing industry by Frank Romano, Professor Emeritus, School of Print Media, at the College of Imaging Arts and Sciences at Rochester Institute of Technology.[citation needed] However, the concept of merging static document elements and variable document elements predates the term and has seen various implementations ranging from simple desktop 'mail merge', to complex mainframe applications in the financial and banking industry. In the past, the term VDP has been most closely associated with digital printing presses. However, in the past 3 years the application of this technology has spread to web pages, eMails, and mobile messaging.
Card stock, also called cover stock, is a paper stock that is thicker and more durable than normal writing or printing paper, but thinner and more flexible than other forms of paperboard. Card stock is often used for postcards, playing cards, catalog covers, scrapbooking, and other uses which require higher durability than regular paper. The texture is usually smooth, but can be textured, metallic, or glossy.
Card stock thickness is often described by pound weight. Pound weight is the weight of 500, 20" by 26" sheets. This differs from how text stock is determined, which assumes 500, 25" by 38" sheets. Most of the world used the term grammage to describe the weight of the paper in grams per square meter. The term Card stock is used to describe paper with weights from 50# to 110# (about 175 to 400 g/m2). In the US, card stock thickness is usually measured in points or mils that gives the thickness of the sheet in thousandths of an inch. For example, a 10 pt. card is 0.010" thick; 12 pt. is 0.012".
Pad printing is a printing process that can transfer a 2-D image onto a 3-D object. This is accomplished using an indirect offset (gravure) printing process that involves an image being transferred from the printing plate (cliché) via a silicone pad onto a substrate (surface to be printed). Pad printing is used for printing on otherwise impossible products in many industries including medical, automotive, promotional, apparel, electronics, appliances, sports equipment

 

and toys. It can also be used to deposit functional materials such as conductive inks, adhesives, dyes and lubricants.
Physical changes within the ink film both on the cliché and on the pad allow it leave the etched image area in favor of adhering to the pad, and to subsequently release from the pad in favor of adhering to the substrate (material being printed).
The unique properties of the silicone pad enable it to pick the image up from a flat plane and transfer it to a variety of surface (i.e. flat, cylindrical, spherical, compound angles, textures, concave surfaces, convex surfaces).
Page orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. The two most common types of orientation are portraitand landscape. Portrait orientation is where the height of the page is greater than the width, and is more common for the pages of books. Landscape orientation, where the width of the page is greater than the height, is often used for images and diagrams that need to be wider than a portrait page.
Page orientation is also used to describe the dimensions of a video display. The most common video display orientation is landscape mode, specifically known as the 4:3 ratio which is 4 units wide and 3 units tall, and the more recent 16:9 widescreen landscape display mode.Portrait screen orientation does exist for computers, but is not in popular usage. Portrait is preferred for editing page-layout work in order to view the entire page on the screen at once without wasted space along the sides. 

 

************************************

Paper Size & Information Guide
There have been many standard sizes of paper at different times and in different countries, but today there are two widespread systems in use: the international standard (A4 and its siblings) and the North American sizes.
The international standard: ISO 216
The international paper size standard, ISO 216, is based on the German DIN 476 standard for paper sizes. Using the metric system, the base format is a sheet of paper measuring 1 m2 in area (A0 paper size). Successive paper sizes in the series A1, A2, A3, etc., are defined by halving the preceding paper size parallel to its shorter side. The most frequently used paper size is A4 (210 × 297 mm). An advantage is that every A4 sheet made from 80 grams (per square meter, that is A0) paper weighs 5 grams, allowing to know the weight - and associated postage rate - by just counting the number of sheets used if the weight of the envelope is known.


This standard has been adopted by all countries in the world except the United States and Canada. In Mexico, Colombia, Chile and the Philippines, despite the ISO standard having been officially adopted, the U.S. "letter" format is still in common use.
ISO paper sizes are all based on a single aspect ratio of the square root of two, or approximately

1:1.4142. The advantages of basing a paper size upon this ratio were already noted in 1786 by the German scientist Georg Lichtenberg (in a letter to Johann Beckmann): if a sheet with aspect ratio ?2 is horizontally divided into two equal halves, then the halves will again have aspect ratio ?2. In the beginning of the twentieth century, Dr Walter Porstmann turned Lichtenberg's idea into a proper system of different paper sizes. Porstmann's system was introduced as a DIN standard (DIN 476) in Germany in 1922, replacing a vast variety of other paper formats. Even today the paper sizes are called "DIN A4" in everyday use in Germany.
The DIN 476 standard spread quickly to other countries, and before the outbreak of World War II it had been adopted by the following countries:


Belgium (1924) Netherlands (1925) Norway (1926) Finland (1927) Switzerland (1929) Sweden (1930) Soviet Union (1934) Hungary (1938) Italy (1939)
During the war it was adopted by Uruguay (1942), Argentina (1943) and Brazil (1943); and directly afterwards the standard continued to spread to other countries:
Spain (1947)
Austria (1948) Romania (1949) Japan (1951) Denmark (1953) Czechoslovakia (1953) Iran (1948)

Israel (1954) Portugal (1954)

Yugoslavia (1956) color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
India (1957)
Poland (1957)


United Kingdom (1959) Ireland (1959) Venezuela (1962)

New Zealand (1963) Iceland (1964) Mexico (1965) South Africa (1966) France (1967)
Peru (1967) Turkey (1967) Chile (1968) Greece (1970) Rhodesia (1970) Singapore (1970) Bangladesh (1972) Thailand (1973) Barbados (1973) Australia (1974) Ecuador (1974) Colombia (1975) Kuwait (1975)
By 1975 so many countries were using the German system that it was established as an ISO standard, as well as the official United Nations document format. By 1977 A4 was the standard

letter format in 88 of 148 countries, and today only the U.S. and Canada have not adopted the system.


The largest standard size, A0, has an area of 1 m2. The length of the long side of the sheet in metres is the 4th root of 2?approximately 1.189 metres. The short side is the reciprocal of this number, approximately 0.841 metres. A1 is formed by cutting a piece of A0 into two equal area rectangles. Because of the choice of lengths, the aspect ratio is the same for A1 as for A0 (as it is for A2, A3, etc). This particular measurement system was chosen to allow folding of one standard size into another, which cannot be accomplished with traditional paper sizes.
Brochures are made by using material at the next size up i.e. material at A3 is folded to make A4 brochures. Similarly, material at A4 is folded to make A5 brochures.
It also allows scaling without loss of image from one size to another. Thus an A4 page can be enlarged to A3 and retain the exact proportions of the original document. Office photocopiers in countries that use ISO 216 paper often have one tray filled with A4 and another filled with A3. A simple method is usually provided (e.g. one button press) to enlarge A4 to A3 or reduce A3 to A4. This also allows two sheets of A4 (or any other size) to be scaled down and fit exactly 1 sheet without any cutoff or margins.


A size chart illustrating the ISO B series.
There is also a much less common B series. The area of B series sheets is the geometric mean of successive A series sheets. So, B1 is between A0 and A1 in size, with an area of 0.71 m2. As a result, B0 has one side 1-metre long, and other sizes in the B series have one side that is a half, quarter or eighth of a metre. While less common in office use, it is used for a variety of special situations. Many posters use B-series paper or a close approximation, such as 50 cm×70 cm; B5 is a relatively common choice for books. The B series is also used for envelopes and passports.
The C series is used only for envelopes and is defined in ISO 269. The area of C series sheets is the geometric mean of the areas of the A and B series sheets of the same number; for instance, the area of a C4 sheet is the geometric mean of the areas of an A4 sheet and a B4 sheet. This means that C4 is slightly larger than A4, and B4 slightly larger than C4. The practical usage of this is that a letter written on A4 paper fits inside a C4 envelope, and a C4 envelope fits inside a B4 envelope.


The scalability also means that less paper (and hence money) is wasted by printing companies. The tolerances specified in the standard are
±1.5 mm (0.06 in) for dimensions up to 150 mm (5.9 in),
±2 mm (0.08 in) for lengths in the range 150 to 600 mm (5.9 to 23.6 in) and

±3 mm (0.12 in) for any dimension above 600 mm (23.6 in).

German extensions
The German standard DIN 476 was published in 1922 and is the original specification of the A and B sizes. It differs in two details from its international successor:
DIN 476 provides an extension to formats larger than A0, denoted by a prefix factor. In particular, it lists the two formats 2A0, which is twice the area of A0, and 4A0, which is four times A0:
DIN 476 also specifies slightly tighter tolerances:
±1 mm (0.04 in) for dimensions up to 150 mm (5.9 in),


±1.5 mm (0.06 in) for lengths in the range 150 mm to 600 mm (5.9 to 23.6 in) and ±2 mm (0.08 in) for any dimension above 600 mm (23.6 in).
Swedish extensions

The Swedish standard SIS 014711 generalized the ISO system of A, B, and C formats by adding D, E, F, and G formats to it. Its D format sits between a B format and the next larger A format (just like C sits between A and the next larger B). The remaining formats fit in between all these formats, such that the sequence of formats A4, E4, C4, G4, B4, F4, D4, H4, A3 is a geometric progression, in which the dimensions grow by a factor 21/8 from one size to the next. However, the SIS 014711 standard does not define any size between a D format and the next larger A format (called H in the previous example). Of these additional formats, G5 (169x239 mm) and E5 (155x220 mm) are popular in Sweden for printing dissertations [1], but the other formats have not turned out to be particularly useful in practice and they have not caught on internationally.
Japanese B-series variant


The JIS defines two main series of paper sizes. The JIS A-series is identical to the ISO A-series, but with slightly different tolerances. The area of B-series paper is 1.5 times that of the corresponding A-paper, so the length ratio is approximately 1.22 times the length of the corresponding A-series paper. The aspect ratio of the paper is the same as for A-series paper. Both A- and B-series paper is widely available in Japan and most photocopiers are loaded with at least A4 and B4 paper.
There are also a number of traditional paper sizes, which are now used mostly only by printers. The most common of these old series are the Shiroku-ban and the Kiku paper sizes.
Current standard sizes of U.S. paper are a subset of the traditional sizes referred to below. "Letter", "legal", "ledger", and "tabloid" are by far the most commonly used of these for everyday activities. The origin of the exact dimensions of "letter" size paper (81⁄2 in × 11 in, 215.9 mm × 279.4 mm) are lost in tradition and not well documented. The American Forest and Paper Association argues that the dimension originates from the days of manual paper making, and that the 11 inch length of the page is about a quarter of "the average maximum stretch of an

experienced vatman's arms."[1] However, this does not explain the width or aspect ratio.


There is an additional paper size, to which the name "government-letter" was given by the IEEE Printer Working Group: the 8 in × 101⁄2 in (203.2 mm × 266.7 mm) paper that is used in the United States for children's writing. It was prescribed by Herbert Hoover when he was Secretary of Commerce to be used for U.S. government forms, apparently to enable discounts from the purchase of paper for schools. In later years, as photocopy machines proliferated, citizens wanted to make photocopies of the forms, but the machines did not generally have this size paper in their bins. Ronald Reagan therefore had the U.S. government switch to regular letter size (81⁄2 in × 11 in). The 8 in × 101⁄2 in size is still commonly used in spiral-bound notebooks and the like.


An alternative explanation in the past for the difference between "government size" (as government-letter size was referred to at the time) and letter size paper was that the slightly smaller sheet used less paper, and therefore saved the government money in both paper and filing space. However, when Reagan prescribed the change to letter size, it was commonly stated that U.S. paper manufacturers had standardized their production lines for letter size, and were meeting government orders by trimming 1⁄2" each from two sides of letter-size stock; thus the government was allegedly paying more for its smaller paper size before Reagan abolished it. The different paper size also reportedly restricted the government's ability to take advantage of modular office furniture designs, common in the 1980s, whose cabinets were designed for letter size paper.
U.S. paper sizes are currently standard in the United States and the Philippines. The latter uses U.S. "letter", but the Philippine "legal" size is 81⁄2 in × 13 in (215.9 mm × 330.2 mm). ISO sizes are available, but not widely used, in both the U.S. and the Philippines.
In Canada, U.S. paper sizes are a de facto standard. The government, however, uses a combination of ISO paper sizes, and CAN 2-9.60M "Paper Sizes for Correspondence" specifies P1 through P6 paper sizes, which are the U.S. paper sizes rounded to the nearest 5 mm.[3]


Mexico has adopted the ISO standard, but U.S. "letter" format is still the system in use throughout the country. It is virtually impossible to encounter ISO standard papers in day-to-day uses, with "Carta 216 mm × 279 mm" (letter), "Oficio 216 mm × 340 mm" (legal) and "Doble carta" (ledger/tabloid) being nearly universal. U.S. sizes are also widespread and in common use in Colombia [2].
See switching costs, network effects and standardization for possible reasons for differing regional adoption rates of the ISO standard sizes.
In 1995, the American National Standards Institute adopted ANSI/ASME Y14.1 which defined a regular series of paper sizes based upon the de factostandard 81⁄2 in × 11 in "letter" size which it assigned "ANSI A". This series also includes "ledger"/"tabloid" as "ANSI B". This series is somewhat similar to the ISO standard in that cutting a sheet in half would produce two sheets of

 

the next smaller size. Unlike the ISO standard, however, the arbitrary aspect ratio forces this series to have two alternating aspect ratios. The ANSI series is shown below.
With care, documents can be prepared so that the text and images fit on either ANSI or their equivalent ISO sheets at 1:1 reproduction scale.
Other, larger sizes continuing the alphabetic series illustrated above exist, but it should be noted that they are not part of the series per se, because they do not exhibit the same aspect ratios. For example, Engineering F size (28 in × 40 in, 711.2 mm × 1016.0 mm) also exists, but is rarely encountered, as are G, H, ? N size drawings. G size is 221⁄2 in (571.5 mm) high, but variable width up to 90 in (2286 mm) in increments of 81⁄2 in, i.e., roll format. H and larger letter sizes are also roll formats. Such sheets were at one time used for full-scale layouts of aircraft parts, wiring harnesses and the like, but today are generally not needed, due to widespread use of computer- aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM). 

 

*********************************************

 

Architectural Sizes color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Architectural Sizes
In addition to the ANSI system as listed above, there is a corresponding series of paper sizes used for architectural purposes. This series also shares the property that bisecting each size produces two of the size below. It may be preferred by North American architects because the aspect ratios (4:3 and 3:2) are ratios of small integers, unlike their ANSI (or ISO) counterparts. Furthermore, the aspect ratio 4:3 matches the traditional aspect ratio for computer displays. The architectural series, usually abbreviated "Arch", is shown below:
The sizes listed above are for paper sold loosely in reams. There are many sizes of tablets of paper, that is, sheets of paper kept from flying around by being bound at one edge, usually by a strip of plastic or hardened PVA adhesive. Often there is a pad of cardboard (also known as chipboard or greyboard) at the bottom of the stack. Such a tablet serves as a portable writing surface, and the sheets often have lines printed on them, usually in blue, to make writing in a line easier. An older means of binding is to have the sheets stapled to the cardboard along the top of the tablet; there is a line of perforated holes across every page just below the top edge from which any page may be torn off. Lastly, a pad of sheets each weakly stuck with adhesive to the sheet below, trademarked as "Post-It" or "Stick-Em" and available in various sizes, serve as a sort of tablet.
"Letter pads" are of course 81⁄2 by 11 inches, while the term "legal pad" is often used by laymen to refer to pads of various sizes including those of 81⁄2 by 14 inches. There are "steno pads" (used by stenographers) of 6 by 9 inches.
Of course, in countries where the ISO sizes are standard, most notebooks and tablets are sized to ISO specifications (for example, most newsagents in Australia stock A4 and A3 tablets).
Traditional inch-based paper sizes
Traditionally, a number of different sizes were defined for large sheets of paper, and paper sizes

 

were defined by the sheet name and the number of times it had been folded. Thus a full sheet of "royal" paper was 25 × 20 inches, and "royal octavo" was this size folded three times, so as to make eight sheets, and was thus 10 by 61⁄4 inches.
Photo quality printing is the ultra high resolution reproduction of digital artwork onto printable materials such as paper, vinyl, film, polyester, etc.
Technical process
The combination of graphic design utilizing high resolution images printed at ultra high line screen values defines the photo quality printing process.
When designing for photo quality printing, graphic designers and printers start with high resolution images of 2400 dpi or higher. Traditional full color non-photo quality printing is done from images of 1200 dpi or less. Photo quality printing requires images to contain the most amount of color information possible. The high resolution images used in photo quality printing is saved in a CMYK file format to best utilize either the commercial printing process or inkjet printing photo quality output capabilities. CMYK dots of Cyan (blue), Magenta (red), Yellow, and Black are placed next to each other in specific patterns that trick the eye into seeing millions of colors. Photo quality inkjet printing transfers 4 or more toner colors to the substrate in a single cycle through the printer. In photo quality commercial printing each color of ink is applied separately.
The high resolution photos are printed (or output) at a line screen value of 1200 lines per inch. Traditional full color printing is done at a line screen ranging from 300 to 600 lpi. The resulting photo quality output is apparent to the naked eye and by using a micrometer. The output includes more dots of ink or toner within each square inch output - and - truer color values and hues due to the greater amount of color information stored in the high resolution image or artwork file.
Equipment used
Commercial photo quality printing uses a web or sheet fed press that may consist of multiple units. The file to be printed is imaged directly onto a drum on the press or onto photographic printing plates. The drum or plates transfer ink to the paper. Photo quality printing on a desktop printer usually uses some type of inkjet or laser printer. The inkjet printer has ink cartridges that place the ink directly on the paper. These are self-contained units connected to a computer through cables. 

 

*******************

Color Printing Guide

Color printing is the reproduction of an image or text in color (as opposed to simpler black and white or monochrome printing). While there are many techniques for reproducing images in color, specific graphic processes and industrial equipment are used for mass reproduction of

color images on paper. In this sense, "color printing" involves reproduction techniques suited for printing presses capable of thousands or millions of impressions for publishing newspapers and magazines, brochures, cards, posters and similar mass-market items.
In this type of industrial or commercial printing, the technique used to print full-color images, such as color photographs, is referred to as four-color-process printing, because four inks are used: three primary colors plus black. The "subtractive" primary ink colors are cyan, a bright blue; magenta, a vivid red-purple; and yellow; which are abbreviated as CMYK.
Two graphic techniques are required to prepare images for four-color printing. In the "pre-press" stage, original images are translated into forms that can be used on a printing press, through "color separation" and "screening" or "halftoning." These steps make possible the creation of printing plates that can transfer color impressions to paper on printing presses based on the principles of lithography.
An emerging method of full-color printing is six-color process printing (for example, Pantone's Hexachrome system) which adds orange and green to the traditional CMYK inks for a larger and more vibrant gamut, or color range. However, such alternate color systems still rely on color separation, halftoning and lithography to produce printed images.
Color printing can also involve as few as one color ink, or multiple color inks which are not the primary colors. Using a limited number of color inks, or specific color inks in addition to the primary colors, is referred to as "spot color" printing. Generally, spot-color inks are specific formulations that are designed to print alone, rather than to blend with other inks on the paper to produce various hues and shades. The range of available spot color inks, much like paint, is nearly unlimited, and much more varied than the colors that can be produced by four-color- process printing. Spot-color inks range from subtle pastels to intense fluorescents to reflective metallics.
Color printing involves a series of steps, or transformations, to generate a quality color reproduction. The following sections focus on the steps used when reproducing a color image in CMYK printing, along with some historical perspective.

Color separation process


The process of color separation starts by separating the original artwork into red, green, and blue components (for example by a digital scanner). Before digital imaging was developed, the traditional method of doing this was to photograph the image three times, using a filter for each color. The next step is to invert each of these separations. When a negative image of the red component is produced, the resulting image represents the cyan component of the image. Likewise, negatives are produced of the green and blue components to produce magenta and yellow separations, respectively. This is done because cyan, magenta, and yellow are subtractive primaries which each represent two of the three additive primaries (RGB) after one additive primary has been subtracted from white light.

Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three main pigments used for color reproduction. When these three colors are combined in printing, the result should be a reasonable reproduction of the original, but in practice this is not the case. Due to limitations in the ink pigments, the darker colors are dirty and muddied. To resolve this, a black separation is also created, which improves the shadow and contrast of the image. Numerous techniques exist to derive this black separation from the original image; these include grey component replacement, under color removal, and under color addition. This printing technique is referred to as CMYK (the "K" being short for "key." In this case, the key color is black).
Today's digital printing methods do not have the restriction of a single color space that traditional CMYK processes do. Many presses can print from files that were ripped with images using either RGB or CMYK modes. The color reproduction abilities of a particular color space can vary; the process of obtaining accurate colors within a color model is called color matching.
color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Screening


Inks used in color printing presses are semi-transparent and can be printed on top of each other to produce different hues. For example, green results from printing yellow and cyan inks on top of each other. However, a printing press cannot vary the amount of ink applied except through "screening," a process that represents lighter shades as tiny dots, rather than solid areas, of ink. This is analogous to mixing white paint into a color to lighten it, except the white is the paper itself. In process color printing, the screened image, or halftone for each ink color is printed in succession. The screen grids are set at different angles, and the dots therefore create tiny rosettes, which, through a kind of optical illusion, appear to form a continuous-tone image. You can view the halftone screens that create printed images under magnification.

Traditionally, halftone screens were generated by inked lines on two sheets of glass that were cemented together at right angles. Each of the color separation films were then exposed through these screens. The resulting high-contrast image, once processed, had dots of varying diameter depending on the amount of exposure that area received, which was modulated by the grayscale separation film image.
The glass screens were made obsolete by high-contrast films where the halftone dots were exposed with the separation film. This in turn was replaced by a process where the halftones are electronically generated directly on the film with a laser. Most recently, computer to plate (CTP) technology has allowed printers to bypass the film portion of the process entirely. CTP images the dots directly on the printing plate with a laser, saving money, increasing quality (by reducing the repeated generations), reducing lead-times, and saving the environment from toxic film- processing chemicals.
Screens with a "frequency" of 60 to 120 lines per inch (lpi) reproduce color photographs in newspapers. The coarser the screen (lower frequency), the lower the quality of the printed image. Highly absorbent newsprint requires a lower screen frequency than less-absorbent coated paper stock used in magazines and books, where screen frequencies of 133 to 200 lpi and higher are used.

The measure of how much an ink dot spreads and becomes larger on paper is called dot gain. This phenomenon must be accounted for in photographic or digital preparation of screened images. Dot gain is higher on more absorbent, uncoated paper stock such as newsprint. 

 

************************************

Www.CopiesAmerica.com

CopiesAmerica.com, is the best source for printing flyers, business cards, postcards, direct mail, posters and just about any printing product you can imagine! We offer a multitude of printing options for our customers. From a single-color letterhead to a fully customized magazine, our workflow process has been engineered for unrivaled production times without sacrificing quality.

Thursday, July 17, 2014

Commercial Printing Glossary

Commercial Printing Glossary
Acetate
A transparent sheet placed over originals or artwork, allowing the designer to write instructions and\or indicate a second color for placement.
Acid-free Paper
Papermade from pulp containing little or no acid so it resists deterioration from age. Also called alkaline paper, archival paper, neutral pH paper, permanent paper and thesis paper.
Acid Resist
An acid-proof protective coating applied to metal plates prior to etching.
Additive Color
color produced by light falling onto a surface, as compared to subtractive color. The additive primary colors are red, green and blue.
A4 Paper
ISO paper size 210 x 297mm used for Letterhead.
Against the Grain
At right angles to the grain direction of the paper being used, as compared to with the grain. Also called across the grain and cross grain. See also Grain Direction.
Airbrush
Pen-shaped tool that sprays a fine mist of ink or paint to retouch photos and create continuous- tone illustrations.
Alteration
Any change made by the customer after copy or artwork has been given to the service bureau, separator or printer. The change could be in copy, specifications or both. Also called AA, author alteration and customer alteration.

Anodized Plate
An offset printing plate having a treated surface in order to reduce wear for extended use.
Anti-offset Powder
Fine powder lightly sprayed over the printed surface of coated paper as sheets leave a press. Also called dust, offset powder, powder and spray powder.
Antique Paper
Roughest finish offered on offset paper.
Aqueous Coating
Coating in a water base and applied like ink by a printing press to protect and enhance the printing underneath.
Artwork
All original copy, including type, photos and illustrations, intended for printing. Also called art.
Author's Alterations (AA's)
At the proofing stage, changes that the client requests to be made concerning original art provided. AA's are considered an additional cost to the client usually.
B
Back Up

(1) To print on the second side of a sheet already printed on one side. (2) To adjust an image on one side of a sheet so that it aligns back-to-back with an image on the other side.
Base Art
Copy pasted up on the mounting oard of a mechanical, as compared to overlay art. Also called base mechanical.
Base Negative  color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Negative made by photographing base art.
Basic Size
The standard size of sheets of paper used to calculate basis weight in the United States and Canada.
Basis Weight

In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams, of one square meter of paper. Also called grammage and ream weight.
Bind
Usually in the book arena, but not exclusively, the joining of leafs or signatures together with either wire, glue or other means.
Bindery
Usually a department within a printing company responsible for collating, folding and trimming various printing projects.
Blank
Category of paperboard ranging in thickness from 15 to 48 points.
Blanket
Rubber-coated pad, mounted on a cylinder of an offset press, that receives the inked image from the plate and transfers it to the surface to be printed.
Bleed
Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after trimming.
Blind Folio
A page number not printed on the page. (In the book arena, a blank page traditionally does not print a page number.)
Blind Image
Image debossed, embossed or stamped, but not printed with ink or foil.
Blocking
Sticking together of printed sheets causing damage when the surfaces are separated. Blow-Up
An enlargement, usually used with graphic images or photographs
Blueline

Prepress photographic proof made from stripped negatives where all colors show as blue images on white paper. Because 'blueline' is a generic term for proofs made from a variety of materials

having identical purposes and similar appearances, it may also be called a blackprint, blue, blueprint, brownline, brownprint, diazo, dyeline, ozalid, position proof, silverprint, Dylux and VanDyke.
Blurb
A description or commentary of an author or book content positioned on the book jacket.
Board Paper
General term for paper over 110# index, 80# cover or 200 gsm that is commonly used for products such as file folders, displays and post cards. Also called paperboard.
Body
The main text of work not including the headlines.
Boiler Plate
Blocks of repetitive type used and copied over and over again.
Bond paper
Category of paper commonly used for writing, printing and photocopying. Also called business paper, communication paper, correspondence paper and writing paper.
Book Block
Folded signatures gathered, sewn and trimmed, but not yet covered. Book Paper

Category of paper suitable for books, magazines, catalogs, advertising and general printing needs. Book paper is divided into uncoated paper (also called offset paper), coated paper (also called art paper, enamel paper, gloss paper and slick paper) and text paper.
Border
The decorative design or rule surrounding matter on a page.
Bounce
(1) a repeating registration problem in the printing stage of production. (2) Customer unhappy with the results of a printing project and refuses to accept the project.
Bristol Paper
General term referring to paper 6 points or thicker with basis weight between 90# and 200# (200-500 gsm). Used for products such as index cards, file folders and displays.

Broadside
The term used to indicate work printed on one of a large sheet of paper.
Bromide
A photographic print created on bromide paper.
Broken Carton
Carton of paper from which some of the sheets have been sold. Also called less carton.
Bronzing
The effect produced by dusting wet ink after printing and using a metallic powder.
Build a Color
To overlap two or more screen tints to create a new color. Such an overlap is called a build, color build, stacked screen build or tint build.
Bulk
Thickness of paper relative to its basic weight.
Bullet
A dot or similar marking to emphasize text.
Burst Perfect Bind
To bind by forcing glue into notches along the spines of gathered signatures before affixing a paper cover. Also called burst bind, notch bind and slotted bind.
Butt Register
Register where ink colors meet precisely without overlapping or allowing space between, as compared to lap register. Also called butt fit and kiss register.
Buy Out
To subcontract for a service that is closely related to the business of the organization. Also called farm out. Work that is bought out or farmed out is sometimes called outwork or referred to as being out of house.
C
C1S and C2S

Abbreviations for coated one side and coated two sides.
Calender
To make the surface of paper smooth by pressing it between rollers during manufacturing. Caliper

(1) Thickness of paper or other substrate expressed in thousandths of an inch (mils or points), pages per inch (ppi), thousandths of a millimeter (microns) or pages per centimeter (ppc). (2) Device on a sheetfed press that detects double sheets or on a binding machine that detects missing signatures or inserts.
Camera-ready Copy
Mechanicals, photographs and art fully prepared for reproduction according to the technical requirements of the printing process being used. Also called finished art and reproduction copy.
Camera Service
Business using a process camera to make photostats, halftones, plates and other elements for printing. Also called prep service and trade camera service.
Carbonless Paper
Paper coated with chemicals that enable transfer of images from one sheet to another with pressure from writing or typing.
Carload
Selling unit of paper that may weigh anywhere from 20,000 to 100,000 pounds (9,090 to 45, 454 kilos), depending on which mill or merchant uses the term. Abbreviated CL.
Carton
Selling unit of paper weighing approximately 150 pounds (60 kilos). A carton can contain anywhere from 500 to 5,000 sheets, depending on the size of sheets and their basis weight.
Case
Covers and spine that, as a unit, enclose the pages of a casebound book.
Case Bind
To bind using glue to hold signatures to a case made of binder board covered with fabric, plastic or leather. Also called cloth bind, edition bind, hard bind and hard cover.
Cast-coated Paper

High gloss, coated paper made by pressing the paper against a polished, hot, metal drum while the coating is still wet.
Catalog Paper
Coated paper rated #4 or #5 with basis weight from 35# to 50# (50 to 75 gsm) commonly used for catalogs and magazines.
Chain Dot
(1) Alternate term for elliptical dot, so called because midtone dots touch at two points, so look like links in a chain. (2) Generic term for any midtone dots whose corners touch.
Chain Lines
(1) Widely spaced lines in laid paper. (2) Blemishes on printed images caused by tracking.
Chalking
Deterioration of a printed image caused by ink that absorbs into paper too fast or has long exposure to sun, and wind making printed images look dusty. Also called crocking.
Check Copy
(1) Production copy of a publication verified by the customer as printed, finished and bound correctly. (2) One set of gathered book signatures approved by the customer as ready for binding.
Choke
Technique of slightly reducing the size of an image to create a hairline trap or to outline. Also called shrink and skinny.
Chrome
Strength of a color as compared to how close it seems to neutral gray. Also called depth, intensity, purity and saturation.
Close Up
A mark used to indicate closing space between characters or words. Usually used in proofing stages.
CMYK
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colors. Coarse Screen

Halftone screen with ruling of 65, 85 or 100 lines per inch (26, 34 or 40 lines centimeter). Coated Paper
Paper with a coating of clay and other substances that improves reflectivity and ink holdout. Mills produce coated paper in the four major categories cast, gloss, dull and matte.
Collate
To organize printed matter in a specific order as requested.
Collating Marks
Mostly in the book arena, specific marks on the back of signatures indicating exact position in the collating stage.
Color Balance
Refers to amounts of process colors that simulate the colors of the original scene or photograph.
Color Blanks
Press sheets printed with photos or illustrations, but without type. Also called shells.
Color Break
In multicolor printing, the point, line or space at which one ink color stops and another begins. Also called break for color.
Color Cast
Unwanted color affecting an entire image or portion of an image.
Color Control Bar
Strip of small blocks of color on a proof or press sheet to help evaluate features such as density and dot gain. Also called color bar, color guide and standard offset color bar.
Color Correct
To adjust the relationship among the process colors to achieve desirable colors.
Color Curves
Instructions in computer software that allow users to change or correct colors. Also called HLS and HVS tables.
Color Electronic Prepress System

Computer, scanner, printer and other hardware and software designed for image assembly, color correction, retouching and output onto proofing materials, film or printing plates. Abbreviated CEPS.
Color Gamut
The entire range of hues possible to reproduce using a specific device, such as a computer screen, or system, such as four-color process printing.
Color Key
Brand name for an overlay color proof. Sometimes used as a generic term for any overlay color proof.
Color Model
Way of categorizing and describing the infinite array of colors found in nature. Color Separation

(1) Technique of using a camera, scanner or computer to divide continuous-tone color images into four halftone negatives. (2) The product resulting from color separating and subsequent four-color process printing. Also called separation.
Color Sequence
Order in which inks are printed. Also called laydown sequence and rotation.
Color Shift
Change in image color resulting from changes in register, ink densities or dot gain during four- color process printing.
Color Transparency
Film (transparent) used as art to perform color separations.
Comb Bind
To bind by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb through holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper. Also called plastic bind and GBC bind (a brand name).
Commercial Printer
Printer producing a wide range of products such as announcements, brochures, posters, booklets, stationery, business forms, books and magazines. Also called job printer because each job is different.

Complementary Flat(s)
The second or additional flat(s) used when making composite film or for two or more burns on one printing plate.
Composite Art
Mechanical on which copy for reproduction in all colors appears on only one surface, not separated onto overlays. Composite art has a tissue overlay with instructions that indicate color breaks.
Composite Film color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Film made by combining images from two or more pieces of working film onto one film for making one plate.

Origin of the Concept
The term variable-data printing was first introduced to the printing industry by Frank Romano, Professor Emeritus, School of Print Media, at the College of Imaging Arts and Sciences at Rochester Institute of Technology.[citation needed] However, the concept of merging static document elements and variable document elements predates the term and has seen various implementations ranging from simple desktop 'mail merge', to complex mainframe applications in the financial and banking industry. In the past, the term VDP has been most closely associated with digital printing presses. However, in the past 3 years the application of this technology has spread to web pages, eMails, and mobile messaging.
Card stock, also called cover stock, is a paper stock that is thicker and more durable than normal writing or printing paper, but thinner and more flexible than other forms of paperboard. Card stock is often used for postcards, playing cards, catalog covers, scrapbooking, and other uses which require higher durability than regular paper. The texture is usually smooth, but can be textured, metallic, or glossy.
Card stock thickness is often described by pound weight. Pound weight is the weight of 500, 20" by 26" sheets. This differs from how text stock is determined, which assumes 500, 25" by 38" sheets. Most of the world used the term grammage to describe the weight of the paper in grams per square meter. The term Card stock is used to describe paper with weights from 50# to 110# (about 175 to 400 g/m2). In the US, card stock thickness is usually measured in points or mils that gives the thickness of the sheet in thousandths of an inch. For example, a 10 pt. card is 0.010" thick; 12 pt. is 0.012".
Pad printing is a printing process that can transfer a 2-D image onto a 3-D object. This is accomplished using an indirect offset (gravure) printing process that involves an image being transferred from the printing plate (cliché) via a silicone pad onto a substrate (surface to be printed). Pad printing is used for printing on otherwise impossible products in many industries including medical, automotive, promotional, apparel, electronics, appliances, sports equipment

 

and toys. It can also be used to deposit functional materials such as conductive inks, adhesives, dyes and lubricants.
Physical changes within the ink film both on the cliché and on the pad allow it leave the etched image area in favor of adhering to the pad, and to subsequently release from the pad in favor of adhering to the substrate (material being printed).
The unique properties of the silicone pad enable it to pick the image up from a flat plane and transfer it to a variety of surface (i.e. flat, cylindrical, spherical, compound angles, textures, concave surfaces, convex surfaces).
Page orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. The two most common types of orientation are portraitand landscape. Portrait orientation is where the height of the page is greater than the width, and is more common for the pages of books. Landscape orientation, where the width of the page is greater than the height, is often used for images and diagrams that need to be wider than a portrait page.
Page orientation is also used to describe the dimensions of a video display. The most common video display orientation is landscape mode, specifically known as the 4:3 ratio which is 4 units wide and 3 units tall, and the more recent 16:9 widescreen landscape display mode.Portrait screen orientation does exist for computers, but is not in popular usage. Portrait is preferred for editing page-layout work in order to view the entire page on the screen at once without wasted space along the sides. 

 

************************************

Paper Size & Information Guide
There have been many standard sizes of paper at different times and in different countries, but today there are two widespread systems in use: the international standard (A4 and its siblings) and the North American sizes.
The international standard: ISO 216
The international paper size standard, ISO 216, is based on the German DIN 476 standard for paper sizes. Using the metric system, the base format is a sheet of paper measuring 1 m2 in area (A0 paper size). Successive paper sizes in the series A1, A2, A3, etc., are defined by halving the preceding paper size parallel to its shorter side. The most frequently used paper size is A4 (210 × 297 mm). An advantage is that every A4 sheet made from 80 grams (per square meter, that is A0) paper weighs 5 grams, allowing to know the weight - and associated postage rate - by just counting the number of sheets used if the weight of the envelope is known.


This standard has been adopted by all countries in the world except the United States and Canada. In Mexico, Colombia, Chile and the Philippines, despite the ISO standard having been officially adopted, the U.S. "letter" format is still in common use.
ISO paper sizes are all based on a single aspect ratio of the square root of two, or approximately

1:1.4142. The advantages of basing a paper size upon this ratio were already noted in 1786 by the German scientist Georg Lichtenberg (in a letter to Johann Beckmann): if a sheet with aspect ratio ?2 is horizontally divided into two equal halves, then the halves will again have aspect ratio ?2. In the beginning of the twentieth century, Dr Walter Porstmann turned Lichtenberg's idea into a proper system of different paper sizes. Porstmann's system was introduced as a DIN standard (DIN 476) in Germany in 1922, replacing a vast variety of other paper formats. Even today the paper sizes are called "DIN A4" in everyday use in Germany.
The DIN 476 standard spread quickly to other countries, and before the outbreak of World War II it had been adopted by the following countries:


Belgium (1924) Netherlands (1925) Norway (1926) Finland (1927) Switzerland (1929) Sweden (1930) Soviet Union (1934) Hungary (1938) Italy (1939)
During the war it was adopted by Uruguay (1942), Argentina (1943) and Brazil (1943); and directly afterwards the standard continued to spread to other countries:
Spain (1947)
Austria (1948) Romania (1949) Japan (1951) Denmark (1953) Czechoslovakia (1953) Iran (1948)

Israel (1954) Portugal (1954)

Yugoslavia (1956) color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
India (1957)
Poland (1957)


United Kingdom (1959) Ireland (1959) Venezuela (1962)

New Zealand (1963) Iceland (1964) Mexico (1965) South Africa (1966) France (1967)
Peru (1967) Turkey (1967) Chile (1968) Greece (1970) Rhodesia (1970) Singapore (1970) Bangladesh (1972) Thailand (1973) Barbados (1973) Australia (1974) Ecuador (1974) Colombia (1975) Kuwait (1975)
By 1975 so many countries were using the German system that it was established as an ISO standard, as well as the official United Nations document format. By 1977 A4 was the standard

letter format in 88 of 148 countries, and today only the U.S. and Canada have not adopted the system.


The largest standard size, A0, has an area of 1 m2. The length of the long side of the sheet in metres is the 4th root of 2?approximately 1.189 metres. The short side is the reciprocal of this number, approximately 0.841 metres. A1 is formed by cutting a piece of A0 into two equal area rectangles. Because of the choice of lengths, the aspect ratio is the same for A1 as for A0 (as it is for A2, A3, etc). This particular measurement system was chosen to allow folding of one standard size into another, which cannot be accomplished with traditional paper sizes.
Brochures are made by using material at the next size up i.e. material at A3 is folded to make A4 brochures. Similarly, material at A4 is folded to make A5 brochures.
It also allows scaling without loss of image from one size to another. Thus an A4 page can be enlarged to A3 and retain the exact proportions of the original document. Office photocopiers in countries that use ISO 216 paper often have one tray filled with A4 and another filled with A3. A simple method is usually provided (e.g. one button press) to enlarge A4 to A3 or reduce A3 to A4. This also allows two sheets of A4 (or any other size) to be scaled down and fit exactly 1 sheet without any cutoff or margins.


A size chart illustrating the ISO B series.
There is also a much less common B series. The area of B series sheets is the geometric mean of successive A series sheets. So, B1 is between A0 and A1 in size, with an area of 0.71 m2. As a result, B0 has one side 1-metre long, and other sizes in the B series have one side that is a half, quarter or eighth of a metre. While less common in office use, it is used for a variety of special situations. Many posters use B-series paper or a close approximation, such as 50 cm×70 cm; B5 is a relatively common choice for books. The B series is also used for envelopes and passports.
The C series is used only for envelopes and is defined in ISO 269. The area of C series sheets is the geometric mean of the areas of the A and B series sheets of the same number; for instance, the area of a C4 sheet is the geometric mean of the areas of an A4 sheet and a B4 sheet. This means that C4 is slightly larger than A4, and B4 slightly larger than C4. The practical usage of this is that a letter written on A4 paper fits inside a C4 envelope, and a C4 envelope fits inside a B4 envelope.


The scalability also means that less paper (and hence money) is wasted by printing companies. The tolerances specified in the standard are
±1.5 mm (0.06 in) for dimensions up to 150 mm (5.9 in),
±2 mm (0.08 in) for lengths in the range 150 to 600 mm (5.9 to 23.6 in) and

±3 mm (0.12 in) for any dimension above 600 mm (23.6 in).

German extensions
The German standard DIN 476 was published in 1922 and is the original specification of the A and B sizes. It differs in two details from its international successor:
DIN 476 provides an extension to formats larger than A0, denoted by a prefix factor. In particular, it lists the two formats 2A0, which is twice the area of A0, and 4A0, which is four times A0:
DIN 476 also specifies slightly tighter tolerances:
±1 mm (0.04 in) for dimensions up to 150 mm (5.9 in),


±1.5 mm (0.06 in) for lengths in the range 150 mm to 600 mm (5.9 to 23.6 in) and ±2 mm (0.08 in) for any dimension above 600 mm (23.6 in).
Swedish extensions

The Swedish standard SIS 014711 generalized the ISO system of A, B, and C formats by adding D, E, F, and G formats to it. Its D format sits between a B format and the next larger A format (just like C sits between A and the next larger B). The remaining formats fit in between all these formats, such that the sequence of formats A4, E4, C4, G4, B4, F4, D4, H4, A3 is a geometric progression, in which the dimensions grow by a factor 21/8 from one size to the next. However, the SIS 014711 standard does not define any size between a D format and the next larger A format (called H in the previous example). Of these additional formats, G5 (169x239 mm) and E5 (155x220 mm) are popular in Sweden for printing dissertations [1], but the other formats have not turned out to be particularly useful in practice and they have not caught on internationally.
Japanese B-series variant


The JIS defines two main series of paper sizes. The JIS A-series is identical to the ISO A-series, but with slightly different tolerances. The area of B-series paper is 1.5 times that of the corresponding A-paper, so the length ratio is approximately 1.22 times the length of the corresponding A-series paper. The aspect ratio of the paper is the same as for A-series paper. Both A- and B-series paper is widely available in Japan and most photocopiers are loaded with at least A4 and B4 paper.
There are also a number of traditional paper sizes, which are now used mostly only by printers. The most common of these old series are the Shiroku-ban and the Kiku paper sizes.
Current standard sizes of U.S. paper are a subset of the traditional sizes referred to below. "Letter", "legal", "ledger", and "tabloid" are by far the most commonly used of these for everyday activities. The origin of the exact dimensions of "letter" size paper (81⁄2 in × 11 in, 215.9 mm × 279.4 mm) are lost in tradition and not well documented. The American Forest and Paper Association argues that the dimension originates from the days of manual paper making, and that the 11 inch length of the page is about a quarter of "the average maximum stretch of an

experienced vatman's arms."[1] However, this does not explain the width or aspect ratio.


There is an additional paper size, to which the name "government-letter" was given by the IEEE Printer Working Group: the 8 in × 101⁄2 in (203.2 mm × 266.7 mm) paper that is used in the United States for children's writing. It was prescribed by Herbert Hoover when he was Secretary of Commerce to be used for U.S. government forms, apparently to enable discounts from the purchase of paper for schools. In later years, as photocopy machines proliferated, citizens wanted to make photocopies of the forms, but the machines did not generally have this size paper in their bins. Ronald Reagan therefore had the U.S. government switch to regular letter size (81⁄2 in × 11 in). The 8 in × 101⁄2 in size is still commonly used in spiral-bound notebooks and the like.


An alternative explanation in the past for the difference between "government size" (as government-letter size was referred to at the time) and letter size paper was that the slightly smaller sheet used less paper, and therefore saved the government money in both paper and filing space. However, when Reagan prescribed the change to letter size, it was commonly stated that U.S. paper manufacturers had standardized their production lines for letter size, and were meeting government orders by trimming 1⁄2" each from two sides of letter-size stock; thus the government was allegedly paying more for its smaller paper size before Reagan abolished it. The different paper size also reportedly restricted the government's ability to take advantage of modular office furniture designs, common in the 1980s, whose cabinets were designed for letter size paper.
U.S. paper sizes are currently standard in the United States and the Philippines. The latter uses U.S. "letter", but the Philippine "legal" size is 81⁄2 in × 13 in (215.9 mm × 330.2 mm). ISO sizes are available, but not widely used, in both the U.S. and the Philippines.
In Canada, U.S. paper sizes are a de facto standard. The government, however, uses a combination of ISO paper sizes, and CAN 2-9.60M "Paper Sizes for Correspondence" specifies P1 through P6 paper sizes, which are the U.S. paper sizes rounded to the nearest 5 mm.[3]


Mexico has adopted the ISO standard, but U.S. "letter" format is still the system in use throughout the country. It is virtually impossible to encounter ISO standard papers in day-to-day uses, with "Carta 216 mm × 279 mm" (letter), "Oficio 216 mm × 340 mm" (legal) and "Doble carta" (ledger/tabloid) being nearly universal. U.S. sizes are also widespread and in common use in Colombia [2].
See switching costs, network effects and standardization for possible reasons for differing regional adoption rates of the ISO standard sizes.
In 1995, the American National Standards Institute adopted ANSI/ASME Y14.1 which defined a regular series of paper sizes based upon the de factostandard 81⁄2 in × 11 in "letter" size which it assigned "ANSI A". This series also includes "ledger"/"tabloid" as "ANSI B". This series is somewhat similar to the ISO standard in that cutting a sheet in half would produce two sheets of

 

the next smaller size. Unlike the ISO standard, however, the arbitrary aspect ratio forces this series to have two alternating aspect ratios. The ANSI series is shown below.
With care, documents can be prepared so that the text and images fit on either ANSI or their equivalent ISO sheets at 1:1 reproduction scale.
Other, larger sizes continuing the alphabetic series illustrated above exist, but it should be noted that they are not part of the series per se, because they do not exhibit the same aspect ratios. For example, Engineering F size (28 in × 40 in, 711.2 mm × 1016.0 mm) also exists, but is rarely encountered, as are G, H, ? N size drawings. G size is 221⁄2 in (571.5 mm) high, but variable width up to 90 in (2286 mm) in increments of 81⁄2 in, i.e., roll format. H and larger letter sizes are also roll formats. Such sheets were at one time used for full-scale layouts of aircraft parts, wiring harnesses and the like, but today are generally not needed, due to widespread use of computer- aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM). 

 

*********************************************

 

Architectural Sizes color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  

Architectural Sizes
In addition to the ANSI system as listed above, there is a corresponding series of paper sizes used for architectural purposes. This series also shares the property that bisecting each size produces two of the size below. It may be preferred by North American architects because the aspect ratios (4:3 and 3:2) are ratios of small integers, unlike their ANSI (or ISO) counterparts. Furthermore, the aspect ratio 4:3 matches the traditional aspect ratio for computer displays. The architectural series, usually abbreviated "Arch", is shown below:
The sizes listed above are for paper sold loosely in reams. There are many sizes of tablets of paper, that is, sheets of paper kept from flying around by being bound at one edge, usually by a strip of plastic or hardened PVA adhesive. Often there is a pad of cardboard (also known as chipboard or greyboard) at the bottom of the stack. Such a tablet serves as a portable writing surface, and the sheets often have lines printed on them, usually in blue, to make writing in a line easier. An older means of binding is to have the sheets stapled to the cardboard along the top of the tablet; there is a line of perforated holes across every page just below the top edge from which any page may be torn off. Lastly, a pad of sheets each weakly stuck with adhesive to the sheet below, trademarked as "Post-It" or "Stick-Em" and available in various sizes, serve as a sort of tablet.
"Letter pads" are of course 81⁄2 by 11 inches, while the term "legal pad" is often used by laymen to refer to pads of various sizes including those of 81⁄2 by 14 inches. There are "steno pads" (used by stenographers) of 6 by 9 inches.
Of course, in countries where the ISO sizes are standard, most notebooks and tablets are sized to ISO specifications (for example, most newsagents in Australia stock A4 and A3 tablets).
Traditional inch-based paper sizes
Traditionally, a number of different sizes were defined for large sheets of paper, and paper sizes

 

were defined by the sheet name and the number of times it had been folded. Thus a full sheet of "royal" paper was 25 × 20 inches, and "royal octavo" was this size folded three times, so as to make eight sheets, and was thus 10 by 61⁄4 inches.
Photo quality printing is the ultra high resolution reproduction of digital artwork onto printable materials such as paper, vinyl, film, polyester, etc.
Technical process
The combination of graphic design utilizing high resolution images printed at ultra high line screen values defines the photo quality printing process.
When designing for photo quality printing, graphic designers and printers start with high resolution images of 2400 dpi or higher. Traditional full color non-photo quality printing is done from images of 1200 dpi or less. Photo quality printing requires images to contain the most amount of color information possible. The high resolution images used in photo quality printing is saved in a CMYK file format to best utilize either the commercial printing process or inkjet printing photo quality output capabilities. CMYK dots of Cyan (blue), Magenta (red), Yellow, and Black are placed next to each other in specific patterns that trick the eye into seeing millions of colors. Photo quality inkjet printing transfers 4 or more toner colors to the substrate in a single cycle through the printer. In photo quality commercial printing each color of ink is applied separately.
The high resolution photos are printed (or output) at a line screen value of 1200 lines per inch. Traditional full color printing is done at a line screen ranging from 300 to 600 lpi. The resulting photo quality output is apparent to the naked eye and by using a micrometer. The output includes more dots of ink or toner within each square inch output - and - truer color values and hues due to the greater amount of color information stored in the high resolution image or artwork file.
Equipment used
Commercial photo quality printing uses a web or sheet fed press that may consist of multiple units. The file to be printed is imaged directly onto a drum on the press or onto photographic printing plates. The drum or plates transfer ink to the paper. Photo quality printing on a desktop printer usually uses some type of inkjet or laser printer. The inkjet printer has ink cartridges that place the ink directly on the paper. These are self-contained units connected to a computer through cables. 

 

*******************

Color Printing Guide

Color printing is the reproduction of an image or text in color (as opposed to simpler black and white or monochrome printing). While there are many techniques for reproducing images in color, specific graphic processes and industrial equipment are used for mass reproduction of

color images on paper. In this sense, "color printing" involves reproduction techniques suited for printing presses capable of thousands or millions of impressions for publishing newspapers and magazines, brochures, cards, posters and similar mass-market items.
In this type of industrial or commercial printing, the technique used to print full-color images, such as color photographs, is referred to as four-color-process printing, because four inks are used: three primary colors plus black. The "subtractive" primary ink colors are cyan, a bright blue; magenta, a vivid red-purple; and yellow; which are abbreviated as CMYK.
Two graphic techniques are required to prepare images for four-color printing. In the "pre-press" stage, original images are translated into forms that can be used on a printing press, through "color separation" and "screening" or "halftoning." These steps make possible the creation of printing plates that can transfer color impressions to paper on printing presses based on the principles of lithography.
An emerging method of full-color printing is six-color process printing (for example, Pantone's Hexachrome system) which adds orange and green to the traditional CMYK inks for a larger and more vibrant gamut, or color range. However, such alternate color systems still rely on color separation, halftoning and lithography to produce printed images.
Color printing can also involve as few as one color ink, or multiple color inks which are not the primary colors. Using a limited number of color inks, or specific color inks in addition to the primary colors, is referred to as "spot color" printing. Generally, spot-color inks are specific formulations that are designed to print alone, rather than to blend with other inks on the paper to produce various hues and shades. The range of available spot color inks, much like paint, is nearly unlimited, and much more varied than the colors that can be produced by four-color- process printing. Spot-color inks range from subtle pastels to intense fluorescents to reflective metallics.
Color printing involves a series of steps, or transformations, to generate a quality color reproduction. The following sections focus on the steps used when reproducing a color image in CMYK printing, along with some historical perspective.

Color separation process


The process of color separation starts by separating the original artwork into red, green, and blue components (for example by a digital scanner). Before digital imaging was developed, the traditional method of doing this was to photograph the image three times, using a filter for each color. The next step is to invert each of these separations. When a negative image of the red component is produced, the resulting image represents the cyan component of the image. Likewise, negatives are produced of the green and blue components to produce magenta and yellow separations, respectively. This is done because cyan, magenta, and yellow are subtractive primaries which each represent two of the three additive primaries (RGB) after one additive primary has been subtracted from white light.

Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three main pigments used for color reproduction. When these three colors are combined in printing, the result should be a reasonable reproduction of the original, but in practice this is not the case. Due to limitations in the ink pigments, the darker colors are dirty and muddied. To resolve this, a black separation is also created, which improves the shadow and contrast of the image. Numerous techniques exist to derive this black separation from the original image; these include grey component replacement, under color removal, and under color addition. This printing technique is referred to as CMYK (the "K" being short for "key." In this case, the key color is black).
Today's digital printing methods do not have the restriction of a single color space that traditional CMYK processes do. Many presses can print from files that were ripped with images using either RGB or CMYK modes. The color reproduction abilities of a particular color space can vary; the process of obtaining accurate colors within a color model is called color matching.
color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Screening


Inks used in color printing presses are semi-transparent and can be printed on top of each other to produce different hues. For example, green results from printing yellow and cyan inks on top of each other. However, a printing press cannot vary the amount of ink applied except through "screening," a process that represents lighter shades as tiny dots, rather than solid areas, of ink. This is analogous to mixing white paint into a color to lighten it, except the white is the paper itself. In process color printing, the screened image, or halftone for each ink color is printed in succession. The screen grids are set at different angles, and the dots therefore create tiny rosettes, which, through a kind of optical illusion, appear to form a continuous-tone image. You can view the halftone screens that create printed images under magnification.

Traditionally, halftone screens were generated by inked lines on two sheets of glass that were cemented together at right angles. Each of the color separation films were then exposed through these screens. The resulting high-contrast image, once processed, had dots of varying diameter depending on the amount of exposure that area received, which was modulated by the grayscale separation film image.
The glass screens were made obsolete by high-contrast films where the halftone dots were exposed with the separation film. This in turn was replaced by a process where the halftones are electronically generated directly on the film with a laser. Most recently, computer to plate (CTP) technology has allowed printers to bypass the film portion of the process entirely. CTP images the dots directly on the printing plate with a laser, saving money, increasing quality (by reducing the repeated generations), reducing lead-times, and saving the environment from toxic film- processing chemicals.
Screens with a "frequency" of 60 to 120 lines per inch (lpi) reproduce color photographs in newspapers. The coarser the screen (lower frequency), the lower the quality of the printed image. Highly absorbent newsprint requires a lower screen frequency than less-absorbent coated paper stock used in magazines and books, where screen frequencies of 133 to 200 lpi and higher are used.

The measure of how much an ink dot spreads and becomes larger on paper is called dot gain. This phenomenon must be accounted for in photographic or digital preparation of screened images. Dot gain is higher on more absorbent, uncoated paper stock such as newsprint. 

 

************************************

Www.CopiesAmerica.com

CopiesAmerica.com, is the best source for printing flyers, business cards, postcards, direct mail, posters and just about any printing product you can imagine! We offer a multitude of printing options for our customers. From a single-color letterhead to a fully customized magazine, our workflow process has been engineered for unrivaled production times without sacrificing quality.

Thursday, July 17, 2014

Commercial Printing Glossary

Commercial Printing Glossary
Acetate
A transparent sheet placed over originals or artwork, allowing the designer to write instructions and\or indicate a second color for placement.
Acid-free Paper
Papermade from pulp containing little or no acid so it resists deterioration from age. Also called alkaline paper, archival paper, neutral pH paper, permanent paper and thesis paper.
Acid Resist
An acid-proof protective coating applied to metal plates prior to etching.
Additive Color
color produced by light falling onto a surface, as compared to subtractive color. The additive primary colors are red, green and blue.
A4 Paper
ISO paper size 210 x 297mm used for Letterhead.
Against the Grain
At right angles to the grain direction of the paper being used, as compared to with the grain. Also called across the grain and cross grain. See also Grain Direction.
Airbrush
Pen-shaped tool that sprays a fine mist of ink or paint to retouch photos and create continuous- tone illustrations.
Alteration
Any change made by the customer after copy or artwork has been given to the service bureau, separator or printer. The change could be in copy, specifications or both. Also called AA, author alteration and customer alteration.

Anodized Plate
An offset printing plate having a treated surface in order to reduce wear for extended use.
Anti-offset Powder
Fine powder lightly sprayed over the printed surface of coated paper as sheets leave a press. Also called dust, offset powder, powder and spray powder.
Antique Paper
Roughest finish offered on offset paper.
Aqueous Coating
Coating in a water base and applied like ink by a printing press to protect and enhance the printing underneath.
Artwork
All original copy, including type, photos and illustrations, intended for printing. Also called art.
Author's Alterations (AA's)
At the proofing stage, changes that the client requests to be made concerning original art provided. AA's are considered an additional cost to the client usually.
B
Back Up

(1) To print on the second side of a sheet already printed on one side. (2) To adjust an image on one side of a sheet so that it aligns back-to-back with an image on the other side.
Base Art
Copy pasted up on the mounting oard of a mechanical, as compared to overlay art. Also called base mechanical.
Base Negative  color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Negative made by photographing base art.
Basic Size
The standard size of sheets of paper used to calculate basis weight in the United States and Canada.
Basis Weight

In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams, of one square meter of paper. Also called grammage and ream weight.
Bind
Usually in the book arena, but not exclusively, the joining of leafs or signatures together with either wire, glue or other means.
Bindery
Usually a department within a printing company responsible for collating, folding and trimming various printing projects.
Blank
Category of paperboard ranging in thickness from 15 to 48 points.
Blanket
Rubber-coated pad, mounted on a cylinder of an offset press, that receives the inked image from the plate and transfers it to the surface to be printed.
Bleed
Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after trimming.
Blind Folio
A page number not printed on the page. (In the book arena, a blank page traditionally does not print a page number.)
Blind Image
Image debossed, embossed or stamped, but not printed with ink or foil.
Blocking
Sticking together of printed sheets causing damage when the surfaces are separated. Blow-Up
An enlargement, usually used with graphic images or photographs
Blueline

Prepress photographic proof made from stripped negatives where all colors show as blue images on white paper. Because 'blueline' is a generic term for proofs made from a variety of materials

having identical purposes and similar appearances, it may also be called a blackprint, blue, blueprint, brownline, brownprint, diazo, dyeline, ozalid, position proof, silverprint, Dylux and VanDyke.
Blurb
A description or commentary of an author or book content positioned on the book jacket.
Board Paper
General term for paper over 110# index, 80# cover or 200 gsm that is commonly used for products such as file folders, displays and post cards. Also called paperboard.
Body
The main text of work not including the headlines.
Boiler Plate
Blocks of repetitive type used and copied over and over again.
Bond paper
Category of paper commonly used for writing, printing and photocopying. Also called business paper, communication paper, correspondence paper and writing paper.
Book Block
Folded signatures gathered, sewn and trimmed, but not yet covered. Book Paper

Category of paper suitable for books, magazines, catalogs, advertising and general printing needs. Book paper is divided into uncoated paper (also called offset paper), coated paper (also called art paper, enamel paper, gloss paper and slick paper) and text paper.
Border
The decorative design or rule surrounding matter on a page.
Bounce
(1) a repeating registration problem in the printing stage of production. (2) Customer unhappy with the results of a printing project and refuses to accept the project.
Bristol Paper
General term referring to paper 6 points or thicker with basis weight between 90# and 200# (200-500 gsm). Used for products such as index cards, file folders and displays.

Broadside
The term used to indicate work printed on one of a large sheet of paper.
Bromide
A photographic print created on bromide paper.
Broken Carton
Carton of paper from which some of the sheets have been sold. Also called less carton.
Bronzing
The effect produced by dusting wet ink after printing and using a metallic powder.
Build a Color
To overlap two or more screen tints to create a new color. Such an overlap is called a build, color build, stacked screen build or tint build.
Bulk
Thickness of paper relative to its basic weight.
Bullet
A dot or similar marking to emphasize text.
Burst Perfect Bind
To bind by forcing glue into notches along the spines of gathered signatures before affixing a paper cover. Also called burst bind, notch bind and slotted bind.
Butt Register
Register where ink colors meet precisely without overlapping or allowing space between, as compared to lap register. Also called butt fit and kiss register.
Buy Out
To subcontract for a service that is closely related to the business of the organization. Also called farm out. Work that is bought out or farmed out is sometimes called outwork or referred to as being out of house.
C
C1S and C2S

Abbreviations for coated one side and coated two sides.
Calender
To make the surface of paper smooth by pressing it between rollers during manufacturing. Caliper

(1) Thickness of paper or other substrate expressed in thousandths of an inch (mils or points), pages per inch (ppi), thousandths of a millimeter (microns) or pages per centimeter (ppc). (2) Device on a sheetfed press that detects double sheets or on a binding machine that detects missing signatures or inserts.
Camera-ready Copy
Mechanicals, photographs and art fully prepared for reproduction according to the technical requirements of the printing process being used. Also called finished art and reproduction copy.
Camera Service
Business using a process camera to make photostats, halftones, plates and other elements for printing. Also called prep service and trade camera service.
Carbonless Paper
Paper coated with chemicals that enable transfer of images from one sheet to another with pressure from writing or typing.
Carload
Selling unit of paper that may weigh anywhere from 20,000 to 100,000 pounds (9,090 to 45, 454 kilos), depending on which mill or merchant uses the term. Abbreviated CL.
Carton
Selling unit of paper weighing approximately 150 pounds (60 kilos). A carton can contain anywhere from 500 to 5,000 sheets, depending on the size of sheets and their basis weight.
Case
Covers and spine that, as a unit, enclose the pages of a casebound book.
Case Bind
To bind using glue to hold signatures to a case made of binder board covered with fabric, plastic or leather. Also called cloth bind, edition bind, hard bind and hard cover.
Cast-coated Paper

High gloss, coated paper made by pressing the paper against a polished, hot, metal drum while the coating is still wet.
Catalog Paper
Coated paper rated #4 or #5 with basis weight from 35# to 50# (50 to 75 gsm) commonly used for catalogs and magazines.
Chain Dot
(1) Alternate term for elliptical dot, so called because midtone dots touch at two points, so look like links in a chain. (2) Generic term for any midtone dots whose corners touch.
Chain Lines
(1) Widely spaced lines in laid paper. (2) Blemishes on printed images caused by tracking.
Chalking
Deterioration of a printed image caused by ink that absorbs into paper too fast or has long exposure to sun, and wind making printed images look dusty. Also called crocking.
Check Copy
(1) Production copy of a publication verified by the customer as printed, finished and bound correctly. (2) One set of gathered book signatures approved by the customer as ready for binding.
Choke
Technique of slightly reducing the size of an image to create a hairline trap or to outline. Also called shrink and skinny.
Chrome
Strength of a color as compared to how close it seems to neutral gray. Also called depth, intensity, purity and saturation.
Close Up
A mark used to indicate closing space between characters or words. Usually used in proofing stages.
CMYK
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colors. Coarse Screen

Halftone screen with ruling of 65, 85 or 100 lines per inch (26, 34 or 40 lines centimeter). Coated Paper
Paper with a coating of clay and other substances that improves reflectivity and ink holdout. Mills produce coated paper in the four major categories cast, gloss, dull and matte.
Collate
To organize printed matter in a specific order as requested.
Collating Marks
Mostly in the book arena, specific marks on the back of signatures indicating exact position in the collating stage.
Color Balance
Refers to amounts of process colors that simulate the colors of the original scene or photograph.
Color Blanks
Press sheets printed with photos or illustrations, but without type. Also called shells.
Color Break
In multicolor printing, the point, line or space at which one ink color stops and another begins. Also called break for color.
Color Cast
Unwanted color affecting an entire image or portion of an image.
Color Control Bar
Strip of small blocks of color on a proof or press sheet to help evaluate features such as density and dot gain. Also called color bar, color guide and standard offset color bar.
Color Correct
To adjust the relationship among the process colors to achieve desirable colors.
Color Curves
Instructions in computer software that allow users to change or correct colors. Also called HLS and HVS tables.
Color Electronic Prepress System

Computer, scanner, printer and other hardware and software designed for image assembly, color correction, retouching and output onto proofing materials, film or printing plates. Abbreviated CEPS.
Color Gamut
The entire range of hues possible to reproduce using a specific device, such as a computer screen, or system, such as four-color process printing.
Color Key
Brand name for an overlay color proof. Sometimes used as a generic term for any overlay color proof.
Color Model
Way of categorizing and describing the infinite array of colors found in nature. Color Separation

(1) Technique of using a camera, scanner or computer to divide continuous-tone color images into four halftone negatives. (2) The product resulting from color separating and subsequent four-color process printing. Also called separation.
Color Sequence
Order in which inks are printed. Also called laydown sequence and rotation.
Color Shift
Change in image color resulting from changes in register, ink densities or dot gain during four- color process printing.
Color Transparency
Film (transparent) used as art to perform color separations.
Comb Bind
To bind by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb through holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper. Also called plastic bind and GBC bind (a brand name).
Commercial Printer
Printer producing a wide range of products such as announcements, brochures, posters, booklets, stationery, business forms, books and magazines. Also called job printer because each job is different.

Complementary Flat(s)
The second or additional flat(s) used when making composite film or for two or more burns on one printing plate.
Composite Art
Mechanical on which copy for reproduction in all colors appears on only one surface, not separated onto overlays. Composite art has a tissue overlay with instructions that indicate color breaks.
Composite Film color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Film made by combining images from two or more pieces of working film onto one film for making one plate.

Composite Proof
Proof of color separations in position with graphics and type. Also called final proof, imposition proof and stripping proof.
Composition
(1) In typography, the assembly of typographic elements, such as words and paragraphs, into pages ready for printing. (2) In graphic design, the arrangement of type, graphics and other elements on the page.
Comprehensive Dummy
Simulation of a printed piece complete with type, graphics and colors. Also called color comprehensive and comp.
Condition
To keep paper in the pressroom for a few hours or days before printing so that its moisture level and temperature equal that in the pressroom. Also called cure, mature and season.
Contact Platemaker
Device with lights, timing mechanism and vacuum frame used to make contact prints, duplicate film, proofs and plates. Also called platemaker and vacuum frame.
Continuous-tone Copy
All photographs and those illustrations having a range of shades not made up of dots, as compared to line copy or halftones. Abbreviated contone.
Contrast

The degree of tones in an image ranging from highlight to shadow. Converter
Business that makes products such as boxes, bags, envelopes and displays. Copyboard

Surface or frame on a process camera that holds copy in position to be photographed. Cover
Thick paper that protects a publication and advertises its title. Parts of covers are often described as follows: Cover 1=outside front; Cover 2=inside front; Cover 3=inside back, Cover 4=outside back.
Coverage
Extent to which ink covers the surface of a substrate. Ink coverage is usually expressed as light, medium or heavy.
Cover Paper
Category of thick paper used for products such as posters, menus, folders and covers of paperback books.
Crash
Coarse cloth embedded in the glue along the spine of a book to increase strength of binding. Also called gauze, mull and scrim.
Creep
Phenomenon of middle pages of a folded signature extending slightly beyond outside pages. Also called feathering, outpush, push out and thrust. See also Shingling.
Crop Marks
Lines near the edges of an image indicating portions to be reproduced. Also called cut marks and tic marks.
Crossover
Type or art that continues from one page of a book or magazine across the gutter to the opposite page. Also called bridge, gutter bleed and gutter jump.
Cure
To dry inks, varnishes or other coatings after printing to ensure good adhesion and prevent

setoff.
Customer Service Representative

Employee of a printer, service bureau, separator or other business who coordinates projects and keeps customers informed. Abbreviated CSR.
Cutoff
Circumference of the impression cylinder of a web press, therefore also the length of the printed sheet that the press cuts from the roll of paper.
Cut Sizes
Paper sizes used with office machines and small presses.
Cutting Machine
A machine that cuts stacks of paper to desired sizes. The machine can also be used in scoring or creasing.
Cutting Die
Usually a custom ordered item to trim specific and unusual sized printing projects.
CWT
Abbreviation for hundredweight using the Roman numeral C=100.
Cyan
One of the four process colors. Also known as process blue.
D
Data Compression
Technique of reducing the amount of storage required to hold a digital file to reduce the disk space the file requires and allow it to be processed or transmitted more quickly.
Deboss
To press an image into paper so it lies below the surface. Also called tool. Deckle Edge

Edge of paper left ragged as it comes from the papermaking machine instead of being cleanly cut. Also called feather edge.

Densitometer
Instrument used to measure density. Reflection densitometers measure light reflected from paper and other surfaces; transmission densitometers measure light transmitted through film and other materials.
Density
(1) Regarding ink, the relative thickness of a layer of printed ink. (2) Regarding color, the relative ability of a color to absorb light reflected from it or block light passing through it. (3) Regarding paper, the relative tightness or looseness of fibers.
Density Range
Difference between the darkest and lightest areas of copy. Also called contrast ratio, copy range and tonal range.
Desktop Publishing
Technique of using a personal computer to design images and pages, and assemble type and graphics, then using a laser printer or imagesetter to output the assembled pages onto paper, film or printing plate. Abbreviated DTP.
Device Independent Colors
Hules identified by wavelength or by their place in systems such as developed by CIE. 'Device independent' means a color can be described and specified without regard to whether it is reproduced using ink, projected light, photographic chemistry or any other method.
Die
Device for cutting, scoring, stamping, embossing and debossing.
Die Cut
To cut irregular shapes in paper or paperboard using a die.
Digital Proofing
Page proofs produced through electronic memory transferred onto paper via laser or ink-jet. Diffusion Transfer
Chemical process of reproducing line copy and making halftone positives ready for paste-up. Digital Dot
Dot created by a computer and printed out by a laser printer or imagesetter. Digital dots are

uniform in size, as compared to halftone dots that vary in size. Direct Digital Color Proof
Color proof made by a laser, ink jet printer or other computer-controlled device without needing to make separation films first. Abbreviated DDCP.
Dog Ear
A letter fold at the side of one of the creases, an indentation occurs.
Dot Gain
Phenomenon of halftone dots printing larger on paper than they are on films or plates, reducing detail and lowering contrast. Also called dot growth, dot spread and press gain.
Dot Size
Relative size of halftone dots as compared to dots of the screen ruling being used. There is no unit of measurement to express dot size. Dots are too large, too small or correct only in comparison to what the viewer finds attractive.
Dots-per-inch
Measure of resolution of input devices such as scanners, display devices such as monitors, and output devices such as laser printers, imagesetters and monitors. Abbreviated DPI. Also called dot pitch.
Double Black Duotone
Duotone printed from two halftones, one shot for highlights and the other shot for midtones and shadows.
Double Bump
To print a single image twice so it has two layers of ink.
Double Burn
To expose film or a plate twice to different negatives and thus create a composite image.
Double Density
A method of recording electronically (disk, CD, floppy) using a modified frequency to allow more data storage.
Double Dot Halftone
Halftone double burned onto one plate from two halftones, one shot for shadows, the second

shot for midtones and highlights. Doubling
Printing defect appearing as blurring or shadowing of the image. Doubling may be caused by problems with paper, cylinder alignment, blanket pressures or dirty cylinders.
DPI
Considered as "dots per square inch," a measure of output resolution in relationship to printers, imagesetters and monitors.
Drawdown
Sample of inks specified for a job applied to the substrate specified for a job. Also called pulldown.
Drill
In the printing arena, to drill a whole in a printed matter.
Dropout
Halftone dots or fine lines eliminated from highlights by overexposure during camera work.
Dropout Halftone
Halftone in which contrast has been increased by eliminating dots from highlights.
Dry Back
Phenomenon of printed ink colors becoming less dense as the ink dries.
Dry Offset
Using metal plates in the printing process, which are etched to .15mm (.0006 in) creating a right reading plate, printed on the offset blanket transferring to paper without the use of water.
Dry Trap
To print over dry ink, as compared to wet trap.
Dual-purpose Bond Paper
Bond paper suitable for printing by either lithography (offset) or xerography (photocopy). Abbreviated DP bond paper.
Dull Finish

Flat (not glossy) finish on coated paper; slightly smoother than matte. Also called suede finish, velour finish and velvet finish.
Dummy
Simulation of the final product. Also called mockup.
Duotone
Black-and-white photograph reproduced using two halftone negatives, each shot to emphasize different tonal values in the original.
Duplex Paper
Thick paper made by pasting highlights together two thinner sheets, usually of different colors. Also called double-faced paper and two-tone paper.
Duplicator
Offset press made for quick printing.
Dylux
Brand name for photographic paper used to make blue line proofs. Often used as alternate term for blueline.
E
Electronic Front End (Electronic Composition)
General term referring to a prepress system based on computers.
Electronic Image Assembly
Assembly of a composite image from portions of other images and/or other page elements using a computer.
Electronic Mechanical
Mechanical exclusively in electronic files. Electronic Publishing

(1) Publishing by printing with device, such as a photocopy machine or ink jet printer, driven by a computer that can change the image instantly from one copy to the next. (2) Publishing via output on fax, computer bulletin board or other electronic medium, as compared to output on paper.
Emboss

To press an image into paper so it lies above the surface. Also called cameo and tool. Emulsion
Casting of light-sensitive chemicals on papers, films, printing plates and stencils. Emulsion Down/Emulsion Up

Film whose emulsion side faces down (away from the viewer) or up (toward the viewer) when ready to make a plate or stencil. Abbreviated ED, EU. Also called E up/down and face down/face up.
Encapsulated PostScript file
Computer file containing both images and PostScript commands. Abbreviated EPS file.
End Sheet
Sheet that attaches the inside pages of a case bound book to its cover. Also called pastedown or end papers.
English Finish
Smooth finish on uncoated book paper; smoother than eggshell, rougher than smooth.
Engraving
Printing method using a plate, also called a die, with an image cut into its surface.
EP
Abbreviation for envelope.
EPS
Encapsulated Post Script, a known file format usually used to transfer post script information from one program to another.
Equivalent Paper
Paper that is not the brand specified, but looks, prints and may cost the same. . Also called comparable stock.
Estimate
Price that states what a job will probably cost. Also called bid, quotation and tender. Estimator

The individual performing or creating the "estimate."
Etch
To use chemicals to carve an image into metal, glass or film.
F
Face
Edge of a bound publication opposite the spine. Also called foredge. Also, an abbreviation for typeface referring to a family of a general style.
Fake Duotone
Halftone in one ink color printed over screen tint of a second ink color. Also called dummy duotone, dougraph, duplex halftone, false duotone, flat tint halftone and halftone with screen.
Fast Color Inks
Inks with colors that retain their density and resist fading as the product is used and washed.
Feeding Unit
Component of a printing press that moves paper into the register unit.
Felt Finish
Soft woven pattern in text paper.
Felt Side
Side of the paper that was not in contact with the Fourdrinier wire during papermaking, as compared to wire side.
Fifth Color
Ink color used in addition to the four needed by four-color process.
Film Gauge
Thickness of film. The most common gauge for graphic arts film is 0.004 inch (0.1 mm).
Film Laminate
Thin sheet of plastic bonded to a printed product for protection or increased gloss.
Fine Papers
Papers made specifically for writing or commercial printing, as compared to coarse papers and

industrial papers. Also called cultural papers and graphic papers.
Fine Screen
Screen with ruling of 150 lines per inch (80 lines per centimeter) or more. color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Finish
(1) Surface characteristics of paper. (2) General term for trimming, folding, binding and all other post press operations.
Finished Size
Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat size. Also called trimmed size.
Fit
Refers to ability of film to be registered during stripping and assembly. Good fit means that all images register to other film for the same job.
Fixed Costs
Costs that remain the same regardless of how many pieces are printed. Copyrighting, photography and design are fixed costs.
Flat Color
(1) Any color created by printing only one ink, as compared to a color created by printing four- color process. Also called block color and spot color. (2) color that seems weak or lifeless.
Flat Plan (Flats)
Diagram of the flats for a publication showing imposition and indicating colors.
Flat Size
Size of product after printing and trimming, but before folding, as compared to finished size.
Flexography
Method of printing on a web press using rubber or plastic plates with raised images. Also called aniline printing because flexographic inks originally used aniline dyes. Abbreviated flexo.
Flood
To print a sheet completely with an ink or varnish. flooding with ink is also called painting the sheet.
Flush Cover

Cover trimmed to the same size as inside pages, as compared to overhang cover. Also called cut flush
Flyleaf
Leaf, at the front and back of a casebound book that is the one side of the end paper not glued to the case.
Fogging Back
Used in making type more legible by lowering density of an image, while allowing the image to show through.
Foil Emboss
To foil stamp and emboss an image. Also called heat stamp.
Foil Stamp
Method of printing that releases foil from its backing when stamped with the heated die. Also called block print, hot foil stamp and stamp.
Folder
A bindery machine dedicated to folding printed materials.
Fold Marks
With printed matter, markings indicating where a fold is to occur, usually located at the top edges.
Foldout
Gatefold sheet bound into a publication, often used for a map or chart. Also called gatefold and pullout.
Folio (page number)
The actual page number in a publication.
Form
Each side of a signature. Also spelled forme.
Format
Size, style, shape, layout or organization of a layout or printed product. Form bond

Lightweight bond, easy to perforate, made for business forms. Also called register bond. Form Roller(s)
Roller(s) that come in contact with the printing plate, bringing it ink or water.
For Position Only

Refers to inexpensive copies of photos or art used on mechanical to indicate placement and scaling, but not intended for reproduction. Abbreviated FPO.
Forwarding
In the case book arena, the binding process which involves folding, rounding, backing, headbanding and reinforcing.
Fountain
Trough or container, on a printing press, that holds fluids such as ink, varnish or water. Also called duct.
Fountain Solution
Mixture of water and chemicals that dampens a printing plate to prevent ink from adhering to the nonimage area. Also called dampener solution.
Four-color Process Printing
Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to simulate full-color images. Also called color process printing, full color printing and process printing.
Free Sheet
Paper made from cooked wood fibers mixed with chemicals and washed free of impurities, as compared to groundwood paper. Also called woodfree paper.
French Fold
A printed sheet, printed one side only, folded with two right angle folds to form a four page uncut section.
Full-range Halftone
Halftone ranging from 0 percent coverage in its highlights to 100 percent coverage in its shadows.
Full-scale Black
Black separation made to have dots throughout the entire tonal range of the image, as

compared to half-scale black and skeleton black. Also called full-range black.
G
Galley Proof
Proof of type from any Source, whether metal type or photo type. Also called checker and slip proof.
Gang
(1) To halftone or separate more than one image in only one exposure. (2) To reproduce two or more different printed products simultaneously on one sheet of paper during one press run. Also called combination run.
Gate Fold
A sheet that folds where both sides fold toward the gutter in overlapping layers.
Gathered
Signatures assembled next to each other in the proper sequence for binding, as compared to nested. Also called stacked.
Ghost Halftone
Normal halftone whose density has been reduced to produce a very faint image. Ghosting

(1) Phenomenon of a faint image appearing on a printed sheet where it was not intended to appear. Chemical ghosting refers to the transfer of the faint image from the front of one sheet to the back of another sheet. Mechanical ghosting refers to the faint image appearing as a repeat of an image on the same side of the sheet. (2) Phenomenon of printed image appearing too light because of ink starvation.
Gilding
Mostly in the book arena, gold leafing the edges of a book.
Gloss
Consider the light reflecting on various objects in the printing industry (e.g., paper, ink, laminates, UV coating, varnish).
Gloss Ink
Ink used and printed on coated stock (mostly litho and letterpress) such as the ink will dry

without penetration. Grade
General term used to distinguish between or among printing papers, but whose specific meaning depends on context. Grade can refer to the category, class, rating, finish or brand of paper.
Graduated Screen Tint
Screen tint that changes densities gradually and smoothly, not in distinct steps. Also called degrade, gradient, ramped screen and vignette.
Grain Direction
Predominant direction in which fibers in paper become aligned during manufacturing. Also called machine direction.
Grain Long Paper
Paper whose fibers run parallel to the long dimension of the sheet. Also called long grain paper and narrow web paper.
Grain Short Paper
Paper whose fibers run parallel to the short dimension of the sheet. Also called short grain paper and wide web paper.
Grammage
Basis weight of paper in grams per square meter (gsm).
Graphic Arts
The crafts, industries and professions related to designing and printing on paper and other substrates.
Graphic Arts Film
Film whose emulsion yields high contrast images suitable for reproduction by a printing press, as compared to continuous-tone film. Also called litho film and repro film.
Graphic Design
Arrangement of type and visual elements along with specifications for paper, ink colors and printing processes that, when combined, convey a visual message.
Graphics

Visual elements that supplement type to make printed messages more clear or interesting. Gravure
Method of printing using metal cylinders etched with millions of tiny wells that hold ink. Gray Balance

Printed cyan, magenta and yellow halftone dots that accurately, reproduce a neutral gray image. Gray Component Replacement
Technique of replacing gray tones in the yellow, cyan and magenta films, made while color separating, with black ink. Abbreviated GCR. Also called achromatic color removal.
Gray Levels
Number of distinct gray tones that can be reproduced by a computer.
Gray Scale
Strip of gray values ranging from white to black. Used by process camera and scanner operators to calibrate exposure times for film and plates. Also called step wedge.
Grind Edge
Alternate term for binding edge when referring to perfect bound products.
Grindoff
Approximately 1/8 inch (3 mm) along the spine that is ground off gathered signatures before perfect binding.
Gripper Edge
Edge of a sheet held by grippers on a sheetfed press, thus going first through the press. Also called feeding edge and leading edge.
Groundwood Paper
Newsprint and other inexpensive paper made from pulp created when wood chips are ground mechanically rather than refined chemically.
GSM
The unit of measurement for paper weight (grams per square meter). Gutter

In the book arena, the inside margins toward the back or the binding edges.
H
Hairline (Rule)
Subjective term referring to very small space, thin line or close register. The meaning depends on who is using the term and in what circumstances.
Half-scale Black
Black separation made to have dots only in the shadows and midtones, as compared to full-scale black and skeleton black.
Halftone
(1) To photograph or scan a continuous tone image to convert the image into halftone dots. (2) A photograph or continuous-tone illustration that has been halftoned and appears on film, paper, printing plate or the final printed product.
Halftone Screen
Piece of film or glass containing a grid of lines that breaks light into dots. Also called contact screen and screen.
Halo Effect
Faint shadow sometimes surrounding halftone dots printed. Also called halation. The halo itself is also called a fringe.
Hard Dots
Halftone dots with no halos or soft edges, as compared to soft dots.
Hard Mechanical
Mechanical consisting of paper and/or acetate and made using paste-up techniques, as compared to electronic mechanical.
Head(er)
At the top of a page, the margin.
Head-to-tail
Imposition with heads (tops) of pages facing tails (bottoms) of other pages. Heat-set Web

Web press equipped with an oven to dry ink, thus able to print coated paper. Hickey
Spot or imperfection in printing, most visible in areas of heavy ink coverage, caused by dirt on the plate or blanket. Also called bulls eye and fish eye.
High-fidelity Color
Color reproduced using six, eight or twelve separations, as compared to four-color process.
High-key Photo
Photo whose most important details appear in the highlights.
Highlights
Lightest portions of a photograph or halftone, as compared to midtones and shadows.
Hinged Cover
Perfect bound cover scored 1/8 inch (3mm) from the spine so it folds at the hinge instead of, along the edge of the spine.
HLS
Abbreviation for hue, lightness, saturation, one of the color-control options often found in software, for design and page assembly. Also called HVS.
Hot Spot
Printing defect caused when a piece of dirt or an air bubble caused incomplete draw-down during contact platemaking, leaving an area of weak ink coverage or visible dot gain.
House Sheet
Paper kept in stock by a printer and suitable for a variety of printing jobs. Also called floor sheet. Hue
A specific color such as yellow or green.
I
Image Area
The actual area on the printed matter that is not restricted to ink coverage,
Imagesetter

Laser output device using photosensitive paper or film. Imposition
Arrangement of pages on mechanicals or flats so they will appear in proper sequence after press sheets are folded and bound.
Impression
(1) Referring to an ink color, one impression equals one press sheet passing once through a printing unit. (2) Referring to speed of a press, one impression equals one press sheet passing once through the press.
Impression Cylinder
Cylinder, on a press, that pushes paper against the plate or blanket, thus forming the image. Also called impression roller.
Imprint
To print new copy on a previously printed sheet, such as imprinting an employee's name on business cards. Also called surprint.
Ink Balance
Relationship of the densities and dot gains of process inks to each other and to a standard density of neutral gray
Ink Fountain
Reservoir, on a printing press, that holds ink.
Ink Holdout
Characteristic of paper that prevents it from absorbing ink, thus allowing ink to dry on the surface of the paper. Also called holdout.
Ink Jet Printing
Method of printing by spraying droplets of ink through computer-controlled nozzles. Also called jet printing.
Inner Form
Form (side of the press sheet) whose images all appear inside the folded signature, as compared to outer form. color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
In-Plant Printer

Department of an agency, business or association that does printing for a parent organization. Also called captive printer and in-house printer.
Inserts
Within a publication, an additional item positioned into the publication loose (not bound in). Intaglio Printing

Printing method whose image carriers are surfaces with two levels, having inked areas lower than noninked areas. Gravure and engraving are the most common forms of intaglio. Also called recess printing.
Integral Proof
Color proof of separations shown on one piece of proofing paper, as compared to an overlay proof. Also called composition proof, laminate proof, plastic proof and single-sheet proof.
Interleaves
Printed pages loosely inserted in a publication.
ISBN
A number assigned to a published work and usually found either on the title page or the back of the title page. Considered an International Standard Book Number.
J
Job Lot Paper

Paper that didn't meet specifications when produced, has been discontinued, or for other reasons is no longer considered first quality.
Job Number
A number assigned to a specific printing project in a printing company for use in tracking and historical record keeping.
Job Ticket
Form used by service bureaus, separators and printers to specify production schedule of a job and the materials it needs. Also called docket, production order and work order.
Jogger
A vibration machine with a slopping platform to even-up stacks of printed materials. K

Abbreviation for black in four-color process printing. Hence the 'K' in CMYK. Key
(1) The screw that controls ink flow from the ink fountain of a printing press. (2) To relate loose pieces of copy to their positions on a layout or mechanical using a system of numbers or letters. (3) Alternate term for the color black, as in 'key plate.'
Keylines
Lines on a mechanical or negative showing the exact size, shape and location of photographs or other graphic elements. Also called holding lines.
Key Negative or Plate
Negative or plate that prints the most detail, thus whose image guides the register of images from other plates. Also called key printer.
Kiss Die Cut
To die cut the top layer, but not the backing layer, of self-adhesive paper. Also called face cut. Kiss Impression
Lightest possible impression that will transfer ink to a Substrate.
Kraft Paper
Strong paper used for wrapping and to make grocery bags and large envelopes.
L
Laid Finish

Finish on bond or text paper on which grids of parallel lines simulate the surface of handmade paper. Laid lines are close together and run against the grain; chain lines are farther apart and run with the grain.
Laminate
A thin transparent plastic sheet (coating) applied to usually a thick stock (covers, post cards, etc.) providing protection against liquid and heavy use, and usually accents existing color, providing a glossy (or lens) effect.
Landscape
Artist style in which width is greater than height. (Portrait is opposite.) Lap Register

Register where ink colors overlap slightly, as compared to butt register.
Laser Bond
Bond paper made especially smooth and dry to run well through laser printers.
Laser-imprintable Ink
Ink that will not fade or blister as the paper on which it is printed is used in a laser printer.
Lay Flat Bind
Method of perfect binding that allows a publication to lie fully open. (Also known as Lay Flat Perfect Binding.)
Lay Edge
The edge of a sheet of paper feeding into a press.
Layout
A sample of the original providing (showing) position of printed work (direction, instructions) needed and desired.
Leading
Amount of space between lines of type.
Leaf
One sheet of paper in a publication. Each side of a leaf is one page.
Ledger Paper
Strong, smooth bond paper used for keeping business records. Also called record paper.
Letter fold
Two folds creating three panels that allow a sheet of letterhead to fit a business envelope. Also called barrel fold and wrap around fold.
Letter Paper
In North America, 8 1/2' x 11' sheets. In Europe, A4 sheets. Legend

Directions about a specific matter (illustrations) and how to use. In regard to maps and tables, an explanation of signs (symbols) used.

Letterpress
Method of printing from raised surfaces, either metal type or plates whose surfaces have been etched away from image areas. Also called block printing.
Lightweight Paper
Book paper with basis weight less than 40# (60 gsm).
Lignin
Substance in trees that holds cellulose fibers together. Free sheet has most lignin removed; groundwood paper contains lignin.
Line Copy
Any high-contrast image, including type, as compared to continuous-tone copy. Also called line art and line work.
Line Negative
Negative made from line copy.
Linen Finish
Embossed finish on text paper that simulates the pattern of linen cloth. Lithography

Method of printing using plates whose image areas attract ink and whose nonimage areas repel ink. Nonimage areas may be coated with water to repel the oily ink or may have a surface, such as silicon, that repels ink.
Live Area
Area on a mechanical within which images will print. Also called safe area.
Logo (Logotype)
A company, partnership or corporate creation (design) that denotes a unique entity. A possible combination of letters and art work to create a "sole" entity symbol of that specific unit.
Looseleaf
Binding method allowing insertion and removal of pages in a publication (e.g., trim-4-drill-3). Loose Proof
Proof of a halftone or color separation that is not assembled with other elements from a page,

as compared to composite proof. Also called first proof, random proof, scatter proof and show- color proof.
Loupe
Lens built into a small stand. Used to inspect copy, film, proofs, plates and printing. Also called glass and linen tester.
Low Key Photo
Photo whose most important details appear in the shadows. Machine Glazed (MG)
Paper holding a high-gloss finish only on one side.
Magenta
One of the four process colors.
Makeready

(1) All activities required to prepare a press or other machine to function for a specific printing or bindery job, as compared to production run. Also called setup. (2) Paper used in the makeready process at any stage in production. Makeready paper is part of waste or spoilage.
Making Order
Order for paper that a mill makes to the customer's specifications, as compared to a mill order or stock order.
Male Die
Die that applies pressure during embossing or debossing. Also called force card.
Manuscript (MS)
An author's original form of work (hand written, typed or on disk) submitted for publication. Margin
Imprinted space around the edge of the printed material.
Mark-Up
Instructions written usually on a "dummy."
Mask

To prevent light from reaching part of an image, therefore isolating the remaining part. Also called knock out.
Master
Paper or plastic plate used on a duplicating press.
Match Print
A form of a four-color-process proofing system.
Matte Finish
Flat (not glossy) finish on photographic paper or coated printing paper. Mechanical

Camera-ready assembly of type, graphic and other copy complete with instructions to the printer. A hard mechanical consists of paper and/or acetate, is made using paste-up techniques, and may also be called an artboard, board or paste-up. A soft mechanical, also called an electronic mechanical, exists as a file of type and other images assembled using a computer.
Mechanical Bind
To bind using a comb, coil, ring binder, post or any other technique not requiring gluing, sewing or stitching.
Mechanical Separation
Color breaks made on the mechanical using a separate overlay for each color to be printed.
Mechanical Tint
Lines or patterns formed with dots creating artwork for reproduction.
Metallic Ink
Ink containing powdered metal or pigments that simulate metal.
Metallic Paper
Paper coated with a thin film of plastic or pigment whose color and gloss simulate metal.
Midtones
In a photograph or illustration, tones created by dots between 30 percent and 70 percent of coverage, as compared to highlights and shadows.
Mil 1/1000 Inch

The thickness of plastic films as printing substrates are expressed in mils.
Misting
color copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Phenomenon of droplets of ink being thrown off the roller train. Also called flying ink. Mock Up

A reproduction of the original printed matter and possibly containing instructions or direction. Modem
Mostly used over phone lines, a device that converts electronic stored information from point a. to point b.
Moire
Undesirable pattern resulting when halftones and screen tints are made with improperly aligned screens, or when a pattern in a photo, such as a plaid, interfaces with a halftone dot pattern.
Monarch
Paper size (7' x 10') and envelope shape often used for personal stationery.
Mottle
Spotty, uneven ink absorption. Also called sinkage. A mottled image may be called mealy.
Mull
A specific type of glue used for books binding and personal pads needing strength.
Multicolor Printing
Printing in more than one ink color (but not four-color process). Also called polychrome printing.
M Weight
Weight of 1,000 sheets of paper in any specific size.
N
Natural Color
Very light brown color of paper. May also be called antique, cream, ivory, off-white or mellow white.
Nested
Signatures assembled inside one another in the proper sequence for binding, as compared to

gathered. Also called inset. Neutral Gray
Gray with no hue or cast. News Print

Paper used in printing newspapers. Considered low quality.
Printing Paper Guide
Metric Basis Weights
Over the past several years, an ever increasing amount of the printing papers sold in the United States is coming from overseas. While most of the mills importing into the U.S. have adopted the U.S. standard of pounds, to identify the basis weights of their grades, several products are still labeled in metric terms. Listed below is a chart that shows the U.S. standard in terms of basis weight and the equivalent weight listed in Grams per Square Meter (GSM). Please note that while U.S. weights will vary between grade classifications, under a metric system all grades are measured by the same standard.
Basis Size Width x Length Whiteness vs. Brightness
For over 40 years, one of the key measurements of any grade of paper has been brightness. Generally speaking, the brighter the paper the better the contrast between the paper and the ink. A brighter sheet is easier to read, and colors tend to pop off the sheet when compared to the same printed copy on a sheet that is less bright. Brightness has also been an indicator of the quality of the grade, as brighter sheets are ranked higher and typically cost more. This has been true for both coated and uncoated papers. Brightness has always been measured using a G.E. Reflectance Scale. It is actually a measurement of the reflection of light off of a grade of paper, with 1 being the lowest reflection, or what would be given to a totally black grade, and 100 for the brightest measured grade. Over the years the paper industry has improved the manufacturing process, so that today many premium grades have brightness ratings of close to 100, the maximum rating possible under the G.E. system.
Over the past few years, as imported papers have gained a larger foothold in the domestic market, a new term has been introduced. Whitenessis now often referred to when evaluating grades of paper, with a C.I.E. (International Commission on Illumination) measurement used for rating. What is the difference between whiteness and brightness? We have already explained that brightness measures the reflection of light. In doing so it actually measures only a limited amount of the full color range. Whiteness measures the full spectrum of visible light, and

provides a measurement more closely aligned with what our eyes actually see. Put another way, on a scale of 1 to 10, brightness reflects a color range approximately between 4 and 8. Whiteness, on the other hand, measures all of the colors in the range, from 1 through 10. As a result we may have 2 grades of paper that measure the same on a brightness scale, but because of a difference in shade they look different to the eye. This can be the case when you have 2 grades of opaque that measure 92 on the G.E. brightness scale, but one is a warm white and the other is more of a blue white. Their brightness rating is the same, but the paper looks different because of differences in shade. In this example there is 1 common measurement for brightness, but 2 separate measurements under a whiteness scale.
The trend in paper making is toward whiter and brighter paper. Paper is becoming a global product, with imports coming in at an increasing level. Whiteness is a global standard, and we anticipate a growing acceptance of whiteness as a key measurement tool. Giving exact comparisons between the G.E. Brightness scale and the C.I.E. Whiteness scale can be difficult, since the range of colors measured will vary. We have listed below some general comparisons. Please note the highest rating on a brightness scale is 100, while whiteness measurements will go much higher.

Brightness 84
92
96

Whiteness Range 94 - 98
138 - 148

148 - 155 Reply Cards or Post Cards

A standard post card or reply card must be rectangular in shape, with a minimum size of 3 1⁄2” x 5”. In order to qualify as a post card, with its accompanying lower postal rate, the paper used must be a minimum .007” thick. The card can be as large as 4 1⁄4” x 6” and still carry this lower rate. If either dimension exceeds 4 1⁄4” x 6”, however, it no longer carries the post card rate, but rather First Class Letter rate. In addition, it must be printed on a paper stock that is a minimum of .009” thick. If the card falls below these minimums then the mailer must pay a higher rate, potentially as much as $.13 each. While the minimum caliper applies to the post card, there is flexibility to go beyond the minimum and still receive the lower rate. Both sizes can be produced on paper as thick as .016 and still qualify. This provides a great deal of flexibility on paper selection, with improved durability and print surface.
Here are some grades stocked by Athens Paper that meet these requirements. They are ranked by their relative cost, with 100% being the least expensive grade.
7 Point Minimum
Williamsburg 75 lb. Return Card – (100%) Guaranteed .007 thick, this is the least expensive

grade. It is very porous, however, and is best suited for simple line copy.
Domtar 90 lb. Index– (170%) A hard, smooth finish with a better print surface than the 75 lb. reply, yet still relatively inexpensive. Available in a 92 bright white or colors.
Utopia 3 100 lb. Matte Coated – (175%) An 87 bright sheet, with good print reproduction on both sides.
Accent Opaque or Plainfield Opaque 65 lb Cover – (187%) Both grades have good bulk, stiffness and brightness and are capable of producing quality 4-color process work.
Knightkote Matte 105 lb Return Card – (195%) A #1 matte with a brightness of 92, this sheet provides better stiffness and contrast than Utopia 3.
Cornwall or Carolina C1S 8 Pt – (219%) Use for 7 pt requirements. Good coated surface on one side for quality 4 color printing, with uncoated back side that easily accepts pen or pencil. Both grades are available in a 7 point from the mill, and both are available in C2S.
Kromekote C1S 8 Pt– (342%) With a brightness of 92 and ultra smooth cast coated finish, this is the best choice when premium print quality is required. Also available in C2S
9 Point Minimum
Williamsburg 97 lb Return Card – (100%) Same printing characteristics as the 75 lb.,
Domtar 110 lb. Index – (170%) Same characteristics as 7 pt.
Plainfield Opaque Vellum 65 lb Cover (152%) – Vellum is mill item. Toothy finish.
Accent or Plainfield Opaque Smooth 80 lb. Cover – (187%) Good print surface
Knightkote Matte 135 lb. Return Card – (195%) Same characteristics as 7 pt.
Altima Gloss 100 lb Cover – (215%) # 3 Gloss Cover. Not available in rolls.
Cornwall or Carolina 10 Pt C1S – (219%) Same characteristics as 8 Pt
Kromekote 10 pt C1S – (342%) Same characteristics as 8 Pt
Paper Characteristics and Their Effect on Printing
Basis Weight – The weight of 500 sheets of a standard size of paper. The standard size will vary according to group classification (bond, offset, cover, index, tag, vellum bristol).
When choosing which basis weight to use take the following considerations into account:
Opacity : heavier sheets provide more opacity. If show through is a problem consider going up one weight.

Bulk: heavier sheets of the same grade are thicker
Stiffness: the heavier a sheet the stiffer it is. If a client is printing a brochure with few pages, a heavier sheet may help make it feel more substantial.
Cost: Every time you go up one basis weight in the same grade you increase the paper costs from 15 to 20%. The reverse is true where you will save money as you drop in basis weight.
Mailing Weight: The weight of the individual sheets of paper will determine if a mailed piece is over or under the desired mailing weight.
Folding: Heavier sheets are harder to fold and may require a score.
Caliper – The thickness of a sheet of paper measured in thousands of an inch. Also referred to as bulk. Sometimes the caliper is referred to asPoint, with a point indicating one thousands of an inch. Using this terminology, a 10 point cover is a cover sheet that is 10 one thousands of an inch thick. A 12 point SBS Board would be 12 one thousands thick. A 24 point board would be 24 thousands of an inch thick, or twice as thick as a 12 point.
On most commercial printing grades caliper is not a major consideration. The exceptions are:
Post Cards: must be a minimum of 7 point and a maximum of 11 point to qualify for post card rates. If a post card does not meet standard dimensions for length to width ration, the minimum caliper required raises to 11 point. It is important that you check to be sure any grade specified for a post card meets these minimums.
Pages per Inch: This term refers to how many sheets of paper it takes of a specific grade to measure one inch. Since one sheet equals 2 pages, you double the number of sheets in an inch to find the pages per inch. This becomes important when quoting on a hard bound book or a perfect bound book. Not knowing how thick the paper is could end up causing problems in the bindery, or even create a situation where the finished pages are too thick to fit into the cover. It can also come into play when printing pages for a 3 ring binder. Using a thinner sheet will allow more pages to fit into the same binder.
Brightness – This is a measure of the reflectance of a sheet of paper. The most common method of measuring is a GE reflectance meter, with the higher the number indicating the whiter the sheet.
Brightness is one of the main physical characteristics used to classify grades of paper. This includes both coated and uncoated grades. In both categories as the brightness level goes up, the grade of paper is classified as a better grade.
On uncoated papers, the brighter sheets of paper typically have more opacity than those with lower brightness levels.
Brightness provides more contrast between the printed image and the paper, giving the printed

image a sharper appearance.
Generally speaking, the brighter the grade the more expensive it is.

Whiteness – Similar to brightness, but this is a measurement of what the eye actually sees rather than a measurement of reflectance. Since the eye picks up the color blue, a blue white sheet may appear to be a lot whiter than a red white sheet that measures the same or more on a reflectance meter. Not typically shown as a standard paper specification, it does explain why there are so many shades of white.
Smoothness – A measurement of how level or smooth the surface is on a sheet of paper. Generally only measured on uncoated sheets. Measured using a Sheffield Smoothness tester, with a low number indicating an extremely smooth sheet and a high number a very rough or toothy finish.
On uncoated papers, the smoother the finish the better the print reproduction. Rough finishes are referred to as Vellum or Antique
Vellum finish papers absorb the ink quicker, dry faster and allow for more dot gain.

Smoother sheets have less bulk than do vellum finish papers. The same grade of paper in the same basis weight can vary by as much as 20% when going from a smooth to a vellum finish. This can be important if a client wants a book to look more substantial, but does not want to pay more. A vellum finish can increase the overall thickness of the book for no more money.
Most grades of offset and opaque sold in our market have smooth finishes.
Grain Direction – Paper comes from trees, and trees have fibers. When these fibers end up on a paper machine they all become lined up in the same direction. Since fibers are longer than they are wide, the long direction of the fibers in the paper is referred to as grain direction. A sheet that is 25 x 38, grain long has the fibers running the long way in the 38” dimension.
Grain direction is important in heavy weight papers that require a fold. It is difficult to fold a heavier sheet across the grain without cracking.
All papers that are run through a laser printer should be run in the grain longthrough a laser printer. Be sure when doing this that the images are stripped onto the form in such a way that after they are cut down they are 8 1⁄2 x 11, grain long (in the 11” dimension).
Opacity – The amount of show through from one side of the paper to the other. Measured on a scale of 1 to 100, with 100 indicating the highest opacity possible. This is a very important consideration when printing on both sides of a sheet of paper.
Uncoated papers have more opacity than coated papers in the same basis weight. The higher the grade ranking on an uncoated sheet, the greater the opacity.

Coated papers go down in opacity as their grade ranking goes up. Higher quality coated papers have more coating and less wood pulp and bulk, the 2 characteristics that add to opacity.
Heavier weight papers have more opacity than lighter weights in the same grade.
Design plays a large part in the need for opacity. Heavy coverage on both sides of the paper eliminates the need for high opacity. Heavy coverage on one side with light coverage on the other increases the need.
Grade Classifications – Coated and uncoated papers are ranked into certain grade classifications based on key physical characteristics. These classifications are used to give the buyer some general idea of the quality level to expect when specifying a grade of paper.
Coated Papers – Ranked according to brightness and gloss. Similar grades should have comparable brightness and ink hold out and reproduction. No reference to opacity.
Uncoated Papers – Ranked by brightness and opacity.
Grades in the same classification should fall in the same general price range.

Comparable Grades – Grades of paper manufactured by different paper mills that are listed in the same grade category are considered comparable grades. As a result, if a customer asked for Vintage Gloss or equivalent, any coated grade that is considered a #1 coated (as is Vintage), would be a comparable grade.
Single Sheets Flyers
Bookmarks Brochures Letterhead Postcards Greeting Cards Invitations Holiday Cards Multi-Page Folded Magazines NewsLetters

 

Booklets
HOA Community Newsletters Multi-Page Other
Spiral Bound Docs

GBC Bound Docscolor copies cheap copies bookets cheap copies online  
Stapled Docs
Manuals
Books
Bound Docs
Unbound Docs
Other Printing
Signs
Sign Stakes & Frames
Every Door Direct Mail Banners
Envelopes
Business Cards
NCR Forms
Carbonless Forms 

 

 

 

    •   

 

 

 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Here is a general example of how to layout a flyer with the appropriate amount of bleed. Please follow these instructions for any size flyer.

ARTWORK MUST HAVE 0.0625" FOR BLEED AND 0.0625" FOR SAFETY ON ALL SIDES.
We can not guarantee any print job cuts without the bleed